Xem 1-20 trên 33 kết quả External influences
  • Chapter 2 - The external and internal environments. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Describe how environmental forces influence organizations and how organizations can influence their environments, distinguish between the macroenvironment and the competitive environment, explain why managers and organizations should attend to economic and social developments,...

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  • This third edition takes as its theme ‘increasing harmonization in financial statements; mixed comparability and diversity in assurance and corporate reporting’. January 2005 marked a significant stage in the move towards acceptance of international financial reporting standards (IFRS) as the basis for harmonizing financial statements. It was the date from which listed companies in member states of the European Union (EU) were required to apply IFRS in their consolidated financial statements, in place of the accounting standards of their home countries.

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  • Gyroscopic precession is a key factor involved in the concept of operation for the north-seeking gyrocompass, as will be discussed later. Friction in the support bearings, external influences, and small imbalances inherent in the construction of the rotor cause even the best mechanical gyros to drift with time. Typical systems employed in inertial navigation packages by the commercial airline industry may drift about 0.1 during a 6-hour flight [Martin, 1986]. 2.1.

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  • Nearly one million weekly listeners trust NPR's Brooke Gladstone to guide them through the distortions and complexities of the modern media. This brilliant radio personality now bursts onto the page as an illustrated character in vivid comics drawn by acclaimed artist Josh Neufeld. The cartoon of Brooke conducts the reader through two millennia of history-from the newspapers in Caesar's Rome to the penny press of the American Revolution and the manipulations of contemporary journalism.

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  • 9 Cooling and freezing General information The storage life of fish or meat, or of a fish or meat product, depends on the acidity and water content of the product. External influences such as oxygen (from the air), micro-organisms, storage temperature, light and water secretion

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  • Radiotherapy, also referred to as radiation therapy, radiation oncology or therapeutic radiology, is one of the three principal modalities used in the treatment of malignant disease (cancer), the other two being surgery and chemotherapy.

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  • As a creative director, business owner or manager of a creative team, the chances are you already coach your people to an extent - and you may be better at it than you realise. But there's also a fair chance that you have received little support in developing your people management skills. In the creative industries, so much attention is lavished on creative ‘talent’ and the products of creativity that vital aspects of the creative process are often overlooked.

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  • Comparative constitutional law is a newly energized field in the early 21st century. Never before has the field had such a broad range of interdisciplinary interest, with lawyers, political scientists, sociologists and even economists making contributions to our collective understanding of how constitutions are formed and how they operate. Never before has there been such demand from courts, lawyers and constitution-makers in a wide range of countries for comparative legal analysis.

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  • As the concept and practice of Total Quality Management (TQM) has evolved over the past decade, a number of external influences have appeared. Of these, the most notable are registrations and certifications to international standards and quality awards offered by local,national, and international bodies. It is interesting to

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  • Prof. Wang is studying how bone cells sense external mechanical forces, which allows living bone tissue to adapt to its mechanical usage. With the absence of mechanical stimulation (such as the microgravity for astronauts) and loss of sensitivities of detecting the loads (such as during aging), bone mass decreases and bone structure degenerates, eventually leading to bone fracture. recent studies have found that osteocytes—the most abundant cells buried inside the mineralized matrix—serve as sensors that orchestrate bone adaptation....

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  • External environment: Everything outside an organisation that might affect it. –General environment: Broad dimensions/forces in an organisation’s surroundings, creating its overall context. –Task environment: Specific organisations or groups that affect the organisation. •Internal environment: The conditions and forces within an organisation.Political-legal dimension •Economic dimension •Socio-cultural dimension •Technological dimension •International dimension •Impacts are vague, imprecise and long term. •Cannot be influenced by organisations....

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  • Phytochemistry is a broad area, generally termed ‘‘plant chemistry.’’ Investigations in the field of phytochemistry are important for numerous research disciplines, such as plant physiology, plant biochemistry, chemosystematics (which is often referred to as chemotaxonomy), plant biotechnology, and pharmacognosy. Plant physiology focuses on the life processes occurring in plants. Especially important are the investigations on the influence of various external factors, such as ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) radiation, temperature, the nature of soil, the climate, etc.

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  • In response to various pressures, businesses have begun to report externally on their environmental policy and performance. The significance of such external reporting depends on the extent of changes in management culture and systems and on how new measures influence management decisions. The 'greening of accountancy' involves a reappraisal of how to identify and measure the relevant costs of processes and products (such as 'Total Cost Assessment') and a redesign of incentive mechanisms.

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  • Choosing the right theoretical lens. In order to answer the articulated research questions, this dissertation will build on neo-institutional theory (Meyer and Rowan, 1977; DiMaggio and Powell, 1983; Zucker, 1987; Scott, 1987b; DiMaggio and Powell, 1991). We will refer to the institutional environment, its generation and mode of action. Hereby, we use regulative, nor- mative, and cognitive institutions (Scott, 1995) to explain the influence of regulatory actors on strategy formation.

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  • The North Carolina Solar Center at NC State University, in collaboration with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, examined 10 state financial-incentive programs in six states using a case-study approach in order to clarify the key factors—both internal and external to the program—that influence their effectiveness at stimulating deployment of renewable energy technologies. While existing information resources such as the National Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE, www.dsireusa.

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  • In many industries, including telecommunications, transportation, and energy as well as chemicals and food and beverages, firm performance and success largely depend on external factors. The main levers for profitability in those industries are heavily influenced by regula- tory actors who impact strategic choices of corporate management.

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  • Many countries around the world are partly prefunding their otherwise pay-as-you-go (PAYG) financed social security systems by establishing or further developing existing public pension reserve funds (PPRFs). Most OECD countries have put in place internal and external governance mechanisms and investment controls to ensure the sound management of these funds and better isolate them from undue political influence. These structures and mechanisms are in line with OECD standards of good pension fund governance and investment management.

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  • For middle-aged people, disability is defined in terms of ability to work or do housework. For children, disability is the inability to participate in mainstream education. An important difference between functioning loss and disability is the potential influence of the external environment. Although in practice it may sometimes be difficult to clearly separate the two concepts, functioning loss is defined as a functioning deficit in an individual; disability on the other hand is an inability to perform within the environment.

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  • A stakeholder is an individual or a group that has an interest in the program, its outcomes or benefits. Stakeholder engagement is the process of identifying and communicating effectively with those people or groups who have an interest or influence on the project’s outcome. Effective communication with key stakeholders, both internal and external, is essential to the program’s success. The development of the Stakeholder Engagement Strategy addresses the vital role of engaging, informing and managing stakeholders in the achievement of public policy.

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  • The selection of neo-institutional theory as theoretical lens for the dissertation rests on several arguments. 3 First, the theory bears significant potential to generate fresh insights into the strategy formation process (Mintzberg and Lampel, 1999; Hensmans, 2003). Second, it con- ceptualizes very well the environment, its actors, its creation, and its internal functioning (Scott, 2001).

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