Establishing risk standards

Xem 1-18 trên 18 kết quả Establishing risk standards
  • “Risk concentrations are arguably the single most important cause of major problems in banks”.1 On the one hand, dealing with concentration risk is important for the survival of individual banks; therefore, banks should be interested in a proper management of risk concentrations on their own. On the other hand, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) has found that nine out of the thirteen analyzed banking crises were affected by risk concentrations,2 which shows that this issue is important for the stability of the whole banking system.

    pdf267p taurus23 25-09-2012 66 36   Download

  • Humankind’s fascination with Mars predates recorded history. The bright planet with the reddish tint is unique among the other celestial objects. Tycho Brahe’s observations of its unpredictable motion were deciphered by Johannes Kepler in the early 17th century as he developed his laws of planetary motion. Galileo trained his telescope on Mars and saw it as a disk in 1610. Later in the 1600s, Christiaan Huygens and Gian Cassini drew the first maps of the Martian surface.

    pdf64p camchuong_1 04-12-2012 16 3   Download

  • Moreover, even if it were established that options increased risk taking, it is not clear whether such an outcome would be desirable or undesirable from the perspective of the shareholders. Risk-averse managers, who hold disproportionate amounts of their financial and human capital in the companies they manage, are likely to take fewer risks than are optimal. This is an agency problem that is likely magnified in companies where top executives enjoy substantial rents from their positions, and have strong incentives not to take risky actions that may get them removed from their positions.

    pdf180p bocapchetnguoi 06-12-2012 26 3   Download

  • In 1972, the Clean Water Act (CWA) delineated the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into waters and for establishing quality standards for surface waters under the authority of EPA [10]. Under the CWA’s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System program, stormwater permits were required for sediment runoff from construction sites and discharges of pollutants into surface waters [11]. The permitting system requires adoption of technology-based and water quality-based effluent limits [11,12].

    pdf10p tainhacmienphi 19-02-2013 18 3   Download

  • This glossary has been developed in cooperation with numerous professional translators and editors. Its purpose is to establish high standards for the quality of language usage, to promote uniformity in language usage, and to minimize the risk of misinterpretation of Vietnamese-language materials issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

    pdf23p yenhong 24-06-2009 993 588   Download

  • In recognition of the importance of establishing gender equality around the world, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) was established as a separate fund within the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 1984. At that time, the General Assembly instructed it to “ensure women’s involvement with mainstream activities.”3 The Platform of Action resulting from the 1995 Beijing World Conference on Women expanded this concept, calling it “gender mainstreaming”—i.e.

    pdf13p le_minh_nha 20-12-2012 28 7   Download

  • Electronic formats such as HTML, XML, and XBRL are open standards 43 that define or “tag” data using standard definitions. The tags establish a consistent structure of identity and context. This consistent structure can be recognized and processed by a variety of different software applications. In the case of HTML, the standardized tags enable Web browsers to present Web sites’ embedded text and information in a predictable format.

    pdf114p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 24 7   Download

  • In gravity injection, small volumes of reagents are gravity-fed into injection well(s) over a longer application period. The distribution and dissipation of the reagents in the saturated zone is largely controlled by the site hydrogeologic conditions. The gravity injection approach may reduce some of risks associated with chemical oxidation technologies. Additionally, given its prolonged application period, the oxidants may be able to penetrate into more of the lower permeability soils to address contaminants in these areas.

    pdf222p cao_can 29-12-2012 22 6   Download

  • Because the scope of modern medical knowledge is vast, medical school graduates undergo additional training before entering clinical practice. Those choosing to become specialists take at least three years of residency training. The American Board of Medical Specialties establishes criteria for its member organizations, such as the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG). In turn, ABOG sets high standards for training and performance for those physicians who wish to work in this specialty....

    pdf4p le_minh_nha 25-12-2012 23 5   Download

  • The Commission is keen to assume leadership at the international level on this debate and will seek close co-operation from its global partners within the Financial Stability Board and the G20. Audit, alongside supervision and corporate governance, should be a key contributor to financial stability as it provides assurance on the veracity of the financial health of all companies. This assurance should reduce the risks of misstatement, and in doing so, reduce the costs of failure that would otherwise be suffered by the company's stakeholders as well as by the broader society.

    pdf21p doipassword 01-02-2013 39 4   Download

  • Exchanges have suggested several complementary rationales for establishing themselves as a source of corporate governance-related regulations. In essence, by raising transparency and discouraging illegal or irregular practices, exchanges are themselves able to accumulate an amount of “reputational capital”.

    pdf272p bocapchetnguoi 05-12-2012 22 3   Download

  • Ensuring the emergency services and the public know where and when it will flood, and how serious the flooding is likely to be, is a complex task. The Environment Agency has increased the number of households and businesses offered a flood warning service. We have also launched a new National Flood Forecasting Centre with the Met Office that will allow us to better predict the scale and timing of flooding events and monitor them as they happen.

    pdf44p yeutinh98 26-09-2012 23 2   Download

  • While the recommendations in this handbook reflect best practices, they are not meant to define mandatory standards. Rule 1B-26.003, Florida Administrative Code, provides standards for record (master) copies of public records which reside in electronic recordkeeping systems, establishes minimum requirements for the creation, utilization, maintenance, retention, preservation, storage, and disposition of electronic record (master) copies, regardless of the media, and must be followed by all agencies as defined by Section 119.011(2), Florida Statutes....

    pdf23p dacotaikhoan 26-04-2013 13 1   Download

  • The IT Governance Institute (ITGI) ( was established in 1998 to advance international thinking and standards in directing and controlling an enterprise’s information technology. Effective IT governance helps ensure that IT supports business goals, optimizes business investment in IT, and appropriately manages IT-related risks and opportunities. The IT Governance Institute offers symposia, original research, and case studies to assist enterprise leaders and boards of directors in their IT governance responsibilities....

    pdf227p vutrung 07-09-2009 122 23   Download

  • Under the Clean Air Act, particulate matter (PM) is one of the major air pollutants for which National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) are to be established on the basis of the scientific evidence on risks to human health. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), other federal and state government agencies, and nongovernment organizations are conducting a major multiyear research effort to improve scientific understanding of airborne PM and its effects on human health.

    pdf373p mnemosyne75 02-02-2013 22 6   Download

  • Entities that currently regulate an element of critical infrastructure that has been defined as higher risk should be responsible for oversight. Enforcement of these standards should be incorporated into already established safety or security reviews. Any element of critical infrastructure that has processes or technology that exceed the established standard should be deemed compliant with the standard.

    pdf22p khongmuonnghe 04-01-2013 17 2   Download

  • In 1998, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) began work on developing a standard that would have required all workplaces to establish a safety and health program, which uses management tools that address general behaviors and procedures to reduce the risk of occupational injuries and illnesses.

    pdf0p trinhosieupham 17-02-2013 17 1   Download

  • Water quality based standards are derived by calculating how much of a given substance can be released while still meeting instream surface water quality objectives (3) . For details please consult the Water Quality Based Effluents Limits Procedures Manual (4) . As an example, Alberta Environment is evaluating the need to set more stringent release limits on BOD for mills releasing to the Athabasca River based on water quality assessments on in-stream dissolved oxygen.

    pdf0p loixinloi 08-05-2013 7 1   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản