# Fields and methods

Xem 1-20 trên 433 kết quả Fields and methods
• ### Comparing Fields and Methods

Những lĩnh vực và phương pháp so sánh Trước tiên, hãy đậy nắp động lực ban đầu để sử dụng các phương pháp để ẩn các lĩnh vực. Xem xét các cấu trúc sau đó đại diện cho một vị trí trên một màn hình như một (X, Y) phối hợp cặp: struct ScreenPosition (công ScreenPosition (int x, int y) (this.X = rangeCheckedX (x);

• ### Temperless Comparing Fields

Comparing Fields and Methods First, let's recap the original motivation for using methods to hide fields. Consider the following struct that represents a position on a screen as an (X, Y) coordinate pair: struct ScreenPosition { public ScreenPosition(int x, int y) { this.X = rangeCheckedX(x); this.Y = rangeCheckedY(y); } public int X; public int Y; private static int rangeCheckedX(int x) { if (x 1280

• ### Types for Proofs and Programs

We propose a novel approach to constraint-based type inference based on coinductive logic. Constraint generation corresponds to translation into a conjunction of Horn clauses P, and constraint satisfaction is defined in terms of the coinductive Herbrand model of P. We illustrate the approach by formally defining this translation for a small object-oriented language similar to Featherweight Java, where type annotations in field and method declarations can be omitted.

• ### MATLAB – A FUNDAMENTAL TOOL FOR SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS – VOLUME 1

This is the first book in a three-volume series deploying MATLAB-based applications in almost every branch of science. This volume, presents interesting topics from different areas of engineering, signal and image processing based on the MATLAB environment. The book consists of 20 excellent, insightful articles and the readers will find the results very useful to their work. This collection of high quality articles, refers to a large range of professional fields and may be used for scientific, engineering and educational purposes....

• ### Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method Second Edition

Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method, Second Edition reflects the latest developments in the field and presents a fully updated and comprehensive account of the major topics that have emerged in Monte Carlo simulation since the publication of the classic First Edition over twenty-five years ago.

• ### The Java™ Native Interface

THE Java™ Native Interface (JNI) is a powerful feature of the Java platform. Applications that use the JNI can incorporate native code written in programming languages such as C and C++, as well as code written in the Java programming language. The JNI allows programmers to take advantage of the power of the Java platform, without having to abandon their investments in legacy code. Because the JNI is a part of the Java platform, programmers can address interoperability issues once, and expect their solution to work with all implementations of the Java platform....

• ### NEED AND METHODS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY AND REDUCE RICE LOSSES DURING RICE PRODUCTION IN MEKONG RIVER DELTA

"Investigation and control of the rice in the field and during harvest in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam" project is part of the Cooperation Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD) between the Ministry of Agriculture and rural Development of Vietnam (Ministry of Agriculture and rural Development) VACO Australian International Development (AusAID). The purpose of this project is to help households and small farmers in Vietnam to improve rice quality and prices to improve their income. The project will be implemented through a cooperative choice.

• ### WEED AND PEST CONTROL - CONVENTIONAL AND NEW CHALLENGES

Nowadays, chemical pesticides are the traditional solution to weed and pest problems, and although they have saved lives and crops, the greatest risk to our environment and our health comes from their use. Many significant problems from their use include con‐ tamination of the environment, the development of pesticide resistance in the target pest, the recovery of pest species, the phytotoxicity in crop fields, and the unacceptably high levels of pesticide/commodity residue in food.

• ### Computational Methods for Protein Structure Prediction and Modeling Volume 1: Basic Characterization

An ultimate goal of modern biology is to understand how the genetic blueprint of cells (genotype) determines the structure, function, and behavior of a living organism (phenotype). At the center of this scientific endeavor is characterizing the biochemical and cellular roles of proteins, the working molecules of the machinery of life. A key to understanding of functional proteins is the knowledge of their folded structures in a cell, as the structures provide the basis for studying proteins’ functions and functional mechanisms at the molecular level....

