The activities of the Department of Defense (DOD) and its contractors in manufacturing, testing,
maintaining, and disposing of military equipment make up a significant portion of the industrial
processes conducted in the United States. As is the case with the commercial industries, some of these
activities, such as metal plating, have resulted in industrial pollution and environmental contamination.
With increasing environmental regulation of such processes in recent decades, defense facilities have
been faced with growing compliance issues.
We saw in Chapter 12 that a decentralized firm delegates decision-making authority to subordinates. With this delegation of authority comes the risk of managers making decisions based on their individual goals that can be sub-optimal for the organization as a whole. One example of dysfunctional decision-making occurs when business units or divisions within the organization buy goods and services from one another and each unit or division manager is evaluated on reported profits. In this chapter we address this potential problem.
This paper describes a novel approach for the automatic generation and evaluation of a trivial dialogue phrases database. A trivial dialogue phrase is deﬁned as an expression used by a chatbot program as the answer of a user input. A transfer-like genetic algorithm (GA) method is used to generating the trivial dialogue phrases for the creation of a natural language generation (NLG) knowledge base. The automatic evaluation of a generated phrase is performed by producing n-grams and retrieving their frequencies from the World Wide Web (WWW).
We present the design and evaluation of a translator’s amenuensis that uses comparable corpora to propose and rank nonliteral solutions to the translation of expressions from the general lexicon. Using distributional similarity and bilingual dictionaries, the method outperforms established techniques for extracting translation equivalents from parallel corpora. The interface to the system is available at: http://corpus.leeds.ac.uk/assist/v05.
When rules of transfer-based machine translation (MT) are automatically acquired from bilingual corpora, incorrect/redundant rules are generated due to acquisition errors or translation variety in the corpora. As a new countermeasure to this problem, we propose a feedback cleaning method using automatic evaluation of MT quality, which removes incorrect/redundant rules as a way to increase the evaluation score. BLEU is utilized for the automatic evaluation.
Engineers use the concepts and methods of mechanics of solids in designing and evaluating tools, machines, and structures, ranging from wrenches to cars to spacecraft. The required educational back ground for these includes courses in statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, and related subjects.
Casting process is the most direct method of producing a product from the chosen material.
Though products in all the three major classes of materials, metals, ceramics and polymers
can be produced by this method, casting of metals is by far the most widely used process.
The basic steps in the casting process are preparation of the material in the liquid state,
transferring the liquid material into a shaping mold, allowing the transformation of liquid
material in the mold into a solid form.
Dr. Christiane Averbeck is executive director of Transfer-21, a
Germany-wide program on education for sustainable development. She has
worked as a consultant for the German Council for Sustainable
Development, conducted a research project on sustainable resource use in
Uganda, worked as a senior advisor for a German NGO in Uganda, and as
senior researcher in a project funded by the Federal Environmental Agency
on marine pollution. She holds a Master’s degree in biology and a Ph.D. in
natural science. ...
Picocyanobacteria are a diverse and widespread
group of photosynthetic prokaryotes and belong to the main group of primary producers
(Castenholz & Waterbury. 1989; Rippka, 1988). Picoeukaryotes, meanwhile, are a diverse
group that is widely distributed in the marine environment, and they have a fundamental
role in aquatic ecosystems because of their high productivity. Like bacteria, marine viruses
are thought to play important roles in global and small-scale biogeochemical cycling.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Numerical evaluation of laminar heat transfer enhancement in nanofluid flow in coiled square tubes
Various kinds of actors are involved in the processing and transfer of remittances to Asian countries,
including financial institutions, banks, exchange houses, and money transfer organizations. Exchange
houses are a principal means of sending money from the oil -producing countries in Western Asia. Some
Indian states and private banks have established agreements with these exchange houses to facilitate the
transfers of remittances. These transfers typically occur in an account-to-account manner, and are
concentrated in the United Kingdom and the United States.
A second criterion for meaningful research on cross-language transfer is the
recognition that literacy comprises many component skills. The component skills of
reading must be carefully assessed in the first and second language to trace the
development of first- and second-language abilities in relation to one another.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has
requested that the National Academies, through the National Research
Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM), conduct a series of
reviews of its research portfolio. The charge is discussed in detail in a subsequent
section, but in general it is to evaluate the relevance and impact of a NIOSH research
program and to provide recommendations for future research. This report
contains a review and evaluation of the NIOSH Traumatic Injury (TI) Research
The current financial crisis occurred after a long and remarkable period of growth and
innovation in our financial markets. New financial instruments allowed credit risks to be
spread widely, enabling investors to diversify their portfolios in new ways and enabling
banks to shed exposures that had once stayed on their balance sheets. Through
securitization, mortgages and other loans could be aggregated with similar loans and sold
in tranches to a large and diverse pool of new investors with different risk preferences.
Mobile money can also prove commercially significant
for service providers, when it reaches scale. Although the
transaction fees that mobile money providers charge are
individually quite small, in total, they can represent an
important revenue source. For example, Safaricom, the
mobile operator that offers M-PESA, reported mobile
money revenues for the first half of 2011 of K Sh 7.9 billion
($90 million). In addition, cash agents may also gain
commercial benefit from the fees they receive.
Thus, sibship configuration may influence how much parents invest in each of their child’s education and thus contribute to educational inequality within the family. The mechanisms through which parents exhibit their preference for a specific child may be either allocation of family resources among siblings or a subtle form of economic transfers among the siblings. Most prior studies have focused on the direct parental effect of allocation of family resources, and few studies have examined the indirect parental effect of inter-sibling transfer of family resources.
Galloylated and nongalloylated catechin conjugates with cysteine deriva-tives have been synthesized and evaluated for their capacity to scavenge
free radicals and to influence crucial functions (cell cycle, apoptosis) in
HT29 colon carcinoma cells. We show that the nonphenolic part of the
molecule modified the capacity of catechins to donate hydrogen atoms and
to transfer electrons to free radicals.
A new baculovirus-based fluorescence resonance energy
transfer (Bv-FRET) assay for measuringmultimerization of
cell surface molecules in living cells is described. It has been
demonstrated that gonadotropin-releasing hormone recep-tor (GnRH-R) was capable of forming oligomeric com-plexes in the plasma membrane under normal physiological
conditions. The mouse gonadotropin-releasing hormone
receptor GnRH-R was used to evaluate the efficiency and
potential applications of this assay.
Thesis objectives: To evaluate the labor structure transfer by industries in Thai Binh and recommend directions and forecast labor structure transfer by industries in Thai Binh by 2020 together with measures to be taken.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Performance Evaluation of Linear Turbo Receivers Using Analytical Extrinsic Information Transfer Functions