Extrapulmonary organ involvement in human immunodefiaency virus (HIV)-infected
patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is reported to be 26%, however, the
clinical predictors of extrapulmonary involvement in pulmonary TB patients has not
been reported yet. We tried to determine the clinical predictors of presence of extrapulmonary
involvement in patients with pulmonary TB. Cross-sectional study was
performed including all adult patients with culture-proven pulmonary TB diagnosed
between January 1, 2004 and July 30, 2006, at a tertiary referral hospital in South
Extrapulmonary involvement can occur in isolation or along with a pulmonary focus as in the
case of patients with disseminated tuberculosis (TB). The recent human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic has resulted in changing
epidemiology and has once again brought extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) into focus.
EPTB constitutes about 15 to 20 per cent of all cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients
and accounts for more than 50 per cent of the cases in HIV-positive individuals.
Likewise, Public Private Partnerships (PPP), which leverage private sector
capital to help finance public projects, are increasingly becoming a reality for many
construction firms. And while the scope is smaller than with BIM, the practice is clearly
set to grow. Thirty-seven percent of firms report being involved in public private
partnership projects in 2012 while 97 percent of firms expect the amount of PPP work to
increase or remain constant in 2013. The growth in use of public private partnerships is
likely being driven by tight local, state and federal budgets for...
Four in Five Charities Use Volunteers. Before undertaking
this study, we did not know the proportion of
public charities in the United States that involve volunteers
in their operations. In 2000, approximately 215,000
charities filed Form 990 or 990EZ with the IRS, the
form required of those charities with more than $25,000
in annual gross receipts. We learned that 81 percent of
these charities—or an estimated 174,000 organizations—
use volunteers in one way or another. Many of these
charities are run completely by volunteers.
At subsequent meetings, the planning team should identify all of the major functions and
responsibilities required by the event and assign appropriate agencies to manage each
function or responsibility. Because responsibilities vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, it is
most effective to assign responsibilities consistently to avoid duplication and promote
efficient response to problems that may arise.
This study examines how different types of performance measures were
weighted in a subjective balanced scorecard bonus plan adopted by a major financial
services firm. Drawing upon economic and psychological studies on performance evaluation
and compensation criteria, we develop hypotheses regarding the weights placed
on different types of measures.
Several Oscar shows during the decade presented themed montages by other
filmmakers, on women in cinema (by Lynne Litman), the work of the cinematographer,
and on the activity of going to the movies (by Mike Shapiro and John Bloom respectively,
both uncredited). The 67th show (1995) presented a tribute to comedy that incorporated a
credited Workman montage with a dance number where onstage stars interacted with the
screen. And Workman montages were highlighted in the 70th through 72nd shows (1998-
2000), on Oscar acceptances, “great moments,” and history in film.
A person is disqualified from acting as a member of the audit team if he or
she is an interested party or if confidence in his or her impartiality in relation
to the HEI subject to the audit comes under question. Disqualification is
determined in compliance with the provisions of the Administrative
Procedure Act (434/2003, Chapter 5, sections 27–29). According to good
administrative procedure, a disqualified person may not in any way participate
in the processing or evaluation of a matter.
Successful program management requires managers to plan for and deal with uncertainty, complexity and
ambiguity. Risk management and issue resolution are the vehicles for achieving this. The Government has
decided to strengthen the Cabinet submission and New Policy Proposal process through ensuring a greater
focus on implementation risks.
A risk is an uncertain event or set of event which, should they occur, will have an effect on the achievement of
objectives. These effects might not always be detrimental. A risk can be either a threat (i.e.
The OFT is also bound by the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the FoIA).
Where a person makes a request in accordance with the FoIA the OFT may have
to disclose whether it holds the information sought and the information itself
(including confidential information). The FoIA contains exemptions (including one
which may exempt confidential information) and the OFT will not have to make
those disclosures if an exemption applies. If you consider that any information
you provide may be exempt from such disclosures you should say so and
After its emission or secondary formation, the length of time airborne matter will remain suspended in the
air will depend upon its density, shape and size and meteorological conditions. Suspended particles are
deposited by dry deposition, either by sedimentation and gravitational settling or impaction due to
atmospheric turbulence and diffusion. This latter process is characteristic of particles which undergo
Brownian movement and sizes below 0.1µm.
The good news for increasing wine sales in the casual dining segment is that the US is
presently enjoying the highest per capita wine consumption in twenty years and that the
large segment of young adults (20 to 29 year olds) are showing a real interest in wine.
The challenges are that core wine drinkers make up only 12.5 percent of the overall
adult population and that marginal wine drinkers need to be convinced to drink wine
more frequently and to choose wine over beer or spirits. It is the marginal wine drinker
that is most likely to...
Aesthetic Realism class Mr. Siegel explained what I and many people have gone for: “You get a
value out of thinking you are secret and immune. The question is: How much do you want to be
in relation to things not yourself and to the world?” This is a question for every person, whether
on a frozen tundra, a Brooklyn street, or a university classroom.
One of the most moving aspects of the mask are the two curved hands which reach out
from the sides, as though from the depths within. The gracefully curved fingers give the hands a
yearning quality, a desire to embrace what...
Role of agriculture in economic development. Theories of agricultural development. Economics of
traditional agriculture. Socio-cultural and other institutional constraints. Planning for utilisation of
surplus resources including manpower. Linkages in agriculture. Structural transformation. Review
of agricultural development in U.S.A, Japan, China and India. Planning: India's five year plans. Human
Development Index. Welfare programmes. Globalisation of economies and its impact on Indian
Load new kinds of image files at runtime, such as progressive JPEG images and non-
animated GIF and PNG files. If you load an animated file, the first frame of that animation
appears in the SWF file.
Bitmap caching lets you improve the performance of your applications at runtime by caching
a bitmap representation of your vector button or movie clip instances at runtime. You can use
ActionScript code to access this property or select the instance and then select an option in the
Property inspector to cache the instance.
The worsening capital position of the banks has a number of consequences with
destabilizing feedbacks for financial markets and the real economy. Regulatory
authorities in Germany are forced to close a bank if its core capital quota falls below 4
percent. The threat of imminent bank closures is a source of insecurity for market
participants and isolates the affected banks from capital flows. In addition, banks are
forced to limit the amount of credit they provide if they lack the necessary equity capital.
“…The Audit Commission has lost its way. Rather than being a watchdog that champions taxpayers' interests, it has become the creature of the Whitehall state. We need to redress this balance.”
Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government 13 August 2010
On 13 August, the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government announced our plans to disband the Audit Commission and re-focus audit on helping local people hold their councils and other local public bodies to account for local spending decisions.
We want to drive power downwards to people.
Transactional costs are a large burden for Georgian lenders. Agricultural borrowers live and
farm in remote locations compared to major cities where banks tend to locate branch offices.
When one considers distance and the required routine monitoring of business activities, the
transactional cost for long-term loans is higher than other loan products. In addition to
transactional costs, the bank overhead costs in Georgia are high. According to a recent
World Bank review on the financial sector, overhead costs range between 14-18% of earning
The first unit focuses on the definition of non-ruminant and the examples of animals
classified as ruminants. The second, third and fourth units centers on the different
classes of small ruminants. For each class its origin and domestication has been
discussed. Breeds belonging to each class are described as well as the breeding of
Unit five deals with feeding and breeding management of sheep and goat. The
different houses that can be constructed for sheep and goats as well as the equipment
necessary in a sheep and goat farm. Units 7 and 8 deal...