In a literature review of DRESCHER-KADEN et al. (1992) including 900 papers published since
1977, residue data about the level of organic pollutants in German sewage sludges were
collected. 332 organic compounds with known or suspected toxic effects have been
detected in sewage sludges, 42 of them regularly, most of them within the range of g/kg to
mg/kg dry matter. Except volatile and easily degradable chemicals, the residue level
increases from raw to digested sludge.
A small part of the absorbed light energy in the
photosynthesis process is lost during the migration from the pigment antenna to the
reaction centers and are dissipated by a number of non-photochemical processes, including
heat, and re-emission of a small but easily detectable amount (2-5% in vivo) of the absorbed
radiation. This re-emission occurs at longer wavelengths in the red and far-red spectral
regions and is termed as Chlorophyll Fluorescence (ChlF) (Shreiber, 1983; Backer &
Bronchiolitis. Bronchiolitis occurs predominantly in the first
year of life and with decreasing frequency in the second and
third years. The clinical features are rapid breathing and lower
chest wall indrawing, fever in one-third of cases, and wheezing
(Cherian and others 1990). Inflammatory obstruction of the
small airways, which leads to hyperinflation of the lungs, and
collapse of segments of the lung occur. Because the signs and
symptoms are also characteristic of pneumonia, health workers
may find differentiating between bronchiolitis and pneumonia
Smear microscopy and culture forms the backbone of tuberculosis (TB) laboratory investigations in tertiary healthcare facilities which have a large number of cases and financial constraints. The present study aimed to re-evaluate the efficiency of smear microscopy and culture on Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) medium for acid fast bacilli (AFB) isolated from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. 210 samples were processed for detection of AFB by Ziehl Neelsen (ZN) staining. Concentration method of N-acetly-L-cystein-NaOH was used and the samples were isolated on LJ medium. AFB was seen in 168 (80.
This paper studies the problem of identifying erroneous/correct sentences. The problem has important applications, e.g., providing feedback for writers of English as a Second Language, controlling the quality of parallel bilingual sentences mined from the Web, and evaluating machine translation results. In this paper, we propose a new approach to detecting erroneous sentences by integrating pattern discovery with supervised learning models. Experimental results show that our techniques are promising. ...
This paper proposes a supervised learning method for detecting a semantic relation between a given pair of named entities, which may be located in different sentences. The method employs newly introduced contextual features based on centering theory as well as conventional syntactic and word-based features. These features are organized as a tree structure and are fed into a boosting-based classiﬁcation algorithm. Experimental results show the proposed method outperformed prior methods, and increased precision and recall by 4.4% and 6.7%. ...
Link detection has been regarded as a core technology for the Topic Detection and Tracking tasks of new event detection. In this paper we formulate story link detection and new event detection as information retrieval task and hypothesize on the impact of precision and recall on both systems. Motivated by these arguments, we introduce a number of new performance enhancing techniques including part of speech tagging, new similarity measures and expanded stop lists. Experimental results validate our hypothesis. ...
Bacterial biofilms are regarded to be the primary aetiological factor in the initiation of
gingival inflammation and subsequent destruction of periodontal tissues (Offenbacher 1996)
and three major specific pathogens have been repeatedly identified as etiologic agents,
namely Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), Porphyromonas gingivalis
(Pg) and Tannerella forsythia (Tf) (Socransky et al. 1998).
This study uses what Cresswell (2003) refers to as a ‘mixed methods approach’, one that combines
quantitative and qualitative data collection and a ‘sequential explanatory strategy’ in which the
collection and analysis of the quantitative data is followed by the collection and analysis of the
qualitative data (p 215).
This book focuses on the basic electrochemical applications of DNA in various areas, from basic principles to the most recent discoveries. The book comprises theoretical and experimental analysis of various properties of nucleic acids, research methods, and some promising applications.
A study to measure indoor concentrations and emission rates of volatile organic compounds
(VOCs), including formaldehyde, was conducted in a new, unoccupied manufactured house
installed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) campus. The house was
instrumented to continuously monitor indoor temperature and relative humidity, heating and air
conditioning system operation, and outdoor weather. It also was equipped with an automated
tracer gas injection and detection system to estimate air change rates every 2 h.
Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) has been an important research area in
last decade. When the robot has become increasingly more flexible, they were
useful in a variety of robot and human applications are expected in
teract very closely. Therefore becomes necessary to understand the nature
human-computer interaction to information tools and techniques can be developed to
allows humans and robots to work together seamlessly, strong and natural.
Research on human-machine interaction are diverse and include a variety of topics....
The Terrorism Risk Insurance Extension Act of 2005 requires the President’s
Working Group on Financial Markets (PWG) to perform an analysis regarding the long-
term availability and affordability of insurance for terrorism risk, including group life
coverage; and coverage for chemical, nuclear, biological, and radiological events; and to
submit a report of its findings to Congress by September 30, 2006.
We utilize a longitudinal survey of registrants for the Graduate Management Admissions Test
(GMAT) to estimate the economic returns to an MBA. The GMAT exam, an admissions requirement
for most MBA programs, is similar to the SAT for undergraduates without the competition from
the ACT. The survey, sponsored by the Graduate Management Admissions Council (GMAC), was
administered in four waves, beginning in 1990 and ending in 1998.
14 In addition, survey responses
were linked to GMAC’s registration and test data, which includes personal background information
and GMAT scores.
DNA chips are gaining increasing importance in different fields ranging from
medicine to analytical chemistry with applications in the latter in food safety
and food quality issues as well as in environmental protection. In the medical
field, DNA chips are frequently used in arrays for gene expression studies (e.g.
Past analysis has shown that certain types of fraud or money laundering may be
recorded and/or initiated in one location, but take place in another. Suspected fraud
or money laundering through insurance company products is primarily detected
after the fact. Insurance companies may offer their products through a number of
distribution channels in a number of states, however the processing unit and service
center is generally centralized in one location.
‘Professions’ have been subject to a variety of theoretical schema that attempt to
identify their unique characteristics or traits: the features that can be regarded as the basis for
the discrimination between forms of occupational organization and control that are
professional and those that are not (Saks, 1983; Abbott, 1988). This elaboration of the
essential traits of professions is more than a professional discourse.
No matter what export markets and outlets you target, in this day and age you must be
visible to consumers online. Having your own website is valuable whether you are
selling your products directly from your own site or just linking your website to the sites
where your products are available for purchase. (E.g. your distributor, retail shops or
catalogs that carry your products.) If you do not have the capacity to sell products from
your own website, concentrate on a few good web pages that tell your products’ stories
using compelling pictures.
Two questions are addressed: why cinema technology was
introduced in the mid-1890s rather than earlier or later; and why cinema-
going became popular only with a lag – a decade after the technology
was available. Both issues can potentially be affected by changes in
supply or changes in demand.
These issues are worthwhile to examine, because they can help us
get insight into how new consumer goods and services emerge, how the
process works by which certain new goods become successful and are
widely adopted while others will disappear and are forgotten forever.
High distribution uniformity and low application rate, at
frequent irrigation cycles, provide maximum control and
monitoring of the wetted and aerated soil profile, which is
essential for the shallow root system of the lettuce.
Low application rate (3-5 mm/h): allows optimal absorption
of water into the soil with no run-off, even on slopes.
Low droplet impact: preserves soil structure and prevents
crust formation to allow perfect germination and development.