In the 40s the first computers were built. The very first models were ‘programmed’ by means of huge connection boards. Soon the program was stored in computer memory, introducing the first programming languages. Because in those days computer use was very expensive, it was obvious to have the programming language resemble the architecture of the computer as close as possible. A computer consists of a central processing unit and a memory. Therefore a program consisted of instructions to modify the memory, executed by the processing unit. With that the imperative programming style arose.
[ Team LiB ] Recipe 2.13 Executing SQL Server User-Defined Scalar Functions Problem Your SQL Server 2000 database includes a user-defined function that returns a scalar value. You want to retrieve the value from this function using ADO.NET.
Chapter 6: Beyond competitive strategy: Other important strategy choices. This chapter includes contents: Strategic alliances and collaborative partnerships, merger and acquisition strategies, vertical integration strategies, outsourcing strategies, using offensive strategies to secure competitive advantage, using defensive strategies to protect the company’s position, strategies for using the internet as a distribution channel, choosing appropriate functional-area strategies, first-mover advantages and disadvantages.
Understanding the High-Functioning Alcoholic represents the untold story of millions
of alcoholics. The goal of this book is to allow society to see that alcoholics
all suffer from the same disease, but that it may manifest in different ways.
The homeless person and the high-powered executive can both be alcoholics—
alcoholism does not differentiate among socioeconomic class, education level,
and appearance. However, because the high-functioning alcoholic (HFA) has
the ability to perform and succeed, the treatment often comes too late or not at
Today’s industrial products, and many public sponsored projects,
show a strong increase in functionality and complexity. Think of automobiles,
mobile phones, personal computers, airplanes, or a space
mission. To ensure success and cope with inherent risks of modern
products, project management and systems engineering have become
indispensable skills for forward-looking enterprises.
Statistical methods for survival data analysis have continued to flourish in the
last two decades. Applications of the methods have been widened from their
historical use in cancer and reliability research to business, criminology,
epidemiology, and social and behavioral sciences. The third edition of Statistical
Methods for Survival Data Analysis is intended to provide a comprehensive
introduction of the most commonly used methods for analyzing survival data.
It begins with basic definitions and interpretations of survival functions....
What is Marketing? Marketing has been defined by the AMA as an organizational function and a set of processes for creating, communicating and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders.
CAPM®: Certified Associate Project Manager; certification offered by PMI; requires less experience than PMP®.
Capability: the functionality of the specified system.
Cause-and-effect diagram: combines brainstorming and concept mapping to identify and consider a range
of causes and impacts relative to a problem; also referred to as a fishbone diagram or an Ishikawa diagram.
VHDL has been at the heart of electronic design productivity since initial
ratification by the IEEE in 1987. For almost 15 years the electronic
design automation industry has expanded the use of VHDL from initial
concept of design documentation, to design implementation and functional
verification. It can be said that VHDL fueled modern synthesis
technology and enabled the development of ASIC semiconductor companies.
The editions of Doug Perry’s books have served as the authoritative
source of practical information on the use of VHDL for users of the
language around the world....
In this chapter, we’ll explain the data structures and algorithms that deal with processes,
threads, and jobs in the Windows operating system. The first section focuses on the internal
structures that make up a process. The second section outlines the steps involved in creating
a process (and its initial thread). The internals of threads and thread scheduling are then
described. The chapter concludes with a description of the job object.
Where relevant performance counters or kernel variables exist, they are mentioned.
Campaign Execution (Model Deployment): Once the model is ready, the next step is
to deploy the model in the current campaign. The model is applied to rank all
potential customers by the predicted probability of belonging to the class initiating
the contact. Only the top x% of the ranked list will receive the promotion (if the
majority of potential customers are contacted, then direct marketing would not differ
much from mass marketing). The selection of an optimal x, i.e. the x that produces
the highest net profit, depends on the (predicted) performance of the model.
If you’re accustomed to using a desktop computer, it may take a little time
to become comfortable using a laptop. Most of the same parts are on the
laptop, but they are in different locations (and are usually a bit smaller).
You also have to get used to a few different functions. This chapter takes a
look at them and gets you ready to use your new machine.
and gait is mostly derived from studies that measured
and reported EF as a composite score [12,18,19]. Relatively
few studies have focused on the age-related deficits
in specific components of executive function and
most of these studies were based on a traditional set of
tests of executive function, without detailing specific
components. The conclusions drawn from these studies
might, therefore, be limited by their methodologies. The
putative executive measures might not load on a single
executive construct, and might overlap with each other
Chemistry comprises two related but distinct activities:(i)the quest for an understanding of matter and material change,(ii)the utilization of material change for human ends.Ideally, thefirst activity provides the necessary know-how for the pursuit of the second, but in practice, the help it can give is only partial, and the second activity has to fall back on trial and error techniques in order to achieve its ends. This means that a good chemist is one who not only has a mastery of chemical theory, but also a good knowledge of chemical facts.
Governance research in accounting exploits the role of
accounting information as a source of credible information
variables that support the existence of enforceable contracts,
such as compensation contracts with payoffs to managers
contingent on realized measures of performance, the
monitoring of managers by boards of directors and outside
investors and regulators, and the exercise of investor rights
granted by existing securities laws. The remainder of Section 3
is organized as follows. Section 3.
SAIs also face widely varying situations regarding the extent of the discretion that they have
in the use of available audit resources. Some have almost total discretion in selecting which
audits to perform and when to perform them. Others are constrained by requirements in law
to perform certain audits, such as an annual audit of the execution of the state budget.
Results may need to be delivered by a specified date that may consume a substantial portion
of the available audit resources, at least during certain periods of the year. Nevertheless, all