Evolutionary processes

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: Genetic differentiation and evolutionary process of speciation in the Idotea chelipes complex

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  • Classical microeconomics is intended to explain how a price system is able to coordinate the economic agents. But even if it can be extended to incomplete information and externalities, it remains grounded on very heroic assumptions. Agents are endowed with a very strong rationality, equilibrium is stated without a concrete process to achieve i

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  • Evolutionary biology and ecology share the goals of describing variation in natural systems and discovering its functional basis. Within this common framework, evolutionary biologists emphasize historical and lineage-dependent processes and hence often incorporate phylogenetic reconstructions and genetic models in their analyses. Ecologists, while cognizant of historical processes, tend to explain variation in terms of the contemporary effects of biotic and abiotic environmental factors.

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  • Since the first production of tools at the beginning of human presence on Earth, human evolution is linked to the invention of new tools, usually combined with new environmental adaptations. The symbiosis of man with tools and environments represents one of the main factors in human evolutionary processes. It is evident how this coupling is based on the biophysics of our bodies and the development of the social memory system called culture.

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  • contrast, the solution is defined by data structures that describe the original problem context indirectly and thus, determine the search space within an evolutionary search (optimization process). There exists the analogy in the nature, where the genotype encodes the phenotype, as well. Consequently, a genotype-phenotype mapping determines how the genotypic representation is mapped to the... more

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  • Báo cáo Bài tập tuần môn học Phân tích và yêu cầu phần mềm sau đây trình bày ba bài tập lớn, bao gồm: Bài tập 1 - "Phân biệt các hướng tiếp cận Process-Oriented, Data-Oriented, Architecture-Oriented, các điểm mạnh và yếu của từng hướng tiếp cận"; Bài tập 2 - "Tổng kết và hệ thống lại các mô hình SDLC Mô hình thác nước, Mô hình sử dụng lại, Mô hình Spiral, Mô hình Evolutionary, Mô hình RUP.

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  • Drawing may be described as an evolutionary process that is fundamental to communicating ideas. This is also true of fashion drawing, with its distinctive nuances and associations with style. The exciting breadth and diversity of what constitutes fashion drawing today is testimony to the creative vision of fashion designers and fashion illustrators alike.

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  • n contrast, the solution is defined by data structures that describe the original problem context indirectly and thus, determine the search space within an evolutionary search (optimization process). There exists the analogy in the nature, where the genotype encodes the phenotype, as well. Consequently, a genotype-phenotype mapping determines how the genotypic representation is mapped to the phenotypic property. In other words, the phenotypic property determines the solution in original problemcontext. ...

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  • Báo cáo Bài tập tuần 1 môn học Phân tích và yêu cầu phần mềm sau đây trình bày ba bài tập lớn, bao gồm: Bài tập 1 - "Phân biệt các hướng tiếp cận Process-Oriented, Data-Oriented, Architecture-Oriented, các điểm mạnh và yếu của từng hướng tiếp cận"; Bài tập 2 - "Tổng kết và hệ thống lại các mô hình SDLC Mô hình thác nước, Mô hình sử dụng lại, Mô hình Spiral, Mô hình Evolutionary, Mô hình RUP.

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  • As was mentioned previously, the times and business priorities are changing at a rapid pace: no longer do organisations aspire to profit for shareholders alone – they are increasingly answerable to other stakeholders. As a result of regulatory and media pressure, in particular, best practice, transparency, open-ness and fair play are needed to be successful and sustainable in business. While traditional concepts still exist and are referred to in this handbook, new meanings are also developing.

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  • The purpose of this book is fairly simple, to introduce and reflect on some of the key writers, ideas, models and approaches in strategic management. Chapter one is brief overview of how strategy got here. Whittington’s work is used to give an overview of different views (or even philosophies) of strategy positioned for us in a framework. We use Whittington’s (2001) model of strategy as our base model. Whittington’s classical, evolutionary, processual and systemic strategy offers us a reference point as well as the underpinning for different ways of dealing with strategy....

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  • Whereas the mechanical performance of plant organs has often been discussed in evolutionary biology [1,2], tree biomechanics has rarely been considered in the context of functional ecology. Functional ecology aims at understanding the functions of organisms that result in fluxes of biomass or energy within an ecosystem, e.g., a forest. This discipline studies the processes controlling these fluxes, at either the scale of an individual, community, or ecosystem, with their response to natural or anthropic environmental variations....

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  • As early as the middle of the 19th century, scientists were beginning to isolate and characterize organic compounds from nature. Modern studies of the nature of natural products, those compounds not involved in primary metabolic processes, began in the 1930s and 1940s. In the decades that followed, scientists began to focus on why organisms produce these compounds.

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  • This book addresses the evolutionary stage of Chemical Engineering and provides an overview to the state of the art and technological advancements. Chemical Engineering applications have always been challenging. Optimization of plausible solutions to problems in economic manner through technology is worth. The script has been designed to enable the reader to access the desired knowledge on fundamentals and advancements in Chemical Engineering in a single text.

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  • What does the next generation network look like? Most network planners have an IP-based answer to that question. The better question is this—what does the next generation network look like at specific points in time: one year, three years, seven years from now, and so on into the future? The answer to that question is fuzzy because migration to the next generation network is an evolutionary process.

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  • A lot of the demand, however went to spectator entertainment, and to reduce bottlenecks and increase revenues, entrepreneurs started to use cinema technology. Consumers reacted favourably to this technology, giving entrepreneurs incentives to develop it further. Using informal comparative growth analysis, the paper finds that, over time, in an evolutionary process, more and more expenditure was moved away from things such as tobacco and alcohol to entertainment expenditure, and within entertainment expenditure, more and more was spent on cinema.

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  • Navigating the migration of circuit switched to packet switched networks is a complex affair. In pursuit of improving overall network efficiency and making advanced data services available, service providers must simultaneously protect existing TDM revenue while investing in new packet-based technologies. The good news is that the circuit switched architecture, which accounts for the bulk of service provider revenues, is highly reliable. The bad news is that this massive centralized processing network is neither fully depreciated nor built for packet switching.

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  • Nature has created numerous elegant living systems, including the human, based on the hierarchical functional units—molecule, cell, tissue, and organ. A living system develops through a long evolutionary process, during which the system undergoes genotypic and phenotypic changes in response to environmental simuli.

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  • The urgent need to ensure the conservation of biological diversity is now widely recognised, but the role of an intellectual property rights regime as an instrument for biodiversity conservation is poorly understood and often hotly debated. This volume is a detailed analysis of the economic and scientific rationales for the use of a property rights-based approach to biodiversity conservation. It discusses the justification for, and implemen- tation of, intellectual property rights regimes as incentive systems to encourage conservation.

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  • Many of the techniques that have been developed have already been used to study the extent and distribution of variation in species gene-pools and to investigate evolutionary and taxonomic relationships among plant populations. With the development of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based techniques, in particular, numerous molecular technologies have been, and still are being, developed, which can be used for the detection, characterization, and evaluation of genetic diversity in plant populations.

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