Extinction risk

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  • Empowerment is the increase of individual and collective power of people and social groups in interpersonal relations and institutions, especially those submitted to relations of oppression and social domination(8). As such, empowerment will have the primary purpose of helping people and communities to become more independent, generating self-confidence and sense of governance. One can associate empowerment to health gains, as one recognizes that its absence is a risk factor for falling ill(9).

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  • In this paper we propose a new, information-based approach for modelling the dynamic evolution of a portfolio of credit risky securities. In our setup market prices of traded credit derivatives are given by the solution of a nonlinear filtering problem. The innovations approach to nonlinear filtering is used to solve this problem and to derive the dynamics of market prices. Moreover, the practical application of the model is discussed: we analyse calibration, the pricing of exotic credit derivatives and the computation of risk-minimizing hedging strategies.

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  • Enhanced Business Reporting is comprised of voluntary, globally recognized guidelines for providing richer disclosure of business information, allowing companies to better communicate current and expected performance while giving the investment community and other stakeholders the information they need to make better decisions. This includes financial statements, key performance indicators based on industry-specific definitions, and company-specific information about strategy, plans, opportunities and risks....

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  • From the privacy perspective therefore it would be a far better position for users if there were no default settings upon sign-up. A user then would be asked via a process what their broad preferences are with settings that reflect such broad preferences and a consequent ability for the user to refine those settings all of which should be available from one place. This Office has no difficulty with FB-I expressing its position as to what it believes a person should select to gain the greatest experience from the site but we do...

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  • Healthcare professionals should offer radical prostatectomy or radical radiotherapy (conformal) to men with intermediate-risk localised prostate cancer. Healthcare professionals should offer radical prostatectomy or radical radiotherapy (conformal) to men with high-risk localised prostate cancer where there is a realistic prospect of long-term disease control (see recommendations in Chapter 6). Brachytherapy is not recommended for men with high-risk localised prostate cancer.

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  • Different studies reported 2-14 times higher risk of TB for the healthcare workers than the general populations. This poses a serious challenge to the healthcare workers involved in TB control worldwide. BRAC has been using services of thousands of community-based health workers (CHW) known as shasthya shebikas for TB control all over the country. Their continuous exposure to infectious pulmonary TB (PTB) patients might have increased the risk of disease transmission.

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  • Information about climate1 is used to make decisions every day. From farmers deciding which crops to plant next season to mayors in large cities deciding how to prepare for future heat waves, and from an insurance company assessing future flood risks to a national security planner assessing future conflict risks from the impacts of drought, users of climate information span a vast array of sectors in both the public and private spheres. Each of these communities has different needs for climate data, with different time horizons (see Box 1) and different tolerances for uncertainty...

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  • In  the  past,  environmental  goods  and  services were  seen  as  having  limited  economic  importance.  Now, environmental issues and activities pervade every aspect of our economic life and performance  and  are  subject  to  challenging  national  and  international  targets,  strict  monitoring  regimes  and  ongoing  discussion  and  debate  in  the  media.  As  understanding  of  environmental  challenges  has  grown, so too has appreciation of the size of the market and the associated business opportunities.

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  • This means that services which could potentially fall within the remit of both insurance schemes tend to be shifted to the LTC insurance because this is much cheaper. Secondly, although the revenues and costs of all the German health funds are equalized to take account of their respective member structures (age, gender) (Strukturausgleich), this is not the case for the revenues and costs of the LTC funds. This leads to a high disincentive for the LTC funds to minimize their costs.

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  • Our primary motivation for improving the health of women is our concern with their well-being. But the health of women and adolescent girls is intimately linked to the health of their own children and future generations. Because of their roles in child-rearing, such as providing and seeking care, and managing water and nutrition, women play a crucial role in providing access to health services and health-related knowledge for their families and communities.

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  • From 2002 to 2007, remittances to developing countries increased by 107 per cent (table 3). Much of this increase occurred in low- and middle-income countries. In 2005 it was estimated that approximately 500 million people (8 per cent of the world’s population) were benefiting from remittances. Latin America and the Caribbean, East Asia and the Pacific, and South Asia obtain the largest shares of international remittances. According to 2007 estimates, these regions received, respectively, 25, 24 and 18 per cent of all official international remittances to developing countries.

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  • The European Commission is expected to finalise the bulk of the AIFMD level 2 implementing measures in the second trimester of 2012. Then the onus will be on the Luxembourg lawmakers to push ahead in the remaining months of 2012 to draft the new legal texts required to transpose the EU framework into local law. The ultimate deadline to transpose the AIFMD is July 2013.

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  • Some genres have specific stylistic characteristics or employ techniques that are a key way of generating suspense or fear. Point-of-view is one of the principal techniques of the horror genre (for example, the sequence of the serial killer stalking Jodie Foster in Silence of the Lambs in Lesson 1). This extract from Halloween is one of the most famous examples of the use of point-of-view in film with the movie beginning with the point-of-view of an anonymous murderer as he stalks and kills a victim and then the camera draws back at the end of the scene to deliver...

    pdf14p khanhchilam 01-04-2013 25 5   Download

  • This paper gives insights into the BA segment with a special focus on Germany. First we introduce the concept of BA financing. In a second step we analyse the BA market in Germany. We conclude that there is a significant excess demand for early stage financing. In the third part of this paper we explain, how the EIF aims to address this by providing a flexible and timely support to the BAs market through establishing an intermediation infrastructure to efficiently leverage this investor base.

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  • To date, most mutual fund performance evaluations have been fairly simplistic: how has a fund performed relative to “the market”? The Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index is usually used as a proxy for the market, despite the fact that it accounts for only about 70% of the capitalization of the U.S. stock market and is dominated by corporations with gigantic market capitalizations. (Its largest 25 stocks account, on average, for 1% of the entire market; the 6500 “non-500” stocks in the market have an average weight of 4/1000 of 1%.) But today, many funds resemble...

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  • You may be asked to choose between a “tax-qualified” long-term care insurance policy and one that is “non-tax-qualified.” There are important differences between the two types of policies. These differences were created by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). A federally tax-qualified long-term care insurance policy, or a qualified policy, offers certain federal income tax advantages. If you have a qualified long-term care policy and you itemize your deductions, you may be able to deduct part or all of the premium you pay for the policy.

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  • The number of alerts the Threat Analyzer can display has a direct correlation to your system's memory. Since you can access the Central Manager from the local host or a remote connection, this depends on the machine used for the Central Manager logon. The memory overhead for alerts, including the code base and Java virtual machine, is approximately 1 KB per alert when there are at least 10,000 alerts in the Threat Analyzer (more KBs when there are fewer alerts). McAfee recommends 1 GB of RAM in your system which enables you to handle up to 1,000,000 total alerts. If...

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  • Individuals and businesses desire a certain quality from a GI service for which they are willing to pay a certain amount of money. If that GI service fails to meet the expectations in terms of quality and price, the service requestor is likely to patronize another provider. The availability of gradually differentiated quality versions of a GI service offered by a provider as a GI service product line enforces the user to self-select the price-quality combination that satisfies her or his needs.

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  • With nearly one billion online videos viewed everyday, an emerging new frontier in computer vision research is recognition and search in video. While much effort has been devoted to the collection and annotation of large scal- able static image datasets containing thousands of image categories, human action datasets lag far behind. Cur- rent action recognition databases contain on the order of ten different action categories collected under fairly con- trolled conditions.

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