Specific micronutrient deficiencies may affect maternal and foetal health. Iodine deficiency
during pregnancy may cause foetal brain damage and mental retardation in infants. Vitamin
A deficiency increases the risk in pregnant women of infection and anaemia, may cause
blindness during pregnancy and early lactation, and has been associated to an elevated risk of
HIV mother-to-child transmission. Folate deficiency may cause severe foetal neural tube
defects like anencephaly and spina bifida.
From April 2008 to April 2011, with the support of
grants from the Ford Foundation and the United
Nations Foundation (UNF) /United Nations Fund for
International Partnerships (UNFIP), WHO and UNFPA
developed and delivered a training programme
for their staff entitled “Strengthening capacity of
UNFPA and WHO to advocate for the integration of
sexual and reproductive health issues into national
development planning processes”.
In support of the government's efforts and policies, the World Bank has prepared this
Country Gender Assessment to identify critical areas in which gender-responsive actions
are likely to enhance growth, poverty reduction and human well-being. The extent of
gender discrimination in Afghanistan is pervasive, and the present report focuses on a few
key sectors deemed particularly important for both short and long-term reconstruction.
Gender gaps in Afghanistan are widespread in health, in education, in economic
opportunities and in power and political voice.
Total GHGEs from the food supply can be split by a nominal boundary of the regional distribution
centre (RDC), i.e. primary commodity production and transport to the RDC (pre-RDC) and processing,
transport to retail, storage, preparation and waste (post-RDC), in the ratio of 56:44 (Audsley et al.
2009). It is recognised, however, that this is only a nominal boundary as it is not always clear exactly
where primary production ends and processing begins for different types of food.
Contact between mothers inside prison and their children outside prison may be severely
and/or inappropriately restricted. In some countries, mothers are temporarily separated (such
as by stopping visits) from the children to punish the mother (Robertson, 2008). Children are
a life-sustaining force for many prisoners, and breaking up the bond between the mother and
child is often punishment of the worst kind for the mother (United Nations Office on Drugs
and Crime, 2008) and strongly affects her physical and mental health. It also punishes the
child, who has done nothing wrong. ...
Many people who develop materials try to create something for “everyone.” After all, everyone
needs good information and would probably benefit from knowing what you have to say. In
reality, no one thing is right for everyone. Instead, certain things tend to work best for certain
groups of people. The more narrowly you can define these groups, the closer you will come to
meeting their needs. That is why materials should speak to a particular audience: people who
share similar characteristics and have similar information needs.
Enter the amount of terminal loss relief you are claiming against your
2011–12 profits at box 73 on page SEF 4 or box 15 on the Partnership
pages as a loss brought forward and used this year . This is in addition to any
other losses you are bringing forward from earlier years, but make sure you
do not count the same loss twice. Enter the total amount of terminal loss
relief for 2010–11, 2009–10 or 2008–09 in box 78 on page SEF 4 or box 21
on the Partnership pages and give details of the amount carried back to each
year in the ‘Any other information’...
In spring 2010, the kitchen table room at Tru was transformed into Michigan Avenue’s newest
burger joint called M Burger. Guests could walk up to this affordable burger counter and enjoy
single and double burgers along with the signature “M Burger” topped with bbq sauce, bacon and
secret sauce. In Las Vegas, things were heating up with the opening of El Segundo Sol serving
up their signature tacos and margaritas. As the summer of 2010 came to a close, a second M
Burger opened at 5 W. Ontario Street. Like the first, it was carved out of an existing LEYE...
We continue our investigation of international stock returns with a comprehensive
coverage of the smaller stock exchanges around the world. Panel A of Table 6 lists the
individual results for 18 additional countries, which include most remaining sizable stock
exchanges in the world. The available return series for these countries vary in length,
with the longest series starting in 1971 and the shortest series starting in 1982. An
examination of Panel A reveals that the lunar-cycle effect found for the G-7 countries is
pervasive around the world.
Another scheme, prime bank notes are “fictitious and fraudulent instruments -- not backed or endorsed by
any legitimate financial institution.” In other words, prime bank notes do not exist.
are often marketed using an assortment of vague terms such as debentures, letters of credit, commercial
paper, prime notes, bills of exchange; bank secured trading programs or loan roll programs. The sales
pitch typically includes promises of unrealistic rates of return (e.g.
We all know that keeping a positive attitude can
affect our mental and physical health. So main-
taining a certain amount of calm and acceptance
about your circumstances can set the tone for your
family interactions. If the parent with PD is con-
stantly complaining or embarrassed, kids will pick
up on that and act the same way.
Of course, that’s not to say that you have to keep
everyone’s spirits up all the time. You need to
experience your own emotions and give them
validation. The key is to not get caught up in your
emotions and let them drag you down.
The studies confirmed the glucose-lowering benefits of metformin in combination with all other
available glucose-lowering medications. The widespread use of the previous recommendations in
regard of levels of serum creatinine for reduction and discontinuing therapy was acknowledged.
The complete substitution of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) for serum creatinine is
not possible because of uncertainty surrounding methods of eGFR calculation in many people
with Type 2 diabetes.
The children protection began in 12th and 13th centuries in Aragón and Castilla after the
promulgation of some laws by King Alfonso X “The Wise” of Castilla and King Pedro IV of
Aragón. The first of them, in the law “Fuero Juzgo” sentenced the abortion and the
infanticide. The second of them, King Pedro IV, created the figure of “Judge and Father of
Orphans”, whose mission was to look after children's health, to keep them away of begging
and to lead them to work. There even were centers where children received food and
education. Bernardo Gordonio, in his book ...
Storage of putative stem/progenitor cells is also an attractive research target in tissue
engineering. Collection of cells for tissue engineering is less invasive than conventional
tissue or organ transplantation. However, repetitive collection of cells can stress patients. If
the stem/progenitor cells could be stored, it is possible that they could be repeatedly used
for future therapy, reducing the burden and the cost to patients. The concept of banking
stem/progenitor cells in storage is not new. Stem/progenitor cell populations decrease in
size with age (D'Ippolito et al.
Hollywood submitted to the rigorous oversight of the PCA because the alternatives to
“censorship at the source” were far worse. After all, censorship had been a fact of
creative and commercial life for motion picture producers from the very birth of the
medium, when even the modest osculations of the middle-aged lovebirds in Thomas
Edison’s The Kiss (1896) scandalized cadres of (literally) Victorian ministers, matrons,
and other variants of a sour-faced species known as the “bluenose.
When an infection occurs, immune cells flock to the area and secrete large amounts of
highly reactive chemicals to combat the invader. But, these inflammatory chemicals
also attack normal tissue surrounding the infection and damage critical components of
cells, including DNA. During chronic inflammation, DNA damage may lead to
mutations or cell death and even to cancer and other diseases.
The nomenclature for the Interagency List of Essential Medical Devices for Reproductive
Health is based on the existing United Nations Common Coding System (UNCCS) and the
UNICEF products database for the classification of products groups.
All products from this list are identified with a generic, short description with a maximum of
50 characters, except for the sutures. The complete technical specifications of the products are
based on the UNICEF standard products.
Indirect standardization is more appropriate for rare outcomes than direct
standardization, resulting in the calculation of rates (McMichael and Giles, 1988). A
limitation of this study is that we did not have access to information on potentially
important risk factors such as lifestyle.
Results for all causes of deaths were significantly lower compared to the autochthon
German population. Overall SMR is reduced for the Aussiedler, therefore, they seem to be
healthier or more resistant than the Germans and therefore they are much healthier than
populations of countries from the FSU....
Though still small – a market for green investments is also starting to grow. Alongside more
developed equity products (such as green indices comprising of listed companies operating in the green
space), fixed income instruments are also being launched – notably green bonds, for which the OECD
estimates that the market is now around USD 16 billion. Alongside the World Bank‟s USD 2.3 billion
issuance, other development banks have become involved (EIB, ADB) and the US government has
introduced interesting initiatives.
A final reason apart from sharing in
such economic growth and higher expected returns is the additional diversification benefits
that may accrue. Studies have shown the considerable benefits to be gained from the
international diversification in real estate markets (see Lizerli et al 1998 for a review).