Figurative language

Xem 1-20 trên 47 kết quả Figurative language
  • Various text mining algorithms require the process of feature selection. High-level semantically rich features, such as figurative language uses, speech errors etc., are very promising for such problems as e.g. writing style detection, but automatic extraction of such features is a big challenge. In this paper, we propose a framework for figurative language use detection.

    pdf6p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 15 2   Download

  • Information retrieval (IR) and figurative language processing (FLP) could scarcely be more different in their treatment of language and meaning. IR views language as an open-ended set of mostly stable signs with which texts can be indexed and retrieved, focusing more on a text’s potential relevance than its potential meaning. In contrast, FLP views language as a system of unstable signs that can be used to talk about the world in creative new ways.

    pdf10p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 32 3   Download

  • CAN YOU SPARE 15 minutes a day for 30 days? If so, Junior Skill Builders: Reading in 15 Minutes a Day can help you improve your reading comprehension skills. Just what is reading comprehension? Here’s a clue: Understanding is a synonym for comprehension. So, as I’m sure you figured out, reading comprehension means, “understanding what you read.” Not everyone does, you know.

    pdf289p laplunmc 23-07-2012 1342 792   Download

  • The human figure is an expressive form. Often you can tell what people are thinking by how they stand or hold themselves. When doing figure drawings, you will be confronted with the choice of how to pose your figures. This decision can be critical to the success of the drawing. Look at the difference between the stances shown in Figure 5.1. Can you describe the emotion of each figure? The human body has an expressiveness that communicates through an unspoken language often referred to as body language. As an artist, you must learn this language and become as expressive with...

    pdf24p audi123 31-07-2010 116 34   Download

  • Ambiguity in language translation is due to the presence of words in the source language with multiple non-synonymous target equivalents. A contextual analysis is required whenever a grammatical analysis fails to resolve such ambiguity. In the case of scientific and engineering literature, clues to the context can be obtained from a knowledge of the varying degrees of probability with which words occur in different fields of science.

    pdf5p nghetay_1 06-04-2013 15 2   Download

  • Use of Lambek's (1958) categorial grammar for linguistic work has generally been rather limited. There appear to be two main reasons for this: the notations most commonly used can sometimes obscure the structure of proofs and fail to clearly convey linguistic structure, and the cMculus as it stands is apparently not powerful enough to describe many phenomena encountered in natural language. In this paper we suggest ways of dealing with both these deficiencies.

    pdf6p buncha_1 08-05-2013 21 2   Download

  • This paper describes an analysis method which uses heuristic knowledge to find local syntactic structures of Chinese sentences. We call it a preprocessing, because we use it before we do global syntactic structure analysisCl]of the input sentence. Our purpose is to guide the global analysis through the search space, to avoid unnecessary computation. To realize this, we use a set of special words that appear in commonly used patterns in Chinese. We call them "characteristic words" . They enable us to pick out fragments that might figure in the syntactic structure of the sentence. ...

    pdf4p bungio_1 03-05-2013 18 1   Download

  • Here we address the problem of mapping phrase meanings into their conceptual representations. Figurative phrases are pervasive in human communication, yet they are difficult to explain theoretically. In fact, the ability to handle idiosyncratic behavior of phrases should be a criterion for any theory of lexical representation. Due to the huge number of such phrases in the English language, phrase representation must be amenable to parsing, generation, and also to learning.

    pdf6p bungio_1 03-05-2013 19 1   Download

  • In vision, it is sometimes possible to design networks from a task analysis of ~he problem, aided by the homogeneity of the domain. For example, Sejnowski & Hinton (1986) designed a network that can separate figure from ground for shapes with incomplete bounding contours. Constructing a network is much more difficult in an inhomogeneous domain like natural language. This problem has been partially overcome by the discovery of powerful learning algorithms that allow the strengths of connection in a network to be shaped by experience; ...

    pdf1p bungio_1 03-05-2013 11 1   Download

  • English Grammar Progress Test I said/told to Steve that I’d meet him at the swimming baths later. 10 I was giving/was given the necklace by my aunt. 11 I asked her if she would be/was from Switzerland, and she said no. 12 I haven’t got an umbrella! If it rains, I’d get/I’ll get wet. 13 I didn’t know/wouldn’t have known if you hadn’t told me. 14 We showed round/were shown round the art gallery by our teacher. we’d be/we’re late for class, our teacher will be angry. 1 The teacher told/asked me if I’d finished the test.

