Established cancer

Xem 1-20 trên 88 kết quả Established cancer
  • A report is written each time tissue is removed from the body to check for cancer. These are called pathology reports. Each report has the results of the studies done on the removed tissue. The information in these reports will help you and your doctors decide on the best treatment for you. Reading your pathology report can be scary and confusing. Different labs may use different words to describe the same thing. On page 30, you’ll find an easy-to-understand word list.

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  • In its fifth edition, Cancer Medicine has been named eponymously to honor its founding editors James F. Holland and Emil Frei III, two giants of medical oncology. The Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine reflects their dedication to innovative, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary care of cancer patients, as well as their belief in the importance of grounding such care in a more fundamental understanding of cancer biology. It is to their vision and the example that they have established over the last four decades that this book is dedicated.

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  • Defining the Extent of Disease and the Prognosis The first priority in patient management after the diagnosis of cancer is established and shared with the patient is to determine the extent of disease. The curability of a tumor usually is inversely proportional to the tumor burden. Ideally, the tumor will be diagnosed before symptoms develop or as a consequence of screening efforts (Chap. 78). A very high proportion of such patients can be cured.

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  • Following demonstration of activity in animal models, conventional chemotherapeutic agents are further evaluated to define an optimal schedule of administration and arrive at a drug formulation designed for a given route and schedule. Safety testing in two species on an analogous schedule of administration defines the starting dose for a phase I trial in humans. This is established as a fraction, usually one-sixth to one-tenth, of the dose just causing easily reversible toxicity in the more sensitive animal species.

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  • It is becoming increasingly clear that signals generated in tumor microenvi-ronments are crucial to tumor cell behavior, such as survival, progression and metastasis. The establishment of these malignant behaviors requires that tumor cells acquire novel adhesion and migration properties to detach from their original sites and to localize to distant organs.

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  • The molecular analysis of human cancer is complicated by the difficulty in obtaining pure populations of tumor cells to study. One traditional method of obtaining a pure representation has been establishing cancer cell lines from primary tumors. However, this technique is time consuming and of low yield. Artifacts of cell culture include the selection of genetic alterations not present in primary tumors (1,2) and the alteration of gene expression as compared to primary tumors (3).

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  • In addition to incidence figures, population-based cancer registries that conduct adequate follow-up of their patients are able to estimate the preva- lence of cancer. Prevalence figures give an indication of the burden of the dis- ease in the community. Cancer registries generally assume that once diag- nosed with cancer, an individual remains a prevalent case until death. Thus, prevalence may be estimated from data on incidence and survival.

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  • The most established nationwide medical registry in Germany is the Perinatal Registry, which collects maternal health records concerning pregnancy, delivery and perinatal outcome from now more than 1100 hospitals. Over the past 16 years, data collection was transformed from printed questionnaires to digital records. A special web-based information source of the German Perinatal Registry does not exist.

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  • America’s dairy farmers participate in a national check-off program that provides monies to promote the consumption of dairy foods. A large portion of these funds is used to support nutrition research, communication, and education. Since 1915, the National Dairy Council® has been committed to establishing programs and developing educational materials based on current scientific research, as well as providing sound scientific information in all of its communications. This book is an update of the first edition of the Handbook of Dairy Foods and Nutrition.

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  • Isolated blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) represents about 5% of annual trauma mortality from blunt trauma. As part of multiple-site injury (polytrauma), BAT contributes another 15% of trauma mortality. In the abdominal trauma, the best exploration strategy is one that leads most quickly and reliably in the diagnosis of surgical injury. This strategy must be established based on hemodynamic status and clinical guidance but should never delay a therapeutic homeostasis.

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  • Nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy usually lead to intrauterine growth retardation, which is one of the main causes of foetal and infant undernutrition in developing countries. Every year, 30 million newborns, or 23% of 126 million births per year, are affected by intrauterine growth retardation; by contrast, in developed countries the rate is only about 2% (World Health Organization 2000a).

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  • Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine has a long and dis- tinguished tradition in the field of hematology. Maxwell Wintrobe, whose work actually established hematology as a distinct subspecialty of medicine, was a founding editor of the book and participated in the first seven edi- tions, taking over for Tinsley Harrison as editor-in-chief on the sixth and seventh editions. Wintrobe, born in 1901, began his study of blood in earnest in 1927 as an assistant in medicine at Tulane University in New Orleans.

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  • Differentiated thyroid cancer is the fastest‐growing cancer in women; it increased 2.4% per year during 1980 to 1997 and 6.5% per year during 1997 to 2006 in the USA according to the National Cancer Instituteʹs Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER). On the other hand, the refinement of new approaches for surveillance of patients with an established diagnosis of thyroid cancer is leading to the observation that many patients, previously thought to be cured, have evidence of minimal residual disease, a condition with which we still do not know how to manage properly....

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  • These concerns were behind the establishment in 1983 of the World Commission on Environment and Development by the UN General Assembly. The Commission is an independent body, linked to but outside the control of governments and the UN system.

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  • Le Trong Trai et al. (2001) argued that with an abundance of heavily degraded land available for rehabilitation, forest management and other land uses, there is considerable potential for cash earning activities in the buffer zone (for example through economic crop plantations). This activity would also reduce the overall pressure on the forest resources in the nature reserve. They also suggested that current arrangements for forest development and management in the bare lands are costly, create social tensions and seem to be unsustainable in the long run.

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  • Concerns about rising health care costs and affordability of health care for families persist despite the enactment of comprehensive health reform legislation in March 2010 (the Affordable Care Act, or ACA). 1 The ACA changed the health care landscape considerably by providing significant financial assistance to help people with low and moderate incomes afford coverage and associated cost sharing.

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  • The quality assurance teams and managers supported the evolution of the breast screening programme locally, and professional quality assurance groups were developed with the relevant associations and royal colleges at a national level. In 1990, a new post of national coordinator of the NHSBSP was established, based at one of the regional heath authori- ties. Mrs Julietta Patnick at the Trent Region in Sheffield was appointed, and she is now the Director of the NHS Cancer Screening Programmes, which includes the NHSBSP.

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  • The concept of tissue engineering is to regenerate target tissue by mimicking the developmental or regenerative process of that tissue. Thus, it can be considered an ideal therapeutic option for treating various tissue defects. Tissue engineering of skin, cartilage, and bone has already been shown both feasible and effective in several clinical studies, and its efficacy has attracted significant attention from both patients and doctors.

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  • This study has also consulted other documents published elsewhere, such as Sarma (1986) and Mink (1987). Sarma (1986), a Research Report published by IFPRI (Washington), is concerned with the analysis and projections (to 2000) of use of cereals for livestock feed in developing countries. Mink (1987) has addressed the use of corn in livestock feed and the future of the corn economy in Indonesia. The study focussed on current levels of corn use and likely future growth of corn-based livestock feeds in Indonesia.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học ngành y học tạp chí Medical Sciences dành cho các bạn sinh viên ngành y tham khảo đề tài: MALDI-TOF MS Combined With Magnetic Beads for Detecting Serum Protein Biomarkers and Establishment of Boosting Decision Tree Model for Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer...

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