After the domination of behaviourism in Anglo-American psychology during the
middle of the century, the impression has been left, reflected in the many texts on
research design, that the experimental method is the central tool of psychological
research. In fact, a glance through journals will illuminate a wide array of datagathering
instruments in use outside the experimental laboratory and beyond the
Once the core people and skills are identified, ensure that they are aware of their
position and how they will be managed in the event of a pandemic. Consider strategies
for minimizing the possibility that they become ill with influenza: e.g. working from home
even in very early stages of a pandemic, or other social distancing measures.
If working from home is not a well-established practice in your organization, you may
wish to encourage staff to address computer connection or technological issues and
enable this option.
The academic field and the engineering practice of computer programming are both largely concerned with discovering and implementing the most efficient algorithms for a given class of problem. For this purpose, algorithms are classified into orders using so-called Big O notation, which expresses resource use, such as execution time or memory consumption, in terms of the size of an input. Expert programmers are familiar with a variety of well-established algorithms and their respective complexities and use this knowledge to choose algorithms that are best suited to the circumstances....
China’s papermaking technology itself is relatively similar across establishments
because, until recently, the industry relied on a couple of domestic manufacturers
making nearly identical machines for each stage in the papermaking process (CTAPI
(1993)). The critical differences in the technology come from the use of two alternative
raw materials (wood and non-wood fibers) and from the production of either bleached or
unbleached papers. Both differences are important to understanding the industry’s
The role for Congress in this financial crisis is multifaceted. While the recent focus has been on
combating the recession, the ultimate issue perhaps is how to ensure the smooth and efficient
functioning of financial markets to promote the general well-being of the country while
protecting taxpayer interests and facilitating business operations without creating a moral hazard.
In addition to identifying communication preferences, stakeholder communication requirements
must identify the project’s communication channels and ensure that stakeholders have access to
these channels. If project information is communicated via secure means or through internal
company resources, all stakeholders, internal and external, must have the necessary access to
receive project communications.
It is important that cord blood transplantation is one of the risk
factors of symptomatic adenoviremia (Robin et al., 2007), which develops to acute renal
failure in the terminal stage (Abe T et al., 2009).
At present, there is no established consensus about the treatment for acute renal failure
induced by adenovirus after stem cell transplantation. This chapter focuses on the recent
advances in diagnosis, mostly due to the development of molecular methods, and
From the outset it was a request of the Cultural Foundation to make the results of the scientific
investigations accessible for a broad public. Already soon after opening the first sketches, the
question about the securing of the archaeological findings arose. For all involved partners it
was clear that, even with the most expensive preservation methods, the architectural findings
in the area could only be kept up medium-term. In order to secure the antique substance at
longer term, the partners in the decision-making bodies considered establishing a protective
Chapter 18 - Managing innovation and change. In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Explain how paradigm shifts occur and describe their consequences, identify the major sources of organizational inertia, outline what is required to change the strategy and organization of an established enterprise,...
INTERNAL CONTROL BASED ON THE COSO REPORT
To use COSO, the Corporate Governance model, and COBIT, the Information Technology Governance framework, to achieve compliance with the SARBANES-OXLEY law
Methodology concepts of COSO.
MEYCOR COSO AG basics, a tool for implementing internal control based on the COSO report.
An automobile was seen as a simple accessory of luxury in the early years of the past
century. Therefore, it was an expensive asset which none of the common citizen could
afford. It was necessary to pass a long period and waiting for Henry Ford to establish
the first plants with the series fabrication. This new industrial paradigm makes easy to
the common American to acquire an automobile, either for running away or for
A comprehensive reference for an executable UML and the advantages of modeling This book presents the most up-to-date technology for rapidly developing information systems using the object-oriented paradigm and models, and establishes an executable profile of UML for such model-driven development. As a software developer, architect, or analyst, you’ll benefit from learning how information systems can be developed more efficiently using the object-oriented paradigm and model-driven approach.
Customers that installed Exchange 2000 experienced a paradigm shift in the
complexity of the underlying operating system. With Windows 2000
introducing several new concepts, installers were burdened with learning the
differences in how Active Directory uses Domain Name System (DNS),
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), and a variety of new server
roles for establishing suitable infrastructures for Exchange 2000. Microsoft
Product Support Services learned that these infrastructures failed too often, or
were never configured correctly at their inception.
The first section introduces the basic concepts of number systems, storage of numerical data, and machine arithmetic. Chapters on the Intel math unit architecture, data conversions, and the details of math unit programming establish a framework for developing routines in engineering and scientific code. The second part, entitled Application Development, covers the implementation of a C++ program and flowcharting. A tutorial on Windows programming supplies skills that allow readers to create professional quality programs.
Writing a short book on a comprehensive programming language was most definitely a
challenge. But such was our mandate and such is C#.
The C# programming language was first released in 2000 and has quickly established
itself as the language de rigueur for application development at Microsoft Corporation
and other software houses. It is a powerful language based on the paradigm of
object-orientation and fully integrated with the Microsoft .NET Framework. Hence, C# is
architecturally neutral and supported by a vast library of reusable software....
Program design of small programs is relatively simple and involves the analysis of the problem, collection of inputs, using the programming constructs within languages, devising or using established procedures and algorithms, providing data for output devices and solutions to the problem as applicable. As problems become larger and more complex, features such as subprograms, modules, formal documentation, and new paradigms such as object-oriented programming are encountered. Large programs involving thousands of line of code and more require formal software methodologies.
Surgical education is changing. Mandates that foster this change include increasing
demands from the public for perfection without practice, decreasing
trainee work hours, increasing minimally invasive therapies, and fewer surgical
educators. In addition, rising health care costs have caused many experienced
surgeons to focus on patient care rather than the mentoring of surgical trainees. A
paradigm shift in surgical education is being forced by all these issues.
This Note presents the prospectus for The Institute for Interactive Information Environments (IIIE), a research consortium to be established by RAND. The mission of the IIIE is to improve understanding of the implementation of advanced information technology in organizational settings. Its research agenda includes three areas: (1) development of an implementation paradigm; (2) identification of im......
The engineering profession must adapt to the new low carbon paradigm well
ahead of society as a whole in order to provide the necessary leadership in
design and the direction of policy. The professional engineering institutions
and trade associations must all recognise a multi-disciplinary, problem solving
approach that over-turns conventional partisan relationships and embraces a
systemic approach to construction. All contributors to construction projects
must be prepared to provide leadership in their area of expertise, but work
with others to link knowledge across existing boundaries.
This article introduces quasi-Darwinian selection as a new explanatory paradigm for marketing relationships. In this
paradigm, established relationships are viewed as survivors of a selection process whose parameters are the
conduct of the partners, dependencies between the partners, and external adversities in the markets. Selection has
the effect of culling certain combinations of these parameters, such as attempts at unilateral control when the
partner is not dependent.