In October 2009, the Institute of Health Economics ( IHE ) staged a consensus
development conference to address key questions about the prevention, diagnosis,
and treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder ( FASD ). Experts in the fi eld
presented scientifi c evidence to a “ jury ” about prevention and the social determinants
that may induce drinking during pregnancy, the importance of diagnosis,
the impact of FASD across a person ’ s lifespan, and the community supports
needed for those living with FASD, as well as their families.
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most common known
preventable cause of mental impairment. Babies with FAS
have distinctive changes in their facial features and they
may be born small. The brain damage that occurs with
FAS can result in lifelong problems with learning, memory,
attention, and problem solving. These alcohol-related
changes in the brain may be present even in babies whose
appearance and growth are not affected.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Neuroprotective peptide ADNF-9 in fetal brain of C57BL/6 mice exposed prenatally to alcohol...
The three year term of the strategy is too short to measure significant changes in nutritional status
and mortality as outcome indicators. Instead, the results matrix gives details of the output and
outcome (impact) and activity (process) indicators and their source of verification against which
effectiveness of the strategy will be measured. The progress made in the implementation of the
strategy will be reviewed and updated on an annual basis.
Emerging research is helping to place pain and
addictive disorders on a continuum rather than on
the traditional dichotomy of recent years [12–15].
It is clear to a growing number of clinicians that
pain patients can, and sometimes do have concur-
rent addictive disorders that decidedly complicate
the management of an already challenging patient
population [16–19]. It is possible for pain and
addiction to exist as comorbid conditions such as
the case of the alcoholic with peripheral neuro-
There is no known safe amount of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome is a preventable birth defect characterized by growth restriction, facial abnormalities and central nervous dysfunction. Many more babies, however, are diagnosed with fetal alcohol effect, which is a lesser degree of the syndrome. Fetuses of women who ingest six drinks per day are at a 40 percent risk of developing some features of the fetal alcohol syndrome (5;9).