Evolutionary

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  • With the recent trends towards massive data sets and significant computational power, combined with evolutionary algorithmic advances evolutionary computation is becoming much more relevant to practice. Aim of the book is to present recent improvements, innovative ideas and concepts in a part of a huge EA field.

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  • Evolutionary biology and ecology share the goals of describing variation in natural systems and discovering its functional basis. Within this common framework, evolutionary biologists emphasize historical and lineage-dependent processes and hence often incorporate phylogenetic reconstructions and genetic models in their analyses. Ecologists, while cognizant of historical processes, tend to explain variation in terms of the contemporary effects of biotic and abiotic environmental factors.

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  • How did the mind evolve? How does the human mind differ from the minds of our ancestors, and from the minds of our nearest relatives, the apes? What are the universal features of the human mind, are why are they designed the way they are? If our minds are built by selfish genes, why are we so cooperative? Can the differences between male and female psychology be explained in evolutionary terms?

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  • had great diffi culty fi nding a title for this book. For long, the working title was Genetic Variation and Extinction. However, this title implies a causal and simple relationship between genetic variation and extinction. I do think that the study of genetic variation is extremely important for conservation biology but, as will become apparent while reading the text, I am not as sure that this relationship is as simple and straightforward as I thought when I began this voyage.

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  • This monograph presents findings of a RAND Project AIR FORCE research project documenting lessons learned by the U.S. Air Force (USAF) and other Department of Defense (DoD) cost analysis and acquisition community members from the implementation of evolutionary acquisition (EA) strategies for major Air Force

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  • This book presented techniques and experimental results which have been pursued for the purpose of evolutionary robotics. Evolutionary robotics is a new method for the automatic creation of autonomous robots. When executing tasks by autonomous robots, we can make the robot learn what to do so as to complete the task from interactions with its environment, but not manually pre-program for all situations.

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  • Chapter 20 - Development and evolutionary change. This chapter includes contents: How does a molecular tool kit govern development? How can mutations with large effects change only one part of the body? How can differences among species evolve? How does the environment modulate development? How do developmental genes constrain evolution?

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  • contrast, the solution is defined by data structures that describe the original problem context indirectly and thus, determine the search space within an evolutionary search (optimization process). There exists the analogy in the nature, where the genotype encodes the phenotype, as well. Consequently, a genotype-phenotype mapping determines how the genotypic representation is mapped to the... more

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  • Báo cáo Bài tập tuần môn học Phân tích và yêu cầu phần mềm sau đây trình bày ba bài tập lớn, bao gồm: Bài tập 1 - "Phân biệt các hướng tiếp cận Process-Oriented, Data-Oriented, Architecture-Oriented, các điểm mạnh và yếu của từng hướng tiếp cận"; Bài tập 2 - "Tổng kết và hệ thống lại các mô hình SDLC Mô hình thác nước, Mô hình sử dụng lại, Mô hình Spiral, Mô hình Evolutionary, Mô hình RUP.

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  • n contrast, the solution is defined by data structures that describe the original problem context indirectly and thus, determine the search space within an evolutionary search (optimization process). There exists the analogy in the nature, where the genotype encodes the phenotype, as well. Consequently, a genotype-phenotype mapping determines how the genotypic representation is mapped to the phenotypic property. In other words, the phenotypic property determines the solution in original problemcontext. ...

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  • Báo cáo Bài tập tuần 1 môn học Phân tích và yêu cầu phần mềm sau đây trình bày ba bài tập lớn, bao gồm: Bài tập 1 - "Phân biệt các hướng tiếp cận Process-Oriented, Data-Oriented, Architecture-Oriented, các điểm mạnh và yếu của từng hướng tiếp cận"; Bài tập 2 - "Tổng kết và hệ thống lại các mô hình SDLC Mô hình thác nước, Mô hình sử dụng lại, Mô hình Spiral, Mô hình Evolutionary, Mô hình RUP.

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  • We are programmed to extract meaning from just about everything. I’m no sociobiologist, but I am convinced by abundant evidence that this is part of our genetic endowment—a capability derived from evolutionary advantage. It is not hard to imagine that the cavemen who survived and reproduced were the ones who could most accurately read the opportunities and threats offered by terrain, weather, and other living creatures.

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  • However, in the absence of this tool, the Swiss Army knife may be more suitable as a substitute. For example, to cut a piece of bread the kitchen knife is more suitable, but when traveling the Swiss Army knife is fine. Similarly, when a problemto be solved froma domain where the problem-specific knowledge is absent evolutionary algorithms can be successfully applied. Evolutionary algorithms are easy to implement and often provide adequate solutions.

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  • Whereas the mechanical performance of plant organs has often been discussed in evolutionary biology [1,2], tree biomechanics has rarely been considered in the context of functional ecology. Functional ecology aims at understanding the functions of organisms that result in fluxes of biomass or energy within an ecosystem, e.g., a forest. This discipline studies the processes controlling these fluxes, at either the scale of an individual, community, or ecosystem, with their response to natural or anthropic environmental variations....

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  • This book presents several recent advances on Evolutionary Computation, specially evolution-based optimization methods and hybrid algorithms for several applications, from optimization and learning to pattern recognition and bioinformatics. Concerning evolutionbased optimization methods, this book presents diverse versions of genetic algorithms, genetic programming, and performance studies and analyses, as well as several particle swarm optimizers and hybrid approaches using neural networks and artificial immunological systems for multi-objective optimization....

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  • Evolutionary computation has been widely used in computer science for decades. Even though it started as far back as the 1960s with simulated evolution, the subject is still evolving. During this time, new metaheuristic optimization approaches, like evolutionary algorithms, genetic algorithms, swarm intelligence, etc., were being developed and new fields of usage in artificial intelligence, machine learning, combinatorial and numerical optimization, etc., were being explored.

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  • "It's the animal in us," we often hear when we've been bad. But why not when we're good? Primates and Philosophers tackles this question by exploring the biological foundations of one of humanity's most valued traits: morality. In this provocative book, primatologist Frans de Waal argues that modern-day evolutionary biology takes far too dim a view of the natural world, emphasizing our "selfish" genes. Science has thus exacerbated our reciprocal habits of blaming nature when we act badly and labeling the good things we do as "humane.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Conservation versus variation of dinucleotide frequencies across genomes: Evolutionary implications...

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  • Classical microeconomics is intended to explain how a price system is able to coordinate the economic agents. But even if it can be extended to incomplete information and externalities, it remains grounded on very heroic assumptions. Agents are endowed with a very strong rationality, equilibrium is stated without a concrete process to achieve i

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  • This book follows in the footsteps of two previous efforts—Snakes: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (1987) and Snakes: Ecology and Behavior (1993)—to provide established and new researchers with a current synopsis of snake ecology. In the preface to each of these earlier works, one of us (R. A. S.) admitted that he had erred in assuming that another “Biology of the Serpentes” book was not worth tackling. And after the fi rst two books, we thought that perhaps yet another book was not needed—we were wrong again.

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