There are also marked differences between retailers in terms of their pricing
policies. These differences do not only relate to the general price level but also to
whether a retailer predominantly pursues permanent pricing policies, or whether
high prices alternate with low-price promotions. This latter strategy was an
adequate tool in times of relatively high inflation and a subsequent lack of market
transparency in order to attract customers.
In order to answer each question the NCC-C information specialist developed a search
strategy to identify relevant published evidence for both clinical and cost effectiveness. Key
words and terms for the search were agreed in collaboration with the GDG. When
required, the health economist searched for supplementary papers to inform detailed health
economic work (see section on ‘Incorporating Health Economic Evidence’).
Fieldwork took place in two main stages. The first stage took place in April 2004 in Phnom Penh where
400 interviews were conducted and the second stage in July and August 2004 in the five provinces and
involved 800 interviews. In addition, because of problems encountered during the initial fieldwork in
Phnom Penh, supplemental interviewing was undertaken in June, August and September. This resulted in
an additional 73 interviews, making the total Phnom Penh sample size 473.
A detailed description of response rates is provided in Appendix C. Refusal rates were 8.
In this chapter I will review the current status of treatment for schizophrenia in terms of
effectiveness and safety, and discuss what treatment advances have been made in the last
century, and how treatment interventions might and should develop as the 21st century
The Social Insurance Institution was established in 1934 by means of an Ordinance
of the President of the Republic of Poland of 24 October 1934 on the amendment of the Law of
28 March 1933 on social insurance. In accordance with the Ordinance, 5 insurance institutions
have been merged (Social Insurance Chamber, Sickness Insurance Institution, Accident Insur-
ance Institution, White-Collar Employees’ Insurance Institution, Blue-Collar Workers’ Insurance
Early researchers in the field played down individual
personality disturbances as causal agents of
family violence in favour of social and cultural
factors (27). More recently, though, research on
family violence has shown that abusers who are
physically aggressive are more likely to have
personality disorders and alcohol-related problems
than the general population (28).
Overcoming the current challenges and fostering further capital market development will
require efforts across a broad policy front. Significant efforts to realize this crucial agenda
are underway and could be deepened further. A sine qua non is to continue to further
entrench the important and hard-won gains on macro stability that Brazil has achieved in the
last years, including on the fiscal responsibility and inflation targeting frameworks.
Results of an American study support the theory of a rather strong genetic influence on
risk of prostate cancer. The study compared patterns of prostate cancer among black and
white men (Chu et al., 2003). Black Americans had substantially higher prostate cancer
rates than white Americans, but the longitudinal trends such as decreasing mortality,
increasing incidence and survival were similar. Although this was not a typical migrant
study, it compared different ethnic and thus genetic and lifestyle factors in a known risk
According to Bonfand, it is this principle of imprint which drives a large part of
Godard’s system of representation, particularly in the intuitive and memory-based
principle which leads the heterogeneity of his juxtapositions and collages of images
starting from Pierrot le fou (1965). He demonstrates that Godard considers the canvas of
the cinematic screen as ‘a sensible surface, a supporting beam in which something
imprints itself […]’ (222).
While the demand for research on investment performance has
increased, the cost of producing this research has declined. Early
studies relied on proprietary or expensive commercial databases for
their fund performance ﬁgures, or researchers collected data by hand
from published paper volumes. In 1997, the Center for Research in
Security Prices introduced the CRSP mutual fund database, com-
piled originally by Mark Carhart, into the academic research market.
Starting in about 1994, several databases on hedge fund returns and
characteristics became available to academic researchers.
The main goal of our estimation is to study the industry incidence of tax evasion. We
Önd a high tax evasion multiple for doctors, engineers, private tutors, Önancial services agents,
accountants, and lawyers, consistently across di§erent credit models.
We turn to making sense of the industry distribution. We Önd no evidence that the govern-
ment is subsidizing either areas of local economic growth or industries o§ering apprentice-like
training to unskilled workers.
The MMA guidelines are the result of ongoing collaboration across the MMA Mobile Advertising Committee with representation from companies in Asia Pacific (APAC), Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA), Latin America (LATAM) and North America (NA). Committee members are representative of all parties in the mobile marketing ecosystem, including handset manufacturers, operators, content providers, agencies, brands and technology enablers.
The current economic crisis, which has arrested and even somewhat
reversed the skyrocketing price of housing, might offer short-term oppor-
tunities to some in the market for homes. But the mortgage meltdown and
its aftermath will not change the underlying dynamic: over the past three
decades, a wide gap has opened between the means of most New Yorkers
and the costs of living in the city. We have seen this dynamic play out even
during the last 15 years, as the local economy thrived and crime rates plum-
The pig population has also halved over
the past fifteen years resulting from a combination of factors including the Euro-pound
exchange rate, changes to animal welfare regulations and disease problems (Henry, Baillie &
Rushton, 2011). The ‘Foot and Mouth’ (FMD) epidemic of 2001, in conjunction with changes
to EU subsidy payments, has also resulted in a reduced sheep population.
Chordae tendinae reconstruction, in patients with prolapsed of anterior leaflet was done
by Matsumoto et al., 1999 in children using the following technique: double-armed
mattress e-PTFE sutures were passed through the free prolapsed edge from the
ventricular side to the atrial side and then the two ends were passed through the papillary
muscle at 3 to 4 mm from its top, drawing the free edge down to the entry point on the
papillary muscle of the two ends of the suture. The sutures were passed through a
pledget, which would be on the side where the sutures emerged...
Foreign capital inflows are playing an important role in the U.S. economy by bridging the gap
between domestic supplies of and demand for capital. In 2008, as the financial crisis and global
economic downturn unfolded, foreign investors looked to U.S. Treasury securities as a “safe
haven” investment, while they sharply reduced their net purchases of corporate stocks and bonds.
In 2009, foreign capital inflows continued to drop as private investors sharply retrenched, while
official purchases of U.S. Treasury securities by foreign governments rose sharply.
The Council of Women World Leaders is a network of current and former
prime ministers, presidents and cabinet ministers whose mission is to mobilize
the highest–level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of
critical importance to women and equitable development. Through its networks,
summits, and partnerships, the Council promotes good governance and gen-
der equality, and enhances the experience of democracy globally by increasing
the number, effectiveness, and visibility of women who lead their countries. ...
We discuss the two most promising scenarios presented in Hutton et al, namely an
improved stove intervention and use of LPG instead of solid fuel. The improved stove
intervention is a chimneyless rocket stove, assumed to reduce SFU health effects by 35
percent. Annualized unit stove cost is US $ 2.6-3.1. Annualized unit cost of LPG stove
and gas cylinder is US $9-18. LPG consumption is 0.3-0.9 kg per household per day.
Annualized program cost per household is less than one dollar in most regions.
Reduced mortality is valued at the human...