Xem 1-20 trên 229 kết quả Federal Government
  • Since the issuance of Executive Order 12862 for "Setting Customer Service Standards," customer satisfaction measurement has become prominent in the Federal Government. As part of "creating a government that works better and costs less" the National Performance Review suggested "putting customers first." The thrust of this initiative is to have the Federal Government function more like private industry. The competitive markets of the private sector have created a climate which is customer focused and the Federal Government is attempting to follow suit.

    pdf6p moser 04-03-2009 75 16   Download

  • this book offers the first political theory of special-purpose jurisdictions, including 35,000 special districts and 13,500 school districts, which consti- tute the most common form of local government in the United States today. collectively, special-purpose governments have more civilian employees than the federal government and spend more than all city governments combined. the proliferation of special-purpose jurisdictions has fundamentally altered the nature of representation and taxation in local government.

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  • The papers published in this book were first presented at an international conference on federalism, which took place at the Faculty of Law of McGill University, in Montreal. Having been directly involved in the organization

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  • The federal government’s investment in the research and development (R&D) being conducted at the nation’s universities and colleges has grown considerably in recent years and represents a pivotal part of the U.S. innovation system—one that advances knowledge of the world and provides critical training to the next generation of scientists and engineers. The analysis in this report assesses that investment. The analysis drew on the RAND Corporation’s RaDiUS (

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  • In 2003, the National Commission on the Public Service, chaired by Paul Volcker, issued a report detailing the serious problems within the federal government today and presenting a series of recommendations calling for changes in its organization, leadership, and operations. In this book, RAND experts in public policy and

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  • Optimal fiscal federalismis the question of which activities should take place at which level of government. For example, welfare programs were historically financed at the federal and state level, while education is largely financed at the state and local level.

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  • Transfer Pricing and Valuation in Corporate Taxation analyzes the disparities between both federal statutes and regulations, and reg- ulations and administrative practice, in a highly controversial area of corporate tax policy: intra-company transfer pricing for tax pur- poses. It addresses issues that often mean millions of dollars to indi- vidual corporations, and a significant fraction of the federal govern- ment’s revenue base.

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  • Within this setting of a dynamic, private marketing system, the role of the Federal Government is to help keep the marketing of agricultural commodities flowing in an orderly and efficient manner, to promote effective distribution, to eliminate speculation and waste, and to stabilize the marketing of agricultural commodities. A brief summary of current programs and activities is given below. However, it must be realized that as the marketing system continues to evolve, there will be corresponding changes in the programs, services or activities of the Federal Government. ...

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  • This book is about the changes that elected and appointed leaders are making to the art and practice of governing, governance, and government. It is about how public managers are shaping and guiding governments’ responses to a fundamental movement for change that began in the last decades of the twentieth century.

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  • During the past two decades, two prominent influences—globalization and the information revolution—have brought about profound changes in the division of powers within nations as well as beyond nation-states. As a result, the world has gradually but steadily moved from closed-economy centralized governance to open-economy globalized and localized governance—sometimes called “glocalized” governance. International security concerns in recent years have somewhat dampened this change process.

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  • For the broader farm community, given that many farmers and ranchers who do not benefit from commodity programs use crop insurance as their primary or perhaps only federal risk management tool, policymakers may consider how effective federal crop insurance has been for producers of specialty crops and livestock. Across the federal government, controlling or reducing program costs continues to be an issue.

    pdf24p quaivatxanh 29-11-2012 27 5   Download

  • The Federal Reserve plays an important role in the U.S. payments system. The twelve Federal Reserve Banks provide banking services to depository institutions and to the federal government. For depository institutions, they maintain accounts and provide various payment services, including collecting checks, electronically transferring funds, and distributing and receiving currency and coin. For the federal government, the Reserve Banks act as fiscal agents, paying Treasury checks; processing electronic payments; and issuing, transferring, and redeeming U.S.

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  • Since 1980, the principal form of crop loss assistance in the United States has been provided through the Federal Crop Insurance Program. The Federal Crop Insurance Act of 1980 was intended to replace disaster programs with a subsidized insurance program that farmers could depend on in the event of crop losses. Crop insurance was seen as preferable to disaster assistance because it was less costly and hence could be provided to more producers, was less likely to encourage moral hazard, and less likely to encourage producers to plant crops on marginal lands.

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  • In an effort to modernize Medicare insurance, the Federal government has allowed private insurers who meet strict requirements to sell private insurance to the elderly, as a substitute for 'traditional' Medicare insurance. There are many forms of private insurance now being sold to the elderly, including some managed care plan types. Managed care plans restrict the choice of physicians and hospitals to include a set selected by the insurance plan, over whom the plan has more control in terms of utilization and expenditures.

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  • This booklet is designed to introduce judges and judicial administrators in other countries to the United States federal judicial system, its organization and administration, and its relationship to the legislative and executive branches of the government. It was developed by the Office of Judges Programs of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts at the request of the Judicial Conference Committee on International Judicial Relations.

    pdf62p phoebe75 20-02-2013 23 3   Download

  • Since the 1945 publication of Vannevar Bush’s Science—The Endless Frontier, the federal government has played the predominant role in supporting research and development (R&D) and in establishing public policies that affect science and technology (S&T) in the United States. That role remains vitally important today. Almost every major policy issue is influenced by scientific and technological information and expertise. There remains a clear and ongoing mandate for a cohesive set of federal policy and programs that both sustain R&D and promote the application of new knowledge....

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  • As part of its new Digital Government program, the National Science Foundation (NSF) requested that the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) undertake an in-depth study of how information technology research and development could more effectively support advances in the use of information technology in government.

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  • More local control of education decisionmaking is a core element of today's education governance reform efforts. This research explores the federal, state, and local mechanisms by which public education is supported in California and examines how those resources are used by local school districts.......

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  • The federal government’s role in financing and administering these two loan programs differs significantly. Under FFELP, private lenders, such as banks, provide loan capital and the federal government guarantees FFELP lenders a minimum rate of return on the loans they make and repayment if borrowers default.1 Additionally, state-designated guaranty agencies perform a variety of administrative functions in FFELP. Under the Direct Loan Program, federal funds are used as loan capital and are provided through participating schools.

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  • leading the way in federal workforce reforms : hearing before the Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce and the District of Columbia Subcommittee of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, September 26, 2006,

    pdf77p konbetocroi 07-01-2013 15 1   Download

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