Approaches to language testing
Language tests are chronologically classified according to four main approaches:
(1) the essay translation approach; (2) the structuralist approach; (3) the integrative approach; and (4) the communicative
Lecture Chapter 2: Approaches to language testing presented Language tests are chronologically classified according to four main approaches: (1) the essay translation approach; (2) the structuralist approach; (3) the integrative approach; and (4) the communicative.
This thesis has been done in an effort to investigate how euphemism is
translated from English into Vietnamese in translated works as well as to
find out what are the main approaches taken by translators in translating
euphemism from English into Vietnamese. A collection of samples taken
from literary works written in English and their Vietnamese versions have
been analyzed to explore ways in which euphemisms are transferred.
Besides, quantitative analyses have also been carried out to show
distribution of ways of translating, on the basis of which to identify
Three protein factors IF1, IF2 and IF3 are involved in the
initiation of translation in prokaryotes. No clear function
has been assigned to the smallest of these three factors, IF1.
Therefore, to investigate the role of this protein in the initi-ation process inEscherichia coliwe have mutated the cor-responding gene infA. Because IF1 is essential for cell
viability and no mutant selection has so far been described,
the infA gene in a plasmid was mutated by site-directed
mutagenesis in a strain with a chromosomalinfA
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Protocol: developing a conceptual framework of patient mediated knowledge translation, systematic review using a realist approach
Strategies for the chemical construction of synthetic proteins with precisely
positioned post-translational modifications or their mimics offer a powerful
method for dissecting the complexity of functional protein alteration and
the associated complexity of proteomes.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs (~22 nucleotides) that regulate gene expression by cleaving mRNAs or inhibiting translation. The baboon is a well-characterized cardiovascular disease model; however, no baboon miRNAs have been identified. Evidence indicates that the baboon and human genomes are highly conserved; based on this conservation, we hypothesized that comparative genomic methods could be used to identify baboon miRNAs.
Efforts to isolate carrier protein-mediated synthases from natural product-producing organisms using reporter-linked post-translational modification
have been complicated by the efficiency of the endogenous process. To
address this issue, we chose to target endogenous phosphopantetheinyl
transferases (PPTases) for inhibitor design to facilitate natural product syn-thase isolation through a chemical genetics approach.
For the characterization of protein sequences and post-translational modifi-cations by MS, the ‘top-down’ proteomics approach utilizes molecular and
fragment ion mass data obtained by ionizing and dissociating a protein in
the mass spectrometer.
When the date of Björnson's seventieth birthday drew near at the close of 1902, the present writer, who had
been from boyhood a devoted admirer of the great Norwegian, wished to make an American contribution to
the world-wide tribute of gratitude and affection which the then approaching anniversary was sure to evoke.
The outcome of that wish was an essay, summarizing Björnson's life and work, published in "The
International Quarterly," March, 1903.