Xem 1-19 trên 19 kết quả Existing debts
  • In chapter 20, we examine the major long-term securities issued by firms to provide for their long-term financing needs – long-term debt (bonds), preferred stock, and common stock – and evaluate their features. Also, in the Appendix to this chapter we analyze the potential profitability of a company refunding (replacing) an existing bond issue with a new one.

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  • Chapter 24 Bankruptcy, Reorganization, and Liquidation a. Informal debt restructuring is the agreement between the creditors and troubled firm to change the existing debt terms. An extension postpones the required payment date, while a composition is a reduction in creditor claims.

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  • In one way or another, business activity must be financed. Without finance to support their fixed assets and working capital requirements, businesses could not exist. There are three primary sources of finance for companies: ● a cash surplus from operating activities ● new equity funding ● borrowing from bank and non-bank sources. Non-bank sources are mainly investors in the capital markets who subscribe for bonds and other securities issued by companies.

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  • Whether you’ve fallen behind on your bills, been sued, or even declared bankruptcy, this book can help you take simple and effective steps to repair your credit. As you read, keep in mind these four important points. You’re not alone. Economic ups and downs have affected many people. Disposable incomes are down and savings are evaporating. Millions of honest, hardworking people—the same ones who receive credit offers almost daily—are having problems paying their bills. And more than two million personal bankruptcy cases were filed in 2005....

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  • Whether you’ve fallen behind on your bills, been sued, or even declared bankruptcy, this book can help you take simple and effective steps to repair your credit. As you read, keep in mind these four important points. You’re not alone. Economic ups and downs have affected many people. Disposable incomes are down and savings are evaporating. Millions of honest, hardworking people—the same ones who receive credit offers almost daily—are having problems paying their bills. And

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  • This magnification of credit risk for preferred stocks occurs essentially because of their payoff structure. If the firm is liquidated at a low value, all other debt holders are paid first and only then are the preferred holders paid. This credit risk is not rewarded with participation in the firm’s upside as it is for common equity holders. Hence, when firm value becomes low, preferred stocks are more acutely exposed to credit risk than common stocks holders.

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  • One of our main goals in analysing the flows of corporate credit is to trace the effect of a policy shock, such as the introduction of the CBA on the determinants of these flows. The theoretical literature suggests that policy may have an effect on credit supply and demand in various ways. Thus changes in monetary policy do affect banks’ and firms’ behavior due to the existence of a transmission mechanism through which monetary shocks affect real economic performance.

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  • In this chapter, we examine the major long-term securities issued by firms to provide for their long-term financing needs – long-term debt (bonds), preferred stock, and common stock – and evaluate their features. Also, in the Appendix to this chapter we analyze the potential profitability of a company refunding (replacing) an existing bond issue with a new one.

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  • Despite the fact that some distressed investors have abandoned the market in the last few years as the supply of new defaulted debt has diminished, there still exists an impressive number of investors who specialize in this rather unique asset class. The primary vehicle for investing is a limited partnership, whereby a particular distressed-asset investment manager raises funds from financial institutions and wealthy individuals.

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  • Convertible bonds can be difficult to value, given their hybrid nature of containing elements of both debt and equity. Further complications arise due to the frequent presence of additional options such as callability and puttability, and contractual complexities such as trigger prices and “soft call” provisions, in which the ability of the issuing firm to exercise its option to call is dependent upon the history of its stock price.

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  • Debt settlement companies required consumers to pay an up- front fee to join a debt assistance program that would eliminate the debt for a fraction of the amount owed. Many offered to refund the fee if the customer did not save a specified amount of money. Some groups claiming to be non- profit organizations offered debt counseling services targeting consumers with poor credit histories to help them obtain loans and credit cards or settle debts.

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  • The different implications of high government debt and unsustainable public finances should be reflected in prices for government securities. The existence and implementation of the European fiscal framework should therefore have a twofold effect. First, the credibility of the European fiscal framework and its ability to deter “excessive” deficits and debt in the perception of market participants generally affect future risks associated with liabilities of all member states.

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  • Every author owes debts more numerous than he can mention. Of some, he is barely aware, though they are no less real for that. More troubling are those that run so deeply that they cannot easily if ever be repaid, and certainly not by the bare acknowledgment of their existence. Still, it remains important to mention them, even if the gesture is brief and fleeting. I first became interested in epistemological issues surrounding the law about five years ago, having previously devoted myself to the philosophy of science and applied epistemology....

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  • There are significant advantages to Trichet bonds over other discussed solutions to the sovereign debt problem. One such proposed solution is the issuance of “Euro Bonds” guaranteed by the Eurozone countries or the EU itself for the purpose of redeeming sovereign bonds by market purchases, or by lending the proceeds to the countries involved for them to acquire their debt. Apart from the considerable political obstacles to such a program, the undertaking actually makes it less likely that existing self-interested debt-holders will sell in the market.

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  • The Ecosystem Capital Physical Balance Sheet brings together the physical ecosystem assets (from Table [F1]) and the physical debts or liabilities that the economy contracts to future generation when degrading nature. This concept of physical liability does not exist in the SNA where both financial and non-financial assets are balanced by debts which are all recorded in the financial tables. This practice conforms to the analysis of the economic system.

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  • Advocates of lower statutory tax rates argue that reduced rates would increase economic growth, increase saving and investment, and boost productivity. Skeptics of this view argue that higher tax revenues are necessary for debt reduction, that tax rates on high-income taxpayers are too low (i.e., they violate the “Buffett rule”), and that higher tax rates on high-income taxpayers would moderate increasing income inequality.

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  • In this chapter we explore the principles of both operating leverage and financial leverage. The former is due to fixed operating costs associated with the production of goods or services, whereas the latter is due to the existence of fixed financing costs – in particular, interest on debt. Both types of leverage affect the level and variability of the firm’s after-tax earnings, and hence the firm’s overall risk and return.

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  • The creation of Trichet bonds will result in various advantages both in comparison to the present unstable situation and other proposed solutions. First, the long duration of Trichet bonds will eliminate the immediate crisis caused by short term expiration of significant amounts of debt which is looming over Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and possibly other EU countries. Second, the guarantee of the principal with the zero-coupon ECB bond collateral increases the quality of the Trichet Bonds compared to existing sovereign debt.

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  • Chapter 30 - The basics of finance. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: How to define financial markets and the market for loanable funds? What factors affect supply and demand for loanable funds? What differences exist between debt, equity, and their associated assets?...

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