The first great apostle and martyr of the Cuban War of Independence, José Martí, was born in Havana on
January 28, 1853, and fell in battle at Dos Rios on May 19, 1895. He was a Professor of Literature, Doctor of
Laws, economist, philosopher, essayist, journalist, poet, historian, statesman, tribune of the people, organizer
of the final and triumphant cause of Cuban freedom. He suffered imprisonment in Spain and exile in Mexico,
Guatemala, and the United States, doing his crowning work in the last-named country as the vitalizing and
energizing head of the Cuban Junta in New York.