Empowerment is the increase of individual and
collective power of people and social groups in
interpersonal relations and institutions, especially those
submitted to relations of oppression and social
domination(8). As such, empowerment will have the
primary purpose of helping people and communities to
become more independent, generating self-confidence and
sense of governance.
One can associate empowerment to health gains, as
one recognizes that its absence is a risk factor for falling
In this paper we propose a new, information-based approach for
modelling the dynamic evolution of a portfolio of credit risky securities. In our
setup market prices of traded credit derivatives are given by the solution of a
nonlinear filtering problem. The innovations approach to nonlinear filtering is
used to solve this problem and to derive the dynamics of market prices. Moreover,
the practical application of the model is discussed: we analyse calibration,
the pricing of exotic credit derivatives and the computation of risk-minimizing
Enhanced Business Reporting is comprised of voluntary, globally
recognized guidelines for providing richer disclosure of business
information, allowing companies to better communicate current and
expected performance while giving the investment community and
other stakeholders the information they need to make better decisions.
This includes financial statements, key performance indicators based
on industry-specific definitions, and company-specific information
about strategy, plans, opportunities and risks....
From the privacy perspective therefore it would be a far better position for users if there were no
default settings upon sign-up. A user then would be asked via a process what their broad
preferences are with settings that reflect such broad preferences and a consequent ability for the
user to refine those settings all of which should be available from one place. This Office has no
difficulty with FB-I expressing its position as to what it believes a person should select to gain the
greatest experience from the site but we do...
Healthcare professionals should offer radical prostatectomy or radical radiotherapy (conformal)
to men with intermediate-risk localised prostate cancer.
Healthcare professionals should offer radical prostatectomy or radical radiotherapy (conformal)
to men with high-risk localised prostate cancer where there is a realistic prospect of long-term
disease control (see recommendations in Chapter 6).
Brachytherapy is not recommended for men with high-risk localised prostate cancer.
Different studies reported 2-14 times higher risk of TB for the healthcare workers
than the general populations. This poses a serious challenge to the healthcare
workers involved in TB control worldwide. BRAC has been using services of
thousands of community-based health workers (CHW) known as shasthya shebikas
for TB control all over the country. Their continuous exposure to infectious pulmonary
TB (PTB) patients might have increased the risk of disease transmission.
Information about climate1 is used to make decisions every day. From farmers deciding
which crops to plant next season to mayors in large cities deciding how to prepare for future heat
waves, and from an insurance company assessing future flood risks to a national security planner
assessing future conflict risks from the impacts of drought, users of climate information span a
vast array of sectors in both the public and private spheres. Each of these communities has
different needs for climate data, with different time horizons (see Box 1) and different tolerances
In the past, environmental goods and services were seen as having limited economic importance.
Now, environmental issues and activities pervade every aspect of our economic life and performance
and are subject to challenging national and international targets, strict monitoring regimes and
ongoing discussion and debate in the media. As understanding of environmental challenges has
grown, so too has appreciation of the size of the market and the associated business opportunities.
This means that services which could potentially fall within the remit of both insurance
schemes tend to be shifted to the LTC insurance because this is much cheaper. Secondly,
although the revenues and costs of all the German health funds are equalized to take account
of their respective member structures (age, gender) (Strukturausgleich), this is not the case for
the revenues and costs of the LTC funds. This leads to a high disincentive for the LTC funds
to minimize their costs.
Our primary motivation for improving the health of women is our concern with their well-being. But the health of
women and adolescent girls is intimately linked to the health of their own children and future generations. Because
of their roles in child-rearing, such as providing and seeking care, and managing water and nutrition, women play a
crucial role in providing access to health services and health-related knowledge for their families and communities.
From 2002 to 2007, remittances to developing
countries increased by 107 per cent (table 3). Much
of this increase occurred in low- and middle-income
countries. In 2005 it was estimated that
approximately 500 million people (8 per cent of the
world’s population) were benefiting from remittances.
Latin America and the Caribbean, East Asia and the
Pacific, and South Asia obtain the largest shares of
international remittances. According to 2007
estimates, these regions received, respectively,
25, 24 and 18 per cent of all official international
remittances to developing countries.
The European Commission is expected to finalise the bulk
of the AIFMD level 2 implementing measures in the second
trimester of 2012. Then the onus will be on the Luxembourg
lawmakers to push ahead in the remaining months of 2012
to draft the new legal texts required to transpose the EU
framework into local law. The ultimate deadline to transpose
the AIFMD is July 2013.
Some genres have specific stylistic characteristics or employ techniques that are a key way of
generating suspense or fear. Point-of-view is one of the principal techniques of the horror genre
(for example, the sequence of the serial killer stalking Jodie Foster in Silence of the Lambs in Lesson
1). This extract from Halloween is one of the most famous examples of the use of point-of-view in
film with the movie beginning with the point-of-view of an anonymous murderer as he stalks and
kills a victim and then the camera draws back at the end of the scene to deliver...
This paper gives insights into the BA segment with a special focus on Germany. First we introduce
the concept of BA financing. In a second step we analyse the BA market in Germany. We
conclude that there is a significant excess demand for early stage financing. In the third part of this
paper we explain, how the EIF aims to address this by providing a flexible and timely support to
the BAs market through establishing an intermediation infrastructure to efficiently leverage this
To date, most mutual fund performance evaluations have been fairly simplistic: how has a fund
performed relative to “the market”? The Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index is usually used as a proxy for
the market, despite the fact that it accounts for only about 70% of the capitalization of the U.S. stock market
and is dominated by corporations with gigantic market capitalizations. (Its largest 25 stocks account, on
average, for 1% of the entire market; the 6500 “non-500” stocks in the market have an average weight of
4/1000 of 1%.) But today, many funds resemble...
You may be asked to choose between a “tax-qualified” long-term care
insurance policy and one that is “non-tax-qualified.” There are important
differences between the two types of policies. These differences were
created by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
A federally tax-qualified long-term care insurance policy, or a qualified
policy, offers certain federal income tax advantages. If you have a qualified
long-term care policy and you itemize your deductions, you may be able to
deduct part or all of the premium you pay for the policy.
The number of alerts the Threat Analyzer can display has a direct correlation to your
system's memory. Since you can access the Central Manager from the local host or a
remote connection, this depends on the machine used for the Central Manager logon. The
memory overhead for alerts, including the code base and Java virtual machine, is
approximately 1 KB per alert when there are at least 10,000 alerts in the Threat Analyzer
(more KBs when there are fewer alerts). McAfee recommends 1 GB of RAM in your
system which enables you to handle up to 1,000,000 total alerts. If...
Individuals and businesses desire a certain quality from a GI service for which they are willing to
pay a certain amount of money. If that GI service fails to meet the expectations in terms of quality and
price, the service requestor is likely to patronize another provider. The availability of gradually
differentiated quality versions of a GI service offered by a provider as a GI service product line
enforces the user to self-select the price-quality combination that satisfies her or his needs.
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With nearly one billion online videos viewed everyday,
an emerging new frontier in computer vision research is
recognition and search in video. While much effort has
been devoted to the collection and annotation of large scal-
able static image datasets containing thousands of image
categories, human action datasets lag far behind. Cur-
rent action recognition databases contain on the order of
ten different action categories collected under fairly con-