This white paper outlines the many ways in which Microsoft® Windows Server™ 2003 was
designed to give organizations the ability to scale their environments up and out, with maximum
flexibility and cost effectiveness. It also outlines how administrators can easily incorporate other
Microsoft servers and many third-party applications.
You have a choice in life. You can sputter and stumble and creak your way along in a process of painful, slow decline -- or you can take charge of your health and become a human dynamo. And there is no better way to insure a long, pain-free life than performing the right daily combination of joint mobility and strength-flexibility exercises.
We present an algorithm that automatically learns context constraints using statistical decision trees. We then use the acquired constraints in a flexible POS tagger. The tagger is able to use information of any degree: n-grams, automatically learned context constraints, linguistically motivated manually written constraints, etc. The sources and kinds of constraints are unrestricted, and the language model can be easily extended, improving the results. The tagger has been tested and evaluated on the WSJ corpus. ...
Robust natural language interpretation requires strong semantic domain models, "fall-soff" recovery heuristics, and very flexible control structures. Although single-strategy parsers have met with a measure of success, a multi.strategy approach is shown to provide a much higher degree of flexibility, redundancy, and ability to bring task-specific domain knowledge (in addition to general linguistic knowledge) to bear on both grammatical and ungrammatical input. A parsing algorithm is presented that integrates several different parsing strategies, with case-frame instantiation dominating. ...
A flexible parser can deal with input that deviates from its grammar, in addition to input that conforms to it. Ideally, such a parser will correct the deviant input: sometimes, it will be unable to correct it at all; at other times, correction will be possible, but only to within a range of ambiguous possJbilities. This paper is concerned with such ambiguous situations, and with making it as easy as possible for the ambiguity to be resolved through consultation with the user of the parser - we presume interactive use. ...
This paper describes an architecture for performing anaphora resolution in a flexible way. Systems which conform to these guidelines are wellencapsulated and portable, and can be used to compare anaphora resolution techniques for new language understanding applications. Our implementation of the architecture in a pronoun resolution testing platform demonstrates the flexibility of the approach.
In this work, we present an experimental analysis of a Dialogue System for the automatization of simple telephone services. Starting from the evaluation of a preliminar version of the system we 1 conclude the necessity to desing a robust and flexible system suitable to have to have different dialogue control strategies depending on the characteristics of the user and the performance of the speech recognition module. Experimental results following the PARADISE framework show an important improvement both in terms of task success and dialogue cost for the proposed system. ...
A flexible budget is a budget that adjusts or flexes for changes in the volume of activity. The flexible budget is more sophisticated and useful than a static budget, which remains at one amount regardless of the volume of activity. This lecture introduces you to flexible budgets with the following contents:
This chapter explores how budgets can be adjusted so that meaningful comparisons to actual costs can be made. This chapter include objectives: Prepare a flexible budget, prepare a report showing activity variances, prepare a report showing revenue and spending variances, prepare a performance report that combines activity variances and revenue and spending variances, prepare a flexible budget with more than one cost driver, understand common errors made in preparing performance reports based on budgets and actual results.
Natural Language Generation (NLG) is a way to automatically realize a correct expression in response to a communicative goal. This technology is mainly explored in the fields of machine translation, report generation, dialog system etc. In this paper we have explored the NLG technique for another novel applicationassisting disabled children to take part in conversation. The limited physical ability and mental maturity of our intended users made the NLG approach different from others. We have taken a flexible approach where main emphasis is given on flexibility and usability of the system.
When people use natural language in natural settings, they often use it ungrammatically, rnisSing out or repeating words, breaking-oil and restarting, speaking in Iragments, etc.. Their human listeners are usually able to cope with these deviations with little difficulty. If a computer system wislles tc accept natural language input from its users on a routine basis, it must display a similar indifference. In this paper, we outline a set of parsing flexibiiilies that :',uch a system should provide. We go, on to describe FlexP.
Approaches to natural language processing that use a phrasal lexicon have the advantage of easily handling linguistic constructions that might otherwise be extragrammatical. However, current phrasal lexicons are often too rigid: their phrasal entries fail to cover the more flexible constructions. FLUSH, for Flexible Lexicon Utilizing Specialized and Hierarchical knowledge, is a knowledge-based lexicon design that allows broad phrasal coverage.
From a processing point of view, however, flexible categorial systems are problematic, since they introduce spurious ambiguity. In this paper, we present a flexible categorial grammar which makes extensive use of the product-operator, first introduced by Lambek (1958). The grammar has the property that for every reading of a sentence, a strictly left-branching derivation can be given. This leads to the definition of a subset of the grammar, for which the spurious ambiguity problem does not arise and efficient processing is possible. ...
Chapter 11 explain what is meant by tax efficiency, compare the excess burden of different taxes using indifference curves, determine the magnitude of excess burden using the consumer surplus concept, explain the meaning of administrative efficiency and how it can be achieved, show what is meant by tax evasion and how to reduce it, define tax flexibility.
The new edition of Focus on IELTS not only prepares students for IELTS but also equips them with the tools they need to succeed in academic life.
Additional exam practice is available with the interactive iTests on this CD-ROM. The first complete and integrated IELTS preparation course, providing comprehensive exam skills development and graded practice. The Coursebook contains 20 short units organised into thematically linked pairs. The first unit in each pair focuses on reading and vocabulary, the second unit focuses on listening and writing skills.
This user manual is part of the WinCC flexible documentation. The manual provides you with
a complete overview of configuring with WinCC flexible. The manual supports you in creating
new projects, in the procedure used during configuration and in transferring a project to an
The manual is intended for newcomers, operators and configuration engineers involved in
configuration, commissioning, installation and service with WinCC flexible.
The help integrated in WinCC flexible, the WinCC flexible Information System, contains
In design of a flexible manufacturing system (FMS), different combinations of scheduling rules can be
applied to its simulation model. Each combination satisfies a very limited number of
Evaluation of scheduling rules
is an inevitable task for any scheduler.
The role of emotions
HRI is also an important research area so that human and robot can follow
stand each other's emotional expression. Development of appropriate control architecture
facilitate flexible human-machine communication and cooperation cooperation is essential for
HRI. A control architecture proposed basis for the interaction and coat drive
a sensor research and development, the communication modes and protocols, and
system development. In addition, a majority of HRI research related to the application
and learn lessons from the man-machine applications....
Already big in Asia and Europe, retort flexible packaging is poised to penetrate deep into lucrative North American markets still dominated by metal cans and glass bottles. by Andrew Mykytiuk, Editor-in-Chief
Strength of the pouch has always been an issue. Most people associate metal cans with strength and can’t believe plastic can be as strong as steel—even people in the packaging industry. “I had one client take a #10 pouch and It tastes better throw it across the factory floor to see if Food packaged in a conventional can the seal would hold,” says Hoss.
Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) have attracted enormous attention in the recent years because of their potential for flat panel displays and solid state lighting. This potential lies in the amazing flexibility offered by the synthesis of new organic compounds and by low-cost fabrication techniques, making these devices very promising for the market.