    doc218p minhanh 14-03-2009 1658 572   Download

  • Discourse analysis considers how language, both spoken and written, enacts social and cultural perspectives and identities. Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, An Introduction to Discourse Analysis examines the field and presents James Paul Gee’s unique integrated approach, which incorporates both a theory of language-in-use and a method of research.

    pdf225p bachduong1311 07-12-2012 99 26   Download

  • Finally, interventions that prompt the writer to “read-as-the-reader” explicitly focus working memory resources on the reader representation. These are effective in improving the revising activities of 5th and 9th graders (Holliway & McCutchen, 2004) as well as of college students (Traxler & Gernsbacher, 1993). However, it is unclear from these studies what costs are incurred when limited attention and storage capabilities are focused on the reader representation rather than on the author and text representations.

    pdf248p commentcmnr 03-06-2013 68 19   Download

  • The female version varies slightly; the knees are held together, the feet may be to one side and the hands rest side by side or one on top of the other resting on the upper legs (Figure 88). During more than a decade of interviewing and selling to people, our observation has revealed that, when the interviewee locks his ankles, he is mentally ‘biting his lip’. The gesture is one of holding back a negative attitude, emotion, nervousness or fear. For example, a lawyer friend of mine told me that he had often noticed that, just prior to a...

    pdf10p anhheomap 13-12-2010 62 18   Download

  • The aggressive-readiness clusters are used by professional models to give the impression that their clothing is for the modem, aggressive, forward-thinking woman. Occasionally the gesture may be done with only one hand on the hip and the other displaying another gesture (Figure 99). Critical evaluation gestures are often seen with the hands-on-hips pose. Seated Readiness One of the most valuable gestures that a negotiator can learn to recognise is seated readiness.

    pdf10p anhheomap 13-12-2010 80 18   Download

  • His eyebrows and the comers of his mouth are turned down, and his head is slightly down, all of which demonstrate disapproval. Figure 176The man on the left and the man on the right have taken the closed body formation to show the middle man that he is not accepted into the conversation.

    pdf8p anhheomap 13-12-2010 51 18   Download

  • The gesture has two versions; the raised steeple (Figure 42), the position normally taken when the steepler is giving his opinions or ideas and is doing the talking. The lowered steeple gesture (Figure 43) is normally used when the steepler is listening rather than speaking. Nierenberg and Calero noted that women tend to use the lowered steeple position more often than the raised steeple position. When the raised steeple position is taken with the head tilted back, the person assumes an air of smugness or arrogance. Although the steeple gesture is a positive signal, it can be used in...

    pdf10p anhheomap 13-12-2010 54 17   Download

  • Health care spending has exceeded economic growth in every recent decade. Over the last four decades, the average growth in health spending has exceeded the growth of the economy as a whole by between 1.1 and 3.0 percentage points (Figure 2). Since 1970, health care spending per capita has grown at an average annual rate of 8.2% or 2.4 percentage points faster than nominal GDP. The persistence of this trend suggests systematic differences between health care and other economic sectors where growth rates are typically more in line with the overall economy. A smaller difference is...

    pdf76p thangbienthai 27-11-2012 60 6   Download

  • The professionalization of web development has been a difficult journey because of our disparate beginnings. Even those who end up at large companies such as Yahoo! inevitably began on their own, hacking around. Perhaps you were even “the web guy” at a small company and could do pretty much whatever you wanted. When the large companies started tapping this previously undiscovered resource, it brought a lot of hackers into a corporate environment, where they were met with constraints.

    pdf240p bachduong1311 12-12-2012 25 5   Download

  • Finally, the HPDD sheds light on one of the leading issues of the day: the relationship between debt and growth. Separating countries into fast-, medium-, or slow–paced growers over 1885–2009, we find an intuitive pattern. 15 Fast growers consistently registered low debt ratios, while slow growers carried the highest debts for much of the sample period (Figure 7, upper panel). Further light is shed on the debt-growth relationship by a bubble chart that compares debt ratios and (total) PPP GDP (Figure 7, lower panel).

    pdf12p yasuyidol 02-04-2013 25 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'english language proficiency tests-advanced level'sarchivea public figure', ngoại ngữ, toefl - ielts - toeic phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf9p giaoan111 20-07-2011 20 3   Download

CHỦ ĐỀ BẠN MUỐN TÌM

Đồng bộ tài khoản