In this survey, special attention is drawn on EU practice as the European trade bloc has
established a separate pillar in its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) which exclusively deals
with rural development and agri-environment. In the case of the EU, the paper looks at the lega
framework on RD and agri-environment at the EU level, while further taking four
national/regional programs as examples for how Member States have been implementing the EU
framework legislation on RD.
The long-term approach to achieving protection is “ecological separation.” A true ecological
separation is defined as no inter-basin transfer of aquatic organisms via the Chicago Waterway
System at any time – 100% effectiveness. Ecological separation prohibits the movement or interbasin
transfer of aquatic organisms between the Mississippi and Great Lakes basins via the CWS.
Once established, the impacts of invasive species on ecosystem health are permanent and
Besides conducting national censuses, the CBS is a primary source of information for multi-sectoral
data in the country. It was in the early nineties that the CBS established a separate Household Survey
Section (HSS). This section initiated four small-scale surveys with funding from the GoN. Then a
comprehensive survey for Nepal was launched by the CBS in 1995/96 through its multi-topic
(consumption, income, housing, labor markets, education, health etc.) national household survey
called the Nepal Living Standards Survey (NLSS I) with financial assistance from the World Bank.
Among funds, there are substantial differences in risk-return profiles,
investment horizons, asset allocation, eligible instruments, risk tolerances, and
Because each fund is different and has varying goals and objectives,
it is difficult to generalize about the investment strategies of SWFs as a class. For
example, an oil-exporting economy may initially establish a SWF for stabilization
Today, the budget structures of the two countries show many formal similarities,
but the de facto operations of central and sub-national bureaucracies diverge. Most
Western discussions of fiscal efficiency start from the assumption that there is a separate,
tax-based fiscal system in place. However, neither Russia nor China has succeeded fully
in establishing an effective, tax-based system for provision of local infrastructure,
pensions, and a social safety net. The reform of the governmental fiscal system in each
country is incomplete.
In 1993, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technology
(OIT) established a group of seven industries designated as Industries of the
Future (IOF). These industries were selected for their high energy use and large
waste generation. The original IOF included the aluminum, chemicals, forest
products, glass, metalcasting, petroleum refining, and steel industries. Each industry
was asked to provide a future vision and a road map detailing the research
required to realize its vision.
On a multi-dimensional text categorization task, we compare the effectiveness of a feature based approach with the use of a stateof-the-art sequential learning technique that has proven successful for tasks such as “email act classification”. Our evaluation demonstrates for the three separate dimensions of a well established annotation scheme that novel thread based features have a greater and more consistent impact on classification performance.
High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a separation tool par excellence for the analysis of compounds of wide polarity. Since its inception approximately four decades ago, HPLC has revolutionized numerous disciplines of science and technology. Among the various modes of HPLC, reversed-phase and normal-phase chromatography (NPC) are employed most commonly in separation. Normal-phase chromatography was the ﬁrst liquid chromatography mode, discovered by M. S.
The Toyota Motor Corporation was founded in 1937 by Kiichiro Toyoda. It originally started as a subsidiary of his father’s company Toyoda Industries. The first vehicle, the Toyota AA, was produced in 1936 whilst the company was still associated with Toyoda. The brand as we know it became established as an independent company in 1937 and changed their name to Toyota. The name change was implemented to signify a separation of work and home, to simplify the pronunciation and because it only took 8 brush strokes (which is considered lucky) to write in Japanese.
In recognition of the importance of establishing gender
equality around the world, the United Nations
Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) was
established as a separate fund within the United
Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 1984. At that
time, the General Assembly instructed it to “ensure
women’s involvement with mainstream activities.”3 The
Platform of Action resulting from the 1995 Beijing World
Conference on Women expanded this concept, calling
it “gender mainstreaming”—i.e.
