Xem 1-20 trên 52 kết quả Expressions with text
  • The interpretation of temporal expressions in text is an important constituent task for many practical natural language processing tasks, including question-answering, information extraction and text summarisation. Although temporal expressions have long been studied in the research literature, it is only more recently, with the impetus provided by exercises like the ACE Program, that attention has been directed to broad-coverage, implemented systems. In this paper, we describe our approach to intermediate semantic representations in the interpretation of temporal expressions. ...

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  • a new sentence realization framework for text-to-text applications. This framework uses IDL-expressions as a representation formalism, and a generation mechanism based on algorithms for intersecting IDL-expressions with probabilistic language models. We present both theoretical and empirical results concerning the correctness and efficiency of these algorithms.

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  • This study employs a knowledge intensive corpus analysis to identify the elements of the communicative context which can be used to determine the appropriate lexical and grammatical form of instructional texts. IMAGENE, an instructional text generation system based on this analysis: is presented, particularly with reference to its expression of precondition relations. INTRODUCTION Technical writers routinely employ a range of forms of expression for precondition expressions in instructional text.

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  • This book—which can be used alone, along with another writing-skills text of your choice, or in combination with the LeamiiigExpress publication. Writing Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day—will give you practice dealing with capitalization, punctuation, basic grammar, sentence structure, organization, paragraph development, and essay writing.

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  • Learning Tech/Coding Care Package put together by Juvoni Beckford. Aimed to Give Non-Technical and Technical people a resource to learn how to code, better understand technology and have an outline to gain some additional skill sets. Inspired to put together by endless links collecting dust, with many people unaware of some great links/resources that exist.Part of an Effort to Increase Technical Awareness and Competency at Fordham University and elsewhere.

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  • If you are working alone to review the basics or prepare for a test in connection with a job or school, you will probably want to use this book in combination with a basic grammar and usage text or with Writing Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day. If you're fairly sure of your basic language-mechanics skills, however, you can use 501 Grammar and Writing Questions by itself.

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  • This book will work well in combination with almost any basic grammar and usage text. You will probably find it most helpful to give students a brief lesson in the particular operation they'll be learning—capitalization, punctuation, subject-verb agreement, pronoun agreement, sentence structure, style—and then have them spend the remainder of the session actually answering the questions in the sets.

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  • If you’re a programmer new to regular expressions, this easy-to-follow guide is a great place to start. You’ll learn the fundamentals step-by-step with the help of numerous examples, discovering first-hand how to match, extract, and transform text by matching specific words, characters, and patterns. Regular expressions are an essential part of a programmer’s toolkit, available in various Unix utlilities as well as programming languages such as Perl, Java, JavaScript, and C#.

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  • The possibilities for data mining from large text collections are virtually untapped. Text expresses a vast, rich range of information, but encodes this information in a form that is difficult to decipher automatically. Perhaps for this reason, there has been little work in text data mining to date, and most people who have talked about it have either conflated it with information access or have not made use of text directly to discover heretofore unknown information.

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  • A final design criteria was that the API should be cor- rect, in that events should only be reported if they are applicable. Consider the case where a packet arrives on a socket, in turn generating an event. However, before the application is notified of this pending event, it per- forms a close() on the socket. Since the socket is no longer open, the event should not be delivered to the ap- plication, as it is no longer relevant.

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  • This study aims at identifying when an event written in text occurs. In particular, we classify a sentence for an event into four time-slots; morning, daytime, evening, and night. To realize our goal, we focus on expressions associated with time-slot (time-associated words). However, listing up all the time-associated words is impractical, because there are numerous time-associated expressions.

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  • “Lightweight” semantic annotation of text calls for a simple representation, ideally without requiring a semantic lexicon to achieve good coverage in the language and domain. In this paper, we repurpose WordNet’s supersense tags for annotation, developing specific guidelines for nominal expressions and applying them to Arabic Wikipedia articles in four topical domains.

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  • We present an unsupervised learning algorithm that mines large text corpora for patterns that express implicit semantic relations. For a given input word pair X : Y with some unspecified semantic relations, the corresponding output list of patterns P1 , , Pm is ranked according to how well each pattern Pi expresses the relations between X and Y . For example, given X = ostrich and Y = bird , the two highest ranking output patterns are “X is the largest Y” and “Y such as the X”.

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  • The noisy channel model approach is successfully applied to various natural language processing tasks. Currently the main research focus of this approach is adaptation methods, how to capture characteristics of words and expressions in a target domain given example sentences in that domain. As a solution we describe a method enlarging the vocabulary of a language model to an almost infinite size and capturing their context information.

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  • A Microsoft Access query is a question about the information stored in Access tables. Your query can be a simple question about data in a single table, or it can be a more complex question about information stored in several tables. After run query, Microsoft Access returns only the information you requested.

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  • 501 Vocabulary Questions A rich vocabulary is both a great asset and a great joy. When you have an extensive vocabulary, you can provide precise, vivid descriptions; you can speak more fluently and with more confidence; you can understand more of what you read; and you can read more sophisticated texts. A good vocab- ulary can enrich your personal life, help you achieve academic success, and give you an edge over others in the workplace.

    pdf222p chipmoon 25-08-2012 532 389   Download

  • The guild line how to use Microsoft Publisher.Visibooks™ makes every effort to ensure that the information in this book is accurate. However, Visibooks™ makes no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the accuracy, quality, reliability, or freedom from error of this document or the products described in it. Visibooks™ makes no representation or warranty with respect to this book’s contents, and specifically disclaims any implied warranties or fitness for any particular purpose. Visibooks™ disclaims all liability for any direct, indirect,...

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  • Our book is the collective effort of six economists with a great deal of help from their colleagues, teachers, families, and friends and, of course, the publisher (we especially thank Elizabeth Wald at Blackwell). As originally conceived, the book was to have only two authors (Quentin and Rob), but as the scope of the text expanded so did the need to bring in additional expert- ise for the chapters on non-market valuation (Vic), water (Steven), trade and biodiversity (Diane), and forestry and the global commons (Harry).

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  • Popularly known as “the Llama,” Learning Perl is the book most programmers rely on to get started with this versatile language. The bestselling Perl tutorial since it was first published in 1993, this sixth edition includes recent changes to the language up to Perl 5.14. This book reflects the combined experience of its authors, who have taught Perl at Stonehenge Consulting since 1991. Years of classroom testing and experience helped shape the book’s pace and scope, and this edition is packed with exercises that let you practice the concepts while you follow the text. ...

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  • Learning the vi Editor is a complete guide to text editing with vi. Topics new to the sixth edition include multiscreen editing and coverage of four viclones: vim, elvis, nvi, and vile and their enhancements to vi, such as multi-window editing, GUI interfaces, extended regular expressions, and enhancements for programmers. A new appendix describes vi's place in the Unix and Internet cultures. Quickly learn the basics of editing, cursor movement, and global search and replacement. Then take advantage of the more subtle power of vi.

    pdf295p ken333 14-06-2012 24 4   Download

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