This paper looks at the development of the financial systems of ASEAN-5 countries and Vietnam. By making a comparison between factors that foster the financial development of ASEAN-5 and Vietnam, it suggests that both the two sides share common characteristics including: financial repression, bank based development, accelerating liberalization of the financial sector, capital movement, inefficiency, due to lack of competition, effective governance, and managerial freedom.
This chapter examines how the financial system works. First, we discuss the large variety of institutions that make up the financial system in our economy. Second, we discuss the relationship between the financial system and some key macroeconomic variables notably saving and investment. Third, we develop a model of the supply and demand for funds in financial markets.
Banks play an important role in our modern economy as financial intermediaries which bring together savers and borrowers. By collecting deposits and making loans, commercial banks and other financial institutions keep the economy operating by providing a wide range of services. This chapter provides knowledge of money, banking, and the financial system.
This paper analyzes the role of the financial system for economic growth and stability, and addresses a number of core policy issues for financial sector reforms in emerging economies. The role of finance is studied in the context of a circuit model with interacting rational, forward- looking, and heterogeneous agents. Finance is shown to essentially complement the price system in coordinating decentralized intertemporal resource allocation choices from agents operating under limited information and incomplete trust.
This paper addresses issues in financial sector regulation from two perspectives. First, it reports on the state of implementation of financial regulatory standards across banking, insurance, and securities sectors in a select group of Fund member countries. Second, it raises issues relating to the design of these three sector standards, arising from the implementation experience and the evolving structure of financial systems. In this regard, the paper identifies a few emerging regulatory risks and some cross-sectoral issues that may warrant further guidance by standard setters....
Levine explains what the financial system does and how it affects, and is affected by, economic growth. Theory suggests that financial instruments, markets, and institutions arise to mitigate the effects of information and transaction costs. A growing literature shows that differences in how well financial systems reduce information and transaction costs influence savings rates, investment decisions, technological innovation, and long-run growth rates. A less developed theoretical literature shows how changes in economic activity can influence financial systems.
Chapter 1 - The financial system. This chapter explain the functions of a financial system, describe the main classes of financial instruments issued in a financial system, distinguish between various types of financial markets according to function, discuss the flow of funds between savers and borrowers, including direct and intermediated finance,...
Chapter 2 - The banking sector. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Evaluate the functions and activities of commercial banks, identify the main sources and uses of funds and reasons for changes, analyse the importance of changes in the role of banks on the financial system,…
Chapter 3 - Non-bank financial institutions (NBFIs). In this chapter, you will learn to: Understand the role of NBFIs in the financial system, outline the financial products and services provided by NBFIs, describe NBFI’s principal sources and uses of funds, examine the regulatory system.
Chapter 1 - An introduction to money and the financial system. The following will be discussed in this chapter: Every financial transaction has a story; there is a complex web of interdependent institutions and markets making up the foundation of daily financial transactions; the six parts of the financial system; the five core principles of money and banking.
Chapter 3 provides knowledge of financial instruments, financial markets, and financial institutions. In this chapter we will survey the financial system in three steps: Financial instruments or securities, financial markets, financial institutions.
Chapter 8 provides knowledge of stocks, stock markets, and market efficiency. The goals of this chapter are: To try to make sense of the stock market, to show what fluctuations in stock value mean for individuals and for the economy as a whole, to look at a critical connection between the financial system and the real economy, explain why we sometimes have bubbles and crashes.
Chapter 13 - Financial industry structure. In this chapter, students will be able to understand: The United States has a comparatively large but declining number of banks, nondepository institutions are playing an increasingly important role in the financial system. Five types of financial intermediary may be classified as nondepository institutions.
Chapter 14 - Regulating the financial system. The purpose of this chapter is: To look at the sources and consequences of financial fragility focusing on the banking sector, to look at the institutional safeguards the government has built into the system in an attempt to avert financial crises, to study the regulatory and supervisory environment of the banking industry, to examine emerging approaches to regulation that focus on the safety of the financial system rather than on individual institutions.
Chapter 15 - Central banks in the world today. This chapter begins to explain the role of central banks in our economic and financial system. It will describe the origins of modern central banking. It will examine the complexities policymakers now face in meeting their responsibilities. It will highlight a central question that has become politically controversial: what is the proper relationship between a central bank and the government?
The world’s leading central banks played a key role in bringing the financial system and the economy back to safe harbor after the peak of the financial crisis in 2008. They acted in unprecedented fashion to prevent the financial system from capsizing and, over time, to restore financial and economic stability. Chapter 16 provides knowledge of the structure of central banks: The federal reserve and the European central bank.
Chapter 17 - The central bank balance sheet and the money supply process. In this chapter, we need to understand how the central bank interacts with the financial system. What is it that central banks buy and sell? What are the assets and liabilities on their balance sheets? How do they control those assets and liabilities, and why might they want to hide them from the public?...
Upon completion of this chapter you should understand: Reasons for economic success and a brief history of the U.S. economic system, legal forms of the organization and their respective sources of capital, the money cycle, contemporary financial techniques including total financial management and the team triangle approach to financial decision making, financial responsibilities as they relate to the constituents of an organization.
After reading this chapter, you will be able to: Define money, its functions, and its characteristics; describe various types of money; specify how the Bank of Canada manages the money supply and regulates the Canadian banking system; compare and contrast banks, trust companies, and credit unions/caisses populaires;...