The induction hypotheses Application to endoscopic and stable expansions Cancellation of p-adic singularities Separation by inﬁnitesimal character Elimination of restrictions on f Local trace formulas Local Theorem 1 Weak approximation Global Theorems 1 and 2
10. Concluding remarks Introduction This paper is the last of three articles designed to stabilize the trace formula. Our goal is to stabilize the global trace formula for a general connected group, subject to a condition on the fundamental lemma that has been established in some special cases.
The Slovak National Cleaner Production Centre is composed of a non-profit organization and a business enterprise thereby enabling the centre to work effectively in delivering value-adding services to businesses and acting as a public advocate for Cleaner Production, while at the same time retaining the added value from close collaboration and joint efforts.
CENTRE IN BRIEF The Slovak NCPC was established in 1994, originally as part of the National Industrial Association, and then as a separate not-for-profit independent civic association.
There are, actually, no formal Swedish regulations for organic contaminants in sludge.
There is an informal agreement between the Swedish EPA, the Farmers Union and the
Water and Wastewater Association which includes the recommendations in table 3.1-1.
These agreements are based more on practical experience than on scientific data. Sweden
also used to have a recommended limit value for toluene, but this has been omitted
The cash ﬂows diagram for the mexican CAT bond is described in Figure 4.
CAT-MEX Ltd. issues the bond that is placed among investors and invests the
proceeds in high quality assets within a collateral account. Simultaneous to the
issuance of the bond, CAT-MEX Ltd. enters into a reinsurance contract with
SRC. The proceeds of the bond will also serve to provide SRC coverage for earth-
quakes in Mexico in connection with an insurance agreement that FONDEN has
entered with the European Finance Reinsurance Co. Ltd., an indirect wholly-
owned subsidiary of SRC.
Worry had completely defeated me. My mind was so confused and troubled that I could see no joy in living. My nerves were so strained that I could neither sleep at night nor relax by day. My three young children were widely separated, living with relatives. My husband, having recently returned from the armed service, was in another city trying to establish a law practice. I felt all the insecurities and uncertainties of the postwar readjustment period. I was threatening my husband's career, my children's natural endowment of a happy, normal home life, and I was also threatening my...
In Austria, particulate matter is measured in agreement with national legislation as Total Suspended
Particulate (TSP) at more than 110 sites, whereas PM10 measurements are not yet available. It was
assumed that ambient air TSP levels can be attributed to the contribution of local sources and regional
background concentrations. Both of them were modelled separately. The starting point for the
modelling of local contributions was the availability of a spatially disaggregated emission inventory
for nitrogen oxides (NOx).
We show that the group of firms with a strong sustainability culture is significantly more likely to
assign responsibility to the board of directors for sustainability and to form a separate board committee
for sustainability. Moreover, High Sustainability companies are more likely to make executive
compensation a function of environmental, social, and external perception (e.g., customer satisfaction)
• This is a stage where formal charges are laid against an individual: normally
a formal panel of at least three members should be established to hear the
• A separate person within the institution should have responsibility for
presenting the charges: the role of the panel should be to decide whether
the charges are proven and, if so, what sanction might be appropriate.
• The person against whom allegations are made should be given details of
the allegations in writing, the nature of the evidence against them, and be
given reasonable time and oppor tunity to respond to these....
Perhaps our most urgent task today is to persuade nations of the need to return to
multilateralism. The challenge of reconstruction after the Second World War was the real
motivating power behind the establishment of our post-war international economic system.
The challenge of finding sustainable development paths ought to provide the impetus - indeed
the imperative - for a renewed search for multilateral solutions and a restructured
international economic system of co-operation.
It was not until the late 1970’s that most
organisations in the UK established a computer audit
capability. This primarily arose out of the need to
provide business auditors with independent data
from the IT system. This in turn progressed to a
wider review of the IT applications and infrastructure
to provide an assurance that the organisation’s assets
were protected and that suitable security and control
mechanisms were in place. The high level of
technical knowledge required resulted in the birth of
the computer auditor.