Family measurement

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  • There has been an exponential growth in the number of techniques for measuring characteristics of the family. Specifically, the first edition covered a thirty-year period and included abstracts of 319 measures. But the second edition, which adds abstracts of instruments published in just a ten-year span, contains 494 additional measures, or a total of 813. Because the number of instruments has more than doubled, it was not possible for the two of us alone to search the hundreds of journals in which these measures appear and to abstract all 494 instruments.

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  • Since President Lyndon Johnson’s declaration of War on Poverty and the passage of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, optimism that had surrounded those measures has faded. The economic, fiscal, and social conditions of the old central cities have declined, while their inner-ghetto areas have become zones of calamity. Their residents are not only living in poverty, but they must also contend with levels of drug use and violence that, although currently in decline, would have seemed inconceivable in the early 1960s.

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  • A sample of 200 consumers was drawn randomly from rural and urban locations in the two main regions of the Eastern Cape, namely the former Transkei homeland area and the former Ciskei homeland area. By means of structured questionnaires, the respondents were interviewed in relation to where they buy their groceries from, the types of foods they bought, their present and future buying patterns, preferred food products, and their reasons for choice of particular food products.

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  • Operating income before depreciation and amortization is defined as income (loss) from operations before depreciation, amortization of intangible assets and amortization of stock compensation expense. We consider operating income before depreciation and amortization to be an important indicator of the operational strength of the Company.

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  • achieve universal primary education (Mdg 2). Gender parity in education is still to be achieved. It is essential because educated girls and women improve prospects for the whole family, helping to break the cycle of poverty. In Africa, for example, children whose mothers have been educated for at least five years are 40% more likely to live beyond the age of five. Schools can serve as a point of contact for women and children, allowing health-related information to be shared, services offered and health literacy promoted. ...

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  • At the beginning, specialists tried to diagnose the stage of periodontal disease depending on the relation between the clinical appearances and the presence of some specific cell populations or specific matrix components (Havemose-Poulsen & Holmstrup, 1997; Romanos et al., 1993).

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  • Bivalves constitute one of the largest groups, in terms of biomass, of filter-feeding organisms in many freshwater ecosystems. Freshwater bivalves have been used in an increasingly diverse array of ecotoxicological applications over the past 30 years. Among the four families of freshwater bivalves, there are sharply differing reasons for their use in ecotoxicological research. The Corbiculidae, Dreissenidae and, to a lesser extent, the Sphaeriidae, have fulfilled the traditional role of ecotoxicological research organisms....

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  • The past three decades have witnessed a steadily increasing awareness of the need to empower women through measures to increase social, economic and political equity, and broader access to fundamental human rights, improvements in nutrition, basic health and education. Along with awareness of the subordinate status of women has come the concept of gender as an overarching socio-cultural variable, seen in relation to other factors, such as race, class, age and ethnicity.

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  • Trends in needing help with such activities as housework or shopping may be due to changes in the physical abilities of the older population, but they may also be related to the availability of help in the house, either familial or paid, the availability of appliances, and the accessibility of transportation (1, 12). However, causes of trends in IADL functioning have not been apportioned to reasons residing in the person and reasons outside the person. The trends in what is termed ADL disability have not been nearly as consistent as those in IADL disability (31).

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  • The variables measuring the independence and financial expertise of the board and audit committees, the CEO’s influence on the board, and data on auditors’ fees were hand collected from the latest proxy statement dated before the announcement date of a restatement. We measure these variables before the restatement announcement because firms may change the structure of their board or audit committee or replace their CEOs after restating their earnings.

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  • In empirical studies of retirement decisions of the elderly, health is often found to have a large, if not dominant, effect. Depending on which health measures are used, these estimated effects may be biased estimates of the causal effect of health on the dependent variable(s).Research indicates that subjective, self-assessed health measures may be affected by endogenous reporting behaviour and even if an objective health measure is used, it is not likely ...

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  • A focus on investments in agriculture, agribusinesses and other areas linked to agriculture. Given the research subject, the identified investment funds have a clear focus on investments in agriculture and/or agribusiness. The funds might therefore target agriculture directly or indirectly (e.g. through investments in MFIs that provide access to finance to smallholders). These funds may be part of a “family of funds” managed by a fund manager.

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  • This conversation is an opportunity to rethink how commitments on gender equality can be anchored in development partnerships with different actors in the context of post-Rio and post-2015. Participants are expected to discuss innovative thinking on how MA must advance conceptually and how gender equality can be anchored at the heart of this discussion.

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  • Besides conducting national censuses, the CBS is a primary source of information for multi-sectoral data in the country. It was in the early nineties that the CBS established a separate Household Survey Section (HSS). This section initiated four small-scale surveys with funding from the GoN. Then a comprehensive survey for Nepal was launched by the CBS in 1995/96 through its multi-topic (consumption, income, housing, labor markets, education, health etc.) national household survey called the Nepal Living Standards Survey (NLSS I) with financial assistance from the World Bank.

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  • There are a number of well-recognized indicators of biological risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and death for which change over some period of time can be determined from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). Collection of some measures began as early as the 1960s, and some are not available until the 1980s. NHANES data show that the percentage of the older population with high cholesterol has decreased since the 1960s, somewhat faster for women than men (60).

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  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS MEASURING INTERNAL STRENGTH: WILDER’S RSI INDICATOR By Wayne A. Thorp Wilder’s relative strength index measures a stock’s price relative to itself over time. Its popularity lies in its versatility in identifying market extremes and illustrating points of divergence that may indicate an approaching reversal of price trend. In his 1978 book, “New Concepts in Technical Trading Systems,” J. Welles Wilder (Trade Research) introduced the relative strength index (RSI).

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  • The level of corporate profits increased in FY 2011, but at a slower pace than in the previous fiscal year. Federal spending grew and tax receipts increased in FY 2011, which resulted in the Federal unified budget deficit remaining essentially flat at $1.3 trillion. However, the deficit narrowed as a share of GDP to 8.7 percent from 9.0 percent in FY 2010. The economy continued to receive significant support during the fiscal year by a wide variety of measures implemented under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act or ARRA). It was also...

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  • The measures administered over the course of the study included both researcher- developed tests and standardized tests of the components of reading described above. The researcher-developed tests included the following: a phonology test and a phonemic segmentation task (phonological awareness); a letter, word, and pseudoword naming task (word reading); and tests of cognate awareness and morphological awareness (word knowledge).

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  • Gold has always fascinated the mankind’s imagination and influenced their urge to possess the same. Gold occupies a pivotal role in the social and economic life of poor and rich alike. In Vietnam, besides the economic and strong social considerations, individuals are highly sentimental about the gold jewellery in their possession, as the gold ornaments are passed on from one generation to another. Acquisition of gold is considered auspicious and necessary for making family ornaments to get a sense of wellbeing in our country.

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  • This paper doesn’t outline how to measure and report social sustainability. This task has already been undertaken by the author and presented elsewhere (see Kimmet and Wikstrom 2005). The much less ambitious objective of shoring up the case for such measurement frameworks is all that’s attempted here. Arguably though, this is at least as important as how to do it, given that many real estate investors will want to evaluate potential investments in their own way once it is clearly understood what social sustainability is, and why it should be taken seriously. ...

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