While many studies have focused on estimating a relationship between pollution and health, they
have largely neglected to consider that pollution exposure is endogenously determined if individuals make
choices to maximize their well-being. People with high preferences for clean air may choose to live in areas
with better air quality. People can respond to a wide range of readily available information on pollution
levels by adjusting their exposure. Failing to appropriately account for such actions can yield misleading
estimates of the causal effect of pollution on health. ...
We address appropriate user modeling in order to generate cooperative responses to each user in spoken dialogue systems. Unlike previous studies that focus on user’s knowledge or typical kinds of users, the user model we propose is more comprehensive. Speciﬁcally, we set up three dimensions of user models: skill level to the system, knowledge level on the target domain and the degree of hastiness. Moreover, the models are automatically derived by decision tree learning using real dialogue data collected by the system. We obtained reasonable classiﬁcation accuracy for all dimensions.
All books are the product of a team, and I have been blessed with a dedicated and professional team, whose expertise
in their given areas have made this book. Over the course of writing this book and its predecessor, I have come
to think of members of this team as friends as well as colleagues. In particular, I would like to thank John Kane, the
editor in chief, and Drew Cupp, the development editor, who were always there with solutions and support. My
thanks go also to Amy Lewis for her understanding and flexibility. Of course, I thank all the members of the Cisco
Why should you learn about Linux? It’s a fast-growing operating system,
and it is inexpensive and flexible. Linux is also a major player in the
small and mid-sized server field, and it’s an increasingly viable platform for
workstation and desktop use, as well. By understanding Linux, you’ll
increase your standing in the job market. Even if you already know Windows
or MacOS and your employer uses these systems exclusively, understanding
Linux will give you an edge when you are looking for a new job or if you are
looking for promotion.
This publication provides internetworking design and implementation case studies and examples,
with the intent to help you identify and implement practical internetworking strategies that are both
flexible and scalable.
This publication was developed to assist professionals preparing for Cisco Certified Internetwork
Expert (CCIE) candidacy, though it is a valuable resource for all internetworking professionals. It is
designed for use in conjunction with other Cisco manuals or as a standalone reference.
The study was conducted at the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS). In 2009, 46% of the
students were born outside of Australia, approximately 30% were from a non-English speaking
background, and 21% were enrolled as international students. In 2009, the faculties with the largest
concentrations of international students were Business (34%) and Engineering and Information
The technique can be applied for
chlorophyll level monitoring in basic photosynthesis research, agriculture, horticulture, and
forestry. Abiotic stress (water deficit, salinity, heat, heavy metals soil contamination, intense
light, etc) affects significantly crop growth and yield in agricultural areas all over the world.
Thus, it is imperative to study their effect upon the crops and discriminate among abiotic
stresses using new noninvasive and nondestructive remote sensing precision diagnostic
Though there may be some controversy about the relative importance of financial incentives in
explaining trends in retirement in the U.S., the larger part of the European studies appear to more
. Most European studies point at strong incentive effects from Social Security and Early
Retirement schemes. This may be due to the strong disincentive effects that characterise most of these
According to the scheme for forests, the services are divided into five main categories: resources;
ecological; biospheric; social; and amenities2. The resources category refers to all goods that may be
obtained from forests (wood and non-wood); the ecological services are those related to protection
of water, soil and health; the biospheric services are mainly climate regulation and biodiversity
protection; while social and amenity services comprise of different types of recreational activities
and the cultural importance of forests.
The present publication builds off a 2009 FAO-ConCAP research study “Agricultural
investment funds for developing countries” (“the study”). This research for this study, which
focused primarily on Sub-Sahara Africa and transition economies, identified over 80 investment
funds working in agriculture and rural development. It then selected 31 agricultural investment
funds that primarily or exclusively focus on investing in agriculture of the developing world.
For this book, the term desalination is used in the broadest sense of the removal of
dissolved, suspended, visible and invisible impurities in seawater, brackish water and
wastewater, to make them drinkable, or pure enough for industrial applications like in
the processes for the production of steam, power, pharmaceuticals and microelectronics,
or simply for discharge back into the environment.
The fact that entrepreneurs may insulate workers’ earnings from shocks in the prod-
uct market has long been recognised as an important determinant of the dynamics
of wages. The rationale for such an insurance ultimately rests on the concept of
implicit labour contracts originated by Azariadis (1975), Baily (1974) and Gordon
(1974). A central empirical implication is that contract wages may entail implicit
payments of insurance premiums by workers in favourable states of nature and the
receipt of indemnities in unfavourable states....
For each k ∈ Z, we construct a uniformly contractible metric on Euclidean space which is not mod k hypereuclidean. We also construct a pair of uniformly contractible Riemannian metrics on Rn , n ≥ 11, so that the resulting manifolds Z and Z are bounded homotopy equivalent by a homotopy equivalence which is not boundedly close to a homeomorphism. We show that for these lf spaces the C ∗ -algebra assembly map K∗ (Z) → K∗ (C ∗ (Z)) from locally ﬁnite K-homology to the K-theory of the bounded propagation algebra is not a monomorphism ...
The evidence in this paper documents that the similarities between banks’ and non-
financial firms’ capital structure may be greater than previously thought. Specifically, this
paper establishes five novel and interrelated empirical facts.
First, standard cross-sectional determinants of firms’ capital structures also apply to
large, publicly traded banks in the US and Europe, except for banks close to the minimum
The relationship between ináation and interest rates has also been
conÖrmed by numerous studies. We can summarise the results obtained in
four points. The Örst is that in the long run, this relationship is nonlinear.
For example, Evans and Lewis (1995) represent the ináation dynamics with
a Markov process to take into account some episodic changes.
The remainder of the paper is as follows. The next section defines the standard approach
and the notion of luck. Then, we define the F DR and explain our new methodology
which allows us to compute the F DR among the best and worst funds separately.
Section 3 presents the performance measures, the estimation technique to compute the
p-values as well as the mutual fund data. Section 4 contains the empirical analysis of
the impact of luck on performance across the four investment categories. Section 5 concludes.
In Hum Saath Saath Hain (1999), story of a typical Indian joint family, the younger to-be daughter-in-law of the
house (Sonali Bendre) is a doctor by profession. However, she is never shown in a professional set up. Instead
she is the coy, traditional kind of a girl who dutifully obeys her would be in-laws and subscribes to „Indianness‟.
Her family identity dominates her professional identity. In films such as these, the „homely‟ role of the women
was reinforced by use of symbols like „mangalsutra‟, „sindoor‟ and elaborate wedding customs.
The development of the small and medium enterprise sector is deemed crucial for economic growth and poverty alleviation. Such firms are often though to be at a disadvantage when compared with larger enterprises, but the reverse can apply, for example in the more flexible approach of the smaller firm. This paper draws on a private sector survey in 80 countries examining whether business obstacles are related to firm size.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Cognitive flexibility in verbal and nonverbal domains and decision making in anorexia nervosa patients: a pilot study