• ### Báo cáo khoa học: "Discriminative Language Modeling with Conditional Random Fields and the Perceptron Algorithm"

This paper describes discriminative language modeling for a large vocabulary speech recognition task. We contrast two parameter estimation methods: the perceptron algorithm, and a method based on conditional random ﬁelds (CRFs). The models are encoded as deterministic weighted ﬁnite state automata, and are applied by intersecting the automata with word-lattices that are the output from a baseline recognizer. The perceptron algorithm has the beneﬁt of automatically selecting a relatively small feature set in just a couple of passes over the training data. ...

• ### IARC CLASSIFIES RADIOFREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AS POSSIBLY CARCINOGENIC TO HUMANS

Distress varies in level of intensity depending on severity of disease as well as phase of treatment (Simonton & Sherman, 1998). The greater levels of distress are positively associated with greater severity of disease (Maunsell, Brisson & Deschenes, 1992; Schag, Ganz, Polinsky, Fred, Hirji, & Peterson, 1993). Further, a patient’s phase of life has a significant impact on adjustment: younger patients demonstrate greater levels of distress than older patients (Simonton & Sherman, 1998; Vinokur, Threatt, Vinokur-Kaplan, & Satariano, 1990).

• ### Research Methods in Applied Linguistics

The book is divided into four main parts: key issues in researching language learning/teaching, data collection, data analysis and writing up research. Both qualitative and quantitative methodologies are discussed, alongside popular mixed-methods approaches, such as triangulated studies, thus covering many of the methods commonly employed in the field.

• ### The Essential OF HANDBOOK GROUND-WATER SAMPLING

Difficulty in accessing ground water without disturbing ground-water flow patterns, chemistry, microbiology, and the physical and chemical makeup of formation materials has made accurate characterization of in situ ground-water conditions a very challenging task.

• ### Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques: An Introduction Based on Finite Element Methods

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is concerned with the efficient numerical solution of the partial differential equations that describe fluid dynamics. CFD techniques are commonly used in the many areas of engineering where fluid behavior is an important factor. Traditional fields of application include aerospace and automotive design, and more recently, bioengineering and consumer and medical electronics.

• ### Handbook of Medical Imaging: Processing and Analysis Management

In recent years, the remarkable advances in medical imaging instruments have increased their use considerably for diagnostics as well as planning and follow-up of treatment. Emerging from the fields of radiology, medical physics and engineering, medical imaging no longer simply deals with the technology and interpretation of radiographic images. The limitless possibilities presented by computer science and technology, coupled with engineering advances in signal processing, optics and nuclear medicine have created the vastly expanded field of medical imaging.

• ### ADVANCED METHODS FOR PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS IN FLUID MECHANICS

Central to this book are two ideas. The first is that Fluid Mechanics is relevant to a wide variety of problems that are priorities in the early 21st century, three of which are health, the environment, and energy. The second idea is that researchers in this field are applying novel methods to address these problems. Even on its most basic level, Fluid Mechanics is challenging.

• ### Drugs and Poisons in Humans - A Handbook of Practical Analysis (Part 5)

Introduction: The advancement of technologies was marvelous during the past half century; new analytical instruments have been being invented and improved. About 30 years ago, thin-layer chromatography (TLC) was being used most widely for detection and identification of drugs and poisons. Around that time, the use of GC/MS started in the field of medicine. Therefore, an ideal procedure for analysis of drugs and poisons was considered to be the screening by TLC, followed by the final identification and quantitation by GC/MS.

• ### Radio Frequency Identification Fundamentals and Applications, Design Methods and Solutions

The number of applications for RFID systems has increased each year and various research directions have been developed to improve the performance of these systems. Therefore IN-TECH publisher has decided to continue the series of books dedicated to the latest results of research in the RFID field and launch a new book, entitled “Radio Frequency Identification Fundamentals and Applications, Design Methods and Solutions”, which could support the further development of RFID.

• ### SUPERCONDUCTORS – PROPERTIES, TECHNOLOGY, AND APPLICATIONS

Book "Superconductors - Properties, Technology, and Applications" gives an overview of major problems encountered in this field of study. Most of the material presented in this book is the result of authors' own research that has been carried out over a long period of time. A number of chapters thoroughly describe the fundamental electrical and structural properties of the superconductors as well as the methods researching those properties. The sourcebook comprehensively covers the advanced techniques and concepts of superconductivity. It's intended for a wide range of readers....