Xem 1-20 trên 72 kết quả Evidence course
  • The evidence based medicine movement, which arose in McMaster University in Canada in the 1990s, has steadily grown to influence health-care professions other than medicine where it is recognised as evidence based practice. It is now widely accepted as a fundamental tenet where health care is available in developed country settings and the prevailing medical system is one of western medicine. The importance of evidence in defining policy and practice in the UK health system and others is acknowledged and, probably, enduring....

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  • For five months now all people who read at all have been reading about the horrible war that is devastating Europe and shedding the best blood of the people of five great nations. In fact, they have had no time to read anything else, and everything that is published about it is seized upon with great avidity. No wonder, then, that Mr. James M. Beck's book, The Evidence in the Case, published by G. P. Putnam's Sons, which has grown out of the article by him contributed to the New York Times Sunday Magazine, has been warmly welcomed both here and in England as a...

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  • Competition in Product Variety: Theory and Evidence I begin by describing the allocation of effectiveness in illustrative equilibria, then describe the simulation and its results. Finally, at the end of this section I return to the basic model to discuss its allocative implications and the likely effects of endogenizing school effectiveness.

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  • A Comparative Study of returns to education and the Importance of Genetic and Environment Factors: Evidence from Different twins data It thus seems likely that the character of equilibrium will depend crucially on the particular institutions of any choice program. Further research with large-scale voucher programs will be needed to determine whether administrators of effective schools are rewarded by increased demand in the choice regimes that these policies create.

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  • EDUCATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH EVIDENCE FROM CHINA AND POLICY IMLICATION Column C allows the racial and ethnic composition of SAT-takers to have an independent effect on average SAT scores. If there are cultural biases in SAT scores, for example, individual ethnicity may have a different effect than does the composition of the peer group. The coefficients on racial composition variables are large and significant, but again their inclusion has essentially no effect on the parameter of interest, the interaction of average peer quality with Tiebout choice....

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  • HOUSEHOLE EDUCATION AND EARNINGS: EVIDENCE FROM RURAL PERU The first panel of Table 1.6 presents estimates using the composite test scores that students earned during the original wave of the NELS, when they were in 8th grade. (I continue to use the secondary choice index in this analysis; it correlates 0.98 with an elementary index.)

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  • .....RACE AND GENDER DIHERENCES EN EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT, HILD OF STUDY, AND [NCREMENTS TO EARNINGS (EVIDENCE FROM UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS TRACER STUDIES AND NATIONWIDE EARNINGS DATA) Even at the upper extreme of the estimated confidence intervals, the SAT gap between more- and less-desirable schools is not meaningfully larger in markets with decentralized governance than in those with less Tiebout choice.

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  • Fama (1977) and Miller (1977) predict that one minus the corporate tax rate will equate aftertax yields from comparable taxable and taxexempt bonds. Empirical evidence shows that long-term tax-exempt yields are higher than theory predicts. Two popular explanations for this empirical puzzle are that, relative to taxable bonds, municipal bonds bear more default risk and include costly call options. I study U.S. government secured municipal bond yields which are effectively default-free and noncallable. These municipal yields display the same tendency to be too high.

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  • Ancient traditions, when tested by the severe processes of modern investigation, commonly enough fade away into mere dreams: but it is singular how often the dream turns out to have been a half-waking one, presaging a reality.

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  • Market efficiency prevails when many investors are willing to depart from maximum diversification, or a passive strategy, by adding mispriced securities to their portfolios in the hope of realizing abnormal returns. The competition for such returns ensures that prices will be near their “fair” values. Most managers will not beat the passive strategy on a riskadjusted basis. However, in the competition for rewards to investing, exceptional managers might beat the average forecasts built into market prices....

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  • THE ROLE OF IMPORT SUBSITITUTION AND EXPORT ORIENTATION STRATEGIES ON THAILAND'ECONOMIC GROWTH This result calls the incentive effects of Tiebout choice into question, as it indicates that administrators of effective schools are no more likely to be rewarded with high demand for local housing in high-choice than in low-choice markets. To explore this further, I estimate models for the effect of Tiebout choice on mean scores across metropolitan areas. Consistent with the earlier results, I find no evidence that high-choice markets produce higher average SAT scores.

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  • The employer-employee Relationship: A phenomenological Study of Retention and the Information Technology Worker In University of California data, I find evidence that observable background characteristics—particularly those describing the composition of the school, rather than the individual’s own background—are strong predictors of both SAT scores and collegiate performance, and that much of the SAT’s apparent predictive power derives from its association with these background characteristics.

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  • A STUDY OF TAIWANESE TOURIISM BUSINESS AND GOVERNMENT LEADER'S PERCEPTIONS CONCERING TOURISM RESEARCH The first two of these are not particularly plausible. I present strong evidence, in Table 1.2 and in Appendix A, that the district-level choice index is an important determinant 53 of student stratification, even when possible confounding factors are controlled.

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  • In 1899, the famous American psychologist, William James published a little book called Talks to Teachers , in which he sought to explain how to apply psychology to education — that is, he sought to use what he called “ the science of the mind ’ s workings ” to generate practical advice for classroom teachers. At the time, the book was not much of a success, largely for two reasons: (a) there was a lack of research evidence on how learning works (that is, the science of learning), and (b) there was a lack of research - based principles concerning how to help people learn (that is,...

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  • THREE ESSAYS ON FINANCIAL DISTRESS AND CORPORATE CONTROL Chapter One develops this idea and implements tests of the hypothesis that school effectiveness is an important determinant of residential choices among local-monopoly school districts. I model a “Tiebout”-style housing market in which house prices ration access to desirable schools, which may be desirable either because they are particularly effective or because they enroll a desirable set of students.

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  • UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY YOUTH SUBSTANCE USE AND HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION In this chapter, I use data on school assignments and outcomes of students across schools within different metropolitan housing markets to assess parents’ revealed preferences. To preview the results, I find little evidence that parents use Tiebout choice to select effective schools over those with desirable peers, or that schools are on average more effective in markets that offer more choice.

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  • SERVICE PARTS LOGISTICS: MODELING, ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION Chapter One develops this idea and implements tests of the hypothesis that school effectiveness is an important determinant of residential choices among local-monopoly school districts. I model a “Tiebout”-style housing market in which house prices ration access to desirable schools, which may be desirable either because they are particularly effective or because they enroll a desirable set of students.

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  • Differences in Audit Quality Among Audit Firms: An Examination Using Bid-Ask Spreads Then, in Section 1.6, I examine the distribution of average test scores across markets, looking for evidence that interdistrict competition leads to increases in the average effectiveness of local administrators.

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  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE TURNOVER AND CUSTOMER SERVICE QUALITY IN CASINO RESTAURANTS The remaining panels present models for measures relating to school continuation rates, defined as one minus the cumulative dropout rate. In Panel C, the dependent variable is the fraction of students from the NELS 8th grade sample who were still in school at the time of the 12th follow-up survey four years later.

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  • Most of us spend a good part of our days either reading or writing, so it is surprising that the psychological study of these processes is a relative late comer. The investigation of learning processes began with memorizing lists of nonsense syllables and running rats down mazes, not with what we do everyday—reading all kinds of things. The study of thinking started with puzzles of various kinds, not with the kind of inferences that are made in reading. The reason is, of course, obvious: Investigators were put off by the daunting complexity of studying discourse comprehension.

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