Allocation is a cross-cutting challenge that has risen to priority status with the rapidly
approaching deadlines for the implementation of annual catch limits (ACLs) and accountability
measures (AMs). Allocation discussions and decisions are unique to each fishery and are shaped
by innumerable natural, social and economic factors. Despite these differences, all allocation
decisions address the fundamental question of how to distribute a limited renewable resource
among user groups. Allocation decisions introduce new challenges as well as opportunities.
Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council and represents the first step in an incremental and
collaborative approach to implement ecosystem approaches to fishery management in the Pacific
Remote Island Areas (PRIA) of Baker Island, Johnston Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll,
Kingman Reef, Wake Island and Palmyra Atoll.
This study grew out of a request from the Technical Advisory Body for Fisheries Management (TAB) conveyed to us by Wolf Hartman of MRC. We are grateful for the opportunity the body has given us to think about fisheries in the Mekong basin in the context of local and broader ideas about the role for livelihoods approaches in fisheries management and for Wolf’s encouragement and support. Carrying out the research on which this document is based was supported by many people it also links closely with related work on livelihoods....
Purpose – The Encyclopedia of Operations Management (EOM) is an ideal “field manual” for students, instructors,
and practicing managers. For students, the EOM is a useful guide for developing an integrated mental map for the
entire field of supply chain and operations management. It has also proven useful as a reference for students
preparing for case discussions, exams, and job interviews. It is particularly helpful for students new to supply chain
and operations management and for international students who need precise definitions of specialized terms.
There is increasing awareness of the nature and
complexity of the processes influencing river
channels and the maintenance of fish habitats.
Increased understanding highlights the sensitivity of
these processes and the way in which they also
underpin the biodiversity and amenity value of
rivers. It shows the need for careful planning and
design if management is to be sustainable and is to
achieve its objectives without producing
unanticipated and detrimental impacts. There is a
clear need to consider carefully the consequences of
management intervention in river channels.
Pacific sardine fishery off Oregon started in 1935, but there are recorded landings of sardine
in Oregon dating back to 1928. The catch dropped off in the 1940’s with 1948 being the last year
of directed fishery landings until 1999 when the fishery was revived. Pacific sardine was
managed as a developmental fishery from 1999 to 2005. In 2004, the sardine industry asked the
Department of Fish and Wildlife to remove Pacific sardines from the developmental species list
and create a limited entry system for the fishery.
The authors would like to thank the Partnership for Agriculture and Rural
Development (CARD) Program funded this research. We also want
thank the support of their organization as follows:
• Research Institute for Aquaculture No. 1 in Vietnam,
• The University of Western Australia,
• Extension Center Ha Tinh, Nghe An, Thua Thien-Hue,
• Vietnam National Fisheries Quality Assurance and Veterinary
small water bodies like ponds now contributes 80% of the country’s inland
fish production. However, future growth in freshwater aquaculture to meet
rising demand for fish is likely to be constrained by limited supplies of land for
digging new ponds and of water to fill them.
In this context, reservoirs offer immense scope for increasing fish production.
England’s fisheries in 1871, Congress created the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries (Hobart 1995). The first appointed Commissioner, Spencer Baird, initiated marine ecological studies as one of his first priorities. According to Baird, our understanding of fish “... would not be complete without a thorough knowledge of their associates in the sea, especially of such as prey upon them or constitute their food....” He understood that the presence or absence of fish was related not only to removal by fishing, but also to the dynamics of physical and chemical oceanography.
Challenges to sustaining the productivity of oceanic and coastal fisheries
have become more critical and complex as these fisheries reach the upper
limits to ocean harvests. In addition, it is now clear that we are managing
interactive and dynamic food webs rather than sets of independent single-species
The purpose of the study was to analyze the current practice of shrimp farming in the north central Vietnam, to evaluate the status of agricultural production and economic conditions - social and environment, and determine the limit application of better management practices. The report presents the results of a survey of 90 shrimp farmers in north-central provinces of Vietnam (Ha Tinh, Nghe An and Thua Thien-Hue).
Shrimp production costs mainly by feeding (average 65% of total cost) for different varieties of food between provinces.
HHouseholds coastal aquaculture, ranging in area from 0.5 ha to 3 ha, producing
90% of farmed shrimp production in Vietnam, worth $ 1 billion in 2004. the
viability and environmental sustainability of farm economy in this area is threatened
poor agricultural practices led to outbreaks of diseases, environmental degradation, plant
contaminated with chemicals and antibiotics and reduced output.
Around the world, many fisheries are shared fisheries in the sense that a common fish stock is accessed by both
commercial and non-commercial fishers. Non-commercial fishers can include recreational fishers, or customary fishers,
or both. A prevalent problem in these fisheries is competition between commercial and non-commercial fishers for
access to a resource that is subject to increasing utilisation pressure.
BackGround Balanced, equitable and sustainable development of the fisheries sector must take all social groups into account. However, the role of women in the sector has, for a long time, gone unrecognised and their voice is heard rarely among managers, policy makers and legislators.1 The lack of recognition and representation is not only unfair, but it also leads to an incomplete understanding of how the sector as a whole operates and functions.
‘Project Management’ is an important topic because all organisations, large and
small, are involved in implementing new undertakings as diverse as the development
of a new product or service, or a public relations campaign. To keep ahead of their
competitors, every organisation is faced with development of complex services and
processes. These need cross-functional expertise in a given organisation.
The justification for undertaking project management in any organisation lies at two
levels, namely, the macro and the micro levels.
The terminology and variety of organizational structures involved in incident management
today can often be confusing. We will begin to explore some of these areas of confusion in
the material presented here. We will look at the difference and relationship between CSIRTs
and incident management capabilities; we will also look at the difference and interrelationship
between incident management and security management functions.
DFO is responsible for managing the sustainable use of fisheries resources with conservation as the paramount consideration. The scope and nature of environmental effects are considered when developing management plans. Various management options are weighed against one another based on careful considerations of all information, including traditional knowledge, local knowledge and industry experience along with the best scientific information available from both DFO and external organizations. This management plan was formulated in consideration of any environmental or habitat concerns....
Vietnam‟s hydro-power resources are very plentiful and distributed widespread in national
scope. Vietnam is one of 14 countries which are rich in hydro-electric resources in the world.
Total hydro-power resources potential of more than 2200 mini, medium and large rivers (just
mention rivers with more than 10 km in length) in national scope is assessed as follows: