The growth of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a tool for studying brain function, as opposed
to its more traditional role as a tool for studying brain anatomy and pathology, has been quite
remarkable over the past decade. This has been driven in large measure by an appreciation of the
considerable potential for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to increase our understanding
of how the human brain works, both in the normal and diseased states.
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of brain is typically called fMRI. It has
become a fundamental modality of imaging at any MRI suite of service center or
hospital. Our book has been compiled with the aim of incorporating a wide range of
applied neuropsychological evaluation methods. It is aimed at those who are
embarking on neuropsychological research projects, as well as relatively experienced
psychologists and neuroscientists who might wish to further develop their
Several of the conference’s participants presented the results of
fMRI studies of participants performing aesthetic appreciation
tasks. As in other areas of neuroscience, however, blobs of signiﬁ-
cant BOLD response tell us little unless one really understands
their relation to the cognitive and affective processes involved in
the speciﬁc task.
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The rate of technological progress is encouraging increasingly sophisticated lines of
enquiry in cognitive neuroscience and shows no sign of slowing down in the
foreseeable future. Nevertheless, it is unlikely that even the strongest advocates of the
cognitive neuroscience approach would maintain that advances in cognitive theory
have kept in step with methods-based developments. There are several candidate
reasons for the failure of neuroimaging studies to convincingly resolve many of the
most important theoretical debates in the literature.
In recent years, great advancements have been made in understanding the mechanisms of the functioning
of the human brain. Technological developments such as functional magnetic resonance
imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetoencephalography (MEG) have
made possible the mapping of the images of cerebral activity from hemodynamic, metabolic or electromagnetic