Data on the market share of the four major bridge construction materials used in the US (reinforced
concrete, prestressed concrete, structural steel, and timber) are summarized in this report. All
bridges carrying public roadways are considered. Data are extracted from the National Bridge
Inventory (NBI) as of December 2003.
An undeniable interest exists in matters about East Asia and its people, customs,
and institutions. This book serves the needs of those who wish to learn how government
works in East Asia—in particular, its public administration and related
public policy processes. The focus here is on the apparatus of government: the
agencies, values, context, and policies within which they operate.
The aim of this book is to examine the public and private roles of the citizen as
a moral agent. We define the moral agent as a person who, rather than merely
behaving in a manner consistent with morality, recognizes morality as a motive
for action. The moral agent not only follows moral principles but also acknowledges
morality as his or her principal.
In developing the notion of the moral agent, we accord a special significance
to public administration.
In response to a request from the National Economic Council, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE)
convened a workshop on 30 April 1999 to assess the potential value of federally sponsored prizes and contests in
advancing science and technology in the public interest. A five-member steering committee1 was appointed by
NAE President Wm. A. Wulf to organize the workshop and prepare a brief summary report to sponsors. Funding
was provided by the National Science Foundation (NSF).
This monograph, based on an empirical study of the public-private partnerships that existed between 2002 and early 2003, offers the first compelling account of a hitherto under-researched phenomenon in higher education provision in South Africa.
This chapter explain why sub-national governments exist at all and compare the merits of fiscal decentralisation and centralisation; describe the Tiebout model; describe the assignment of expenditure functions and revenue sources (tax powers) to the national, provincial, and local spheres of government in South Africa; distinguish between tax competition and tax harmonisation.
Imagine you’re invisible. When others make decisions or offer services, they don’t acknowledge you. Your voice isn’t heard. This invisibility confers upon you two things: an existence where those around you don’t acknowledge your presence or your contributions, and an exis- tence where you can’t find help to solve your challenges and become “un-invisible.”
A free press was born when America was born. It was not handed down or
inherited. The concept of press freedom was deliberately constructed by the framers of our Constitution to instill the spirit of independence as an absolute, crucial ingredient in the creation, existence and survival of a free society.
The Art of Public Speaking an apposite anecdote has saved many a speech from failure. "There is no finer opportunity for the display of tact than in the introduction of witty or humorous stories into a discourse. Wit is keen and like a rapier, piercing deeply, sometimes even to the heart. Humor is good−natured, and does not wound. Wit is founded upon the sudden discovery of an unsuspected relation existing between two ideas. Humor deals with things out of relation−−with the incongruous. It was wit in Douglass Jerrold to retort upon the scowl of a stranger whose shoulder he had...
Virtual Private Networking technology leverages existing infrastructure (the Internet) as a way of building
and enhancing existing connectivity in a secure manner. Based on standard Internet secure protocols, VPN
implementation enables secure links between special types of network nodes: Check Point Security
Gateways. Site to Site VPN ensures secure links between Security Gateways. Remote Access VPN
ensures secure links between Security Gateways and remote access clients.
The discourses and institutions of human rights are contemporary devices for
bringing morality to bear on the harsh realities of political, economic and social life.
These attempts to render the conditions of human existence more tolerable and more
dignified tend to focus mainly on the role of domestic and international law and the
conduct of states and the international institutions that represent them.
Inside The Minds
McDonald’s is known as the world’s best quick-service restaurant experience that makes you smile every time. The fifth element relates to the Architecture that helps you monitor, manage, and lead for success. It’s understanding who defines strategy, who controls the budget, what resources exist, where they are, and who controls them, as well as the processes that are in place. It’s critical to remember that this must be changed often.
For new information to be valuable it must, of course, actually be new information. If
new cost estimation or accounting procedures simply confirm existing beliefs, they have little
likelihood of contributing to changes in decision-making, and thus little likelihood of adding
value. Environmental accounting techniques will be most valuable when they correct beliefs
that are biased or when they focus on issues subject to high degrees of uncertainty.
A focus in much of the environmental accounting literature is on the failure to quantify
environmental benefits and costs.
The first concern with contingency planning is to identify times when the event may place
strains on the existing public safety agencies. Even in the earliest stages of planning, you
should begin also to make contingency plans. These plans should consider licensing and
regulations, emergency response issues, identifying persons responsible for particular types
of hazards and risks, resources and expenses, and jurisdictions. Planning ahead reduces
stress for organizers and promoters during the event, if an incident occurs that requires
public agencies to work together.
The Art of Public Speaking of six weeks ago are dead. We have but one interest now, and that touches the naked heart of every man in this island and in the empire. If we are to win the right for ourselves and for freedom to exist on earth, every man must offer himself for that service and that sacrifice. From these examples it will be seen that the particular way in which the speakers appealed to their hearers was by coming close home to their interests, and by themselves showing emotion−−two very important principles which you must keep constantly...
The IRS will be responsible for enforcing the mandate and collecting fines. By January 31 each year, the agency will receive enrollment information from private insurers and public programs for the previous calendar year; that information will include the name and Social Security number of every person covered by each plan and the dates of coverage. Policyholders will receive similar information from insurers. The exchanges will be required to report to the IRS the name and taxpayer identification number of every person who receives an affordability or hardship exemption.
The success of IFRS as a high-quality set of global accounting standards depends
upon the IASB functioning as a truly independent standard-setting body that
enjoys the confidence of market participants around the world. To assure that
confidence, the IASB needs to have a secure, stable funding mechanism, expert
staffing and appropriate governance structure to ensure the standard-setting
process is free from undue influence from various constituents.
In May 2010, the World Health Assembly (WHA), through
resolution WHA63.14, endorsed a set of recommendations
on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to
children. The main purpose of the recommendations was to
guide efforts by Member States in designing new policies,
or strengthening existing policies, on food marketing
communications to children in order to reduce the impact
of marketing foods high in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids,
free sugars, or salt. Resolution WHA63.
As this article will argue, these archaeological discoveries and the subsequent
displays arising from them provided a new visual and material culture of archaeology
that inspired a British re-fashioning both in clothing and identity. The work of
imagining the impact of classical Greek dress – on the body, health, and national
fitness – provoked new ways of considering British civilisation both in relation to the
ancient world and to existing cultures of nationhood in the 1880s.
Inside The Minds
The equity that builds up over time is invaluable in preserving the trust that must exist between a company or brand (or even an individual) and the audiences that are critical to the success of the brand. We have created a variety of other tools that help us work with clients to understand what they must do to create trust with their key constituents. Why is trust so important? We see trust as being a “higher” concept than reputation or image. Trust drives reputation. And image is just one aspect of the dynamic of trust. The critical elements...