Twenty-one targets for health for all have been set, which specifically spell out the needs of the
whole European Region and suggest the necessary actions to improve the situation. They will
provide the “benchmarks” against which to measure progress in improving and protecting
health, and in reducing health risks. These 21 targets together constitute an inspirational
framework for developing health policies in the countries of the European Region.
The first experimental activities to support innovation in relation to regional and social policy, effectively pi
oneering the development of the knowledge-based economy at regional level, were launched by the Commis
sion in 1993-94. Today, nearly one in three regional authorities across the EU-15 have formulated a Regional
Innovation Strategy or a Regional Innovation Society Initiative, aimed at developing effective innovation sys
tems and spreading Information & Communication Technologies related know-how at regional level.
The remarkable political changes that have
taken place within the European Region in
the last five years have greatly enlarged the
potential for international collaboration. The
First European Conference on Environment
and Health was held in Frankfurt in December
1989, when these dramatic changes
were at their height. Ministers from 29 countries,
and the European Commission, approved
a Charter that set out the principles,
strategy and priorities for achieving an effective
approach to the many areas in which environmental
conditions may significantly affect
The age until which children are permitted to stay in prison with their mothers varies
considerably across the WHO European Region. With a range from zero to six years old, the
age of three years is the most common age limit for children to stay with their mother in
European prisons. Norway is the only European country that totally prohibits children from
staying with their mother in prison (Quaker Council for European Affairs, 2007).
We are grateful to W. Philip T. James (International Obesity Task Force, London, United Kingdom) and Kaare
R. Norum (University of Oslo, Norway) for reviews of and suggestions on early drafts of this book, Shubhada
Watson (Evidence on Health Needs, WHO Regional Office for Europe) for helping to assess the evidence base,
and to Garden Tabacchi (University of Palermo, Italy) for overall editorial assistance in completing the final
Historic sites are a finite resource which cannot bereplaced once damaged or destroyed.In contrast withsome nature conservation or landscape designations,which may embrace very extensive tracts of land,designated historic sites tend to be more limited inextent.For example,the average area of a scheduledmonument is only 2.5 hectares and the average area of a registered park and garden is 108 hectares.Listedbuildings and their curtilages generally occupy farsmaller areas.
suggested that an undue emphasis on the individual self reflects cultural bias and a limited world
view (Christopher and Hickinbottom 2008).
The wide range of benefits associated with mental health demonstrates the relevance of wellbeing to
sectors beyond health, notably those concerned with the policy challenges presented by education,
social cohesion, demographic change, sustainable economic development and environmental
protection across the WHO European Region.
Countries in the WHO European Region face enormous challenges in working
to promote the mental well-being of their populations, to prevent mental health
problems in marginalized and vulnerable groups and to treat, care for and support
the recovery of people with mental health problems. Mental health has growing
priority across the Region, owing to the awareness of both the human and
economic costs to society and the suffering of individuals.
The increasing interest attached to all that part of the American Continent situated within and near the tropics, has suggested the publication of the present edition of Humboldt's celebrated work, as a portion of the SCIENTIFIC LIBRARY. Prior to the travels of Humboldt and Bonpland, the countries described in the following narrative were but imperfectly known to Europeans. For our partial acquaintance with them we were chiefly indebted to the early navigators, and to some of the followers of the Spanish Conquistadores.
By ensuring through vehicle Type Approval schemes, support and information provided to
manufacturers, that new vehicles, systems and components are designed and
manufactured to the appropriate national, European and international road safety
By working with DfT and BIS policy colleagues, so that VCA’s operational experience
helps their formulation of future standards and schemes plus developing VCA capabilities
and expertise and exploring the potential safety benefits of emerging automotive
The European Championship stadium
helps the Weidmoos
An important step came in 2000, when nature protection
compensation measures were undertaken as a result
of the construction of a new stadium in Salzburg/ Klessheim.
This involved the purchase of about 80 of the
136 hectare bird reserve for nature protection purposes.
In this way, the future use of the site was bound by
In 2002, Salzburg’s Nature Protection Department contracted
REVITAL, a civil engineering consultancy firm, to
develop a Natura 2000 management plan.
Apart from country and industry-specific differences, the determinants of our estima-
do not show any difference between the two innovation decisions (see Table 4).
In short, the determinants of product and process innovations appear to be quite similar. This
outcome might be explained by the fact that there is a wide overlap between these two types
of innovations, which becomes obvious when taking a closer look at the European Commis-
sion’s definition of product-integrated environmental innovations.
Jeremy de Souza was educated at Charterhouse and New College, Oxford. Articled
to Mr John Emrys Lloyd of Farrer & Co, he subsequently became an assistant
solicitor and associate at that ﬁrm. Between 1976 and 1996, after which he became
a consultant (enabling him to devote more time to writing), he was the ﬁrm’s tax
partner. During his 32 years with the ﬁrm, he contributed to the newsletters for the
Agricultural Estates Group, the Employment and Pensions Group, the Charities
Group and the Brieﬁng Service for in-house lawyers. ...
PSI President and CEO Karl Hofmann recalls:
“In just over 10 years, the YouthAIDS platform grew into a brand that drove attention and
resources for HIV prevention and education. PSI, at that time, was a highly successful
implementing organization but traveled below the radar with little brand awareness
except among a small set of development insiders. By creatively marketing the HIV
implementation arm of our organization in a more attractive and media friendly way,
Roberts was able to give YouthAIDS real substance and to raise diversified funds.
Intelligence functions—before, during, and after an event—are critical for event security. In addition
to drawing on local and state intelligence resources, many law enforcement agencies receive support
from the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTF) and Field Intelligence Groups (FIG). he Secret
Service may also assist with intelligence on dangerous subjects who have threatened public oicials.
With respect to intelligence functions during events, the guidelines report briely discusses practices
related to intelligence gathering, communication, and management (e.g.
he race to become the Greenest City in the world is both a friendly
and ierce competition. It’s friendly because when one city succeeds,
we all beneit from the shared knowledge and improved health of
our planet, as well as the new opportunities that emerge in the green
economy. he race is a ierce one because the stakes are so high. In
fact, the kind of change needed for all of us to thrive in healthy and
prosperous communities requires a world full of Greenest Cities.
here are four key ingredients required for us to succeed: vision,
leadership, action, and...
Social media is not the only emerging channel P&G is using to connect directly with consumers. In
November 2011 the company announced a partnership with a start-up called Mobeam to distribute
digital coupons via mobile phones. The companies plan to begin testing the solution—which requires
enhancements to existing handsets—in 2012.
Diageo is another CG manufacturer that has also turned to social media—Facebook speciﬁ cally—to
enhance its consumer marketing efforts and drive retail beverage sales.
The gap between marketing and sales teams has been around since the two functions were created and is usually just accepted as an irreparable inconvenience in many busi-
nesses. Sales thinks only they are worried about the quarter; Marketing thinks they are the only ones who think strategically. Sales wonder why they have to generate all their own
leads; Marketing complains that sales ignores or criticizes everything they generate. Sales thinks marketing is lightweight and easy; Marketing thinks salespeople will say anything to
get a deal.
It is time for this fighting to stop.