Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: The European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) is not appropriate for withholding surgery in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis: a retrospective cohort study...
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile), is a standard set developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe technologies for second generation (2G) digital cellular networks. Developed as a replacement for first generation (1G) analog cellular networks, the GSM standard originally described a digital, circuit switched network optimized for full duplex voice telephony.
The wireless era was started by two European scientists, James Clerk Maxwell and Heinrich Rudolf Hertz. In 1864, Maxwell presented Maxwell's equations by unifying the works of Lorentz, Faraday, Ampere, and Gauss. He predicted the propagation of electromagnetic waves in free space at the speed of light. He postulated that light was an electromagnetic phenomenon of a particular wavelength and predicted that radiation would occur at other wavelengths as well. His theory was not well accepted until 20 years later, after Hertz validated the electromagnetic wave (wireless) propagation.
Nowadays, Information and Communication Systems Technologies are rapidly
expanding in order to fulfill the increased needs of our demanding modern
Information Society. More and more fundings are invested every year for the
development of new, innovative and technologically advanced Information Systems
that will be efficient enough to satisfy users’ requirements and be adaptive enough so
as to cooperate with the cutting‐edge aspects of IT and mobile technologies.
Creativity takes many forms, protected by different intellectual property (IP) rights,
often working in synergy. Certainly the patent system is suitable for some of the
innovative activity in Europe, though not all of it.
The European Patent Ofﬁce has the authority to grant patents on behalf of over
30 member states in Europe – but only patents. If all the innovation and creativity in
Europe is to be harnessed and commercialized, then other IP rights should be used,
and other institutions must provide support....
The European Union plans to have its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) system, Galileo, in initial operation in 2008. As envisioned, Galileo will function and perform similarly to the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS), the preeminent PNT system now in existence. Policy leaders and technical experts have been
This timely book addresses a number of enduring debates regarding the
political and legal trajectory of the European Union’s evolving constitutional
framework, namely the role and nature of social policy. On the
one hand, the purse strings of the national welfare states are still firmly
guarded by the Member States, which retain the power to tax and grant
ARTICLE 6 OF THE European Convention on Human Rights has become
the defining standard within Europe for determining the fairness of
criminal proceedings. Its success has been attributed to the fact that it is
not based on a particular model of criminal procedure. In this regard it is no
coincidence that much of the literature on comparative criminal procedure law
continues to adhere to an understanding of European criminal procedural
systems as divided into two groups: the accusatorial and the inquisitorial.
To give appropriate translation equivalents for target words is one of the most fundamental problems in machine translation systrms. Especially, when the MT systems handle languages that have completely different structures like Japanese and European languages as source and target languages. In this report, we discuss about the data strucutre that enables appropriate selections of translation equivalents for verbs in the target language. This structure is based on the concepts strucutre with associated information relating source and target languages.
In the year 2006, just as the European Union was planning its 50th birthday party,
the powerful and prestigious American Bar Association circulated the first fruits of
a major restatement of European Community law. Whether the ABA is a nonprofit-
making organisation, I am not aware; but it is hardly a philanthropic
institution.Why then should this massive project have seen the light of day?
One reason is that transatlantic political relationships are becoming closer.
We register all deaths in Coos County, using the automated OVERS system, and forward the
information to the state, as required by administrative rules. Births are now registered by the hospitals
directly with the state through the automated system. Three deputy registrars are available to provide
birth and death certificates within 24 hours of request, and often can respond immediately to walk-in
requests for certificates.
This paper deals with multilingual database generation from parallel corpora. The idea is to contribute to the enrichment of lexical databases for languages with few linguistic resources. Our approach is endogenous: it relies on the raw texts only, it does not require external linguistic resources such as stemmers or taggers. The system produces alignments for the 20 European languages of the ‘Acquis Communautaire’ Corpus.
This paper describes the main features of our tool called “Legal Taxonomy Syllabus”. The system is an ontology based tool designed to annotate and recover multi-lingua legal information and build conceptual dictionaries on European Directives. Vogel, 2004) and ontologies engineering (Klein, 2001), are the following ones: 1) Terms and concepts must be distinguished; for this purpose, we use lightweight ontologies, i.e. simple taxonomic structures of primitive or composite terms together with associated deﬁnitions. ...
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), is a standard set developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe technologies for second generation digital cellular networks. Developed as a replacement for first generation analog cellular networks, the GSM standard originally described a digital, circuit switched network optimized for full duplex voice telephony. The standard was expanded over time to include first circuit switched data transport, then packet data transport via GPRS (General Packet Radio Services)....
This third edition takes as its theme ‘increasing harmonization in financial statements;
mixed comparability and diversity in assurance and corporate reporting’.
January 2005 marked a significant stage in the move towards acceptance of international
financial reporting standards (IFRS) as the basis for harmonizing financial statements.
It was the date from which listed companies in member states of the European
Union (EU) were required to apply IFRS in their consolidated financial statements, in
place of the accounting standards of their home countries.
Availability of fossil fuels became readily and abundantly available
during the mid to latter part of the 20th century, and building
design responded with mechanical and electrical systems that in
many instances consumed the fuel excessively. Large single glazed
areas caused over-heating, glare and solar discomfort in the summer,
combined with cold draughts and high heat losses in the winter.
Thermostatic control was often rudimentary and compensated by
opening and closing windows accordingly.
Late in the year 1970, a major turning point occurred in my scientific career: I joined
the staff of a federal fisheries research center at Sandy Hook, New Jersey. One of
the principal programs of that center was to examine the effects of coastal pollution
on productive systems of the oceans, especially effects on fish and shellfish resources.
A study to measure indoor concentrations and emission rates of volatile organic compounds
(VOCs), including formaldehyde, was conducted in a new, unoccupied manufactured house
installed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) campus. The house was
instrumented to continuously monitor indoor temperature and relative humidity, heating and air
conditioning system operation, and outdoor weather. It also was equipped with an automated
tracer gas injection and detection system to estimate air change rates every 2 h.
The notion of environmental damage is a rather recent development in
tort law on both a national and an international level. Constant degradation
of environmental goods, such as air, water and wildlife, by
emissions and old dumpsites and spectacular industrial accidents causing
pollution created a new awareness by the public of the environment.
National legislation and new international treaties show that tort
liability is attributed an increasing role in the protection of the environment
This book is concerned with two digital mobile radio systems: the global system for mobile communications (GSM); and a code division multiple access (CDMA) system that was originally known as the American interim standard 95, or IS-95 and is now called cdmaOne [1–7]. While GSM was conceived and developed through the concerted efforts of regulators, operators and equipment manufacturers in Europe, cdmaOne owes its existence to one dynamic Californian company, Qualcomm Inc.