Food crops

Xem 1-20 trên 91 kết quả Food crops
  • This project aims to increase the productivity and profitability of potato production in the Red River Delta (RRD) through an integrated crop production and marketing program. The project is a co-operative research and extension program between the Food Crops Research Institute (FCRI), Agriculture Western Australia and Curtin University. Improvements in productivity and net returns will be achieved by training Vietnamese agronomists and extension agents in the methodologies used by the potato industry in Western Australia (WA)....

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  • The most compelling and credible testimony to biotech crops is that during the 16 year period 1996 to 2011, millions of farmers in 29 countries worldwide, elected to make more than 100 million independent decisions to plant and replant an accumulated hectarage of more than 1.25 billion hectares – an area 25% larger than the total land mass of the US or China – there is one principal and overwhelming reason that underpins the trust and confidence of risk-averse farmers in biotechnology – biotech crops deliver substantial, and sustainable, socio-economic and environmental benefits.

    pdf30p nguyen_vu 28-11-2011 64 13   Download

  • Water used in slaughtering operations are considered one source of infected carcass during slaughter, particularly in the private slaughterhouses. The purpose of this study was to identify some species of microorganisms causing food poisoning from the water samples used in the slaughter ...

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  • In 2008 food prices surged plunging millions back into hunger and triggering riots from Egypt to Haiti and Cameroon to Bangladesh. Whereas fuel prices, which also surged, have fallen back sharply food prices remain problematic with wheat, corn and soya still higher than they were 12-18 months ago. In order to understand the factors underpinning the food crisis and to assess trends, UNEP commissioned a Rapid Response team of internal and international experts. Their conclusions are presented in this report launched during UNEP’s 25th Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum.

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  • In much of the world without artifi cial irrigation, the agricultural year can be divided into a crop production period followed by a post-harvest period. Crop production lasts for three months or more but the post-harvest period may stretch from the end of one growing season to the next, often at least six months. If there is only one rainy season then it may last for as long as ten months. In the European Union, intervention storage may last for several years.

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  • Although the number of people in danger of malnutrition worldwide has decreased significantly in the past 30 years, thanks in part to the Green Revolution of the 20th century, an estimated 800 million people still lack adequate access to food. The world is now on the cusp of a second potential agricultural revolution, the

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  • Viet Nam’s success in achieving rapid agricultural growth since the implementation of policy reforms in the late 1980s is now well documented (World Bank 2004). Agri-cultural growth was fueled mainly by growth in rice productivity following the rapid adoption of modern varieties, increased fertilizer use, and increased cropping intensity.

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  • Several agencies and organizations have intensified their efforts to increase the productivity of land in these countries.They have introduced new strains of seed, improved irrigation techniques, and introduced new methods of fertilization and soil management.With ample sunlight for photosynthesis and modern irrigation techniques, sustainable farming techniques should allow farmers to boost aggregate production in order to meet demand.

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  • At its simplest, biotechnology is technology based on biology. From that perspective, the use of biological processes is hardly noteworthy. We began growing crops and raising animals 10,000 years ago to provide a stable supply of food and clothing. We have used the biological processes of microorganisms for 6,000 years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products. Crops? Cheese? That doesn’t sound very exciting. So why does biotechnology receive so much attention?...

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  • Agricultural biotechnology offers great promise for Africa and tissue culture and marker-assisted selection are already in widespread use across the continent. However, the safe application of these technologies requires functioning biosafety systems. The report focuses on the special issues related to biosafety in Africa.Crops can be improved by conventional breeding, by tissue culture and by marker-aided selection. But for many improvements - such as drought and salinity tolerance - GM technology is going to be essential.

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  • The global annual potential bioethanol production from the major crops, corn, barley, oat, rice, wheat, sorghum, and sugar cane, is estimated. To avoid con/icts between human food use and industrial use of crops, only the wasted crop, which is de0ned as crop lost in distribution, is considered as feedstock. Lignocellulosic biomass such as crop residues and sugar cane bagasse are included in feedstock for producing bioethanol as well. There are about 73:9 Tg ofdry wasted crops in the world that could potentially produce 49:1 GL year−1 ofbioethanol.

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  • The advance of chemicals in industry during the XX century gave rise to a number of highly aggressive compounds to human beings, and that altered the ecosystems balancing. Human population is inevitably exposed to environmental pollution through air-degraded products, water, the soil and food and their introduction into the food chain (Gomez et al, 2011). The use of pesticides has been recognized and accepted as an essential ingredient in the modern agriculture for the control of pests, which damage crops and as a result, they produce a severe loss in food production.

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  • Water is finite on earth. There is a fixed amount of water which neither decreases or increases. Fresh water is a renewable resource because of the water cycle. From a human perspective the source of freshwater is rainfall. Most of this rainfall is used directly for vegetative growth, such as natural vegetation, pasture, rain-fed maize etc. This process, known as transpiration, is highly productive and produces in Southern Africa the bulk of food crops.

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  • Soil fertility is critical for the provision of adequate food, fiber and renewable natural resources(fuel,wood etc.). In the developing world soil fertility is linked to economic well being of many farm families. Poor soils means poor harvest leading to low returns for the over 60% of the population of developing countries relying on agriculture for survival.Use of inorganic and organic fertilizers in addition to biological processes to improve the fertility of the soil requires good understanding of their practical use and management.

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  • However, in 2009, about 15% of world corn production is converted into ethanol fuel. More subtle example occurs when a inedible biomass as energy source, but its production still compete with food supply chain. Recent world food price increases, especially in 2008 has been blamed a classification of food crops towards biofuels production.

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  • The basal food crop of the people of China, Korea and Japan is rice, and the mean consumption in Japan, for the five years ending 1906, per capita and per annum, was 302 pounds. Of Japan's 175,428 square miles she devoted, in 1906, 12,856 to the rice crop. Her average yield of water rice on 12,534 square miles exceeded 33 bushels per acre, and the dry land rice averaged 18 bushels per acre on 321 square miles. In the Hokkaido, as far north as northern Illinois, Japan harvested 1,780,000 bushels of water rice from 53,000 acres. In Szechwan province, China,...

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  • Permits may be required for parades, the sale and consumption of alcohol, pyrotechnics, and the sale of food items. Fire safety inspections should be required. Permission may also be required if it will be necessary to close certain adjacent or peripheral roads or streets. A permit may be required for the mass gathering itself. Most public sector agencies have adopted a “User Pays” policy for services provided at sporting and entertainment events.

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  • Protected cropping provides vegetable growers with an opportunity to enhance product quality and improve food safety. The overall objective of this project was to provide Vietnamese scientists and extension specialists with the training and tools to implement and foster regionally feasible improvements to current vegetable production practices and supply chains. This was achieved through: 1) greenhouse replicated experiments and demonstration trials in Northern, Central and Southern Vietnam; 2) four in-country workshops and 3) two Australian study tours for research and extension personnel.

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  • BUCAP BHUTAN: THE CASE OF RICE 14.1.1 Origin of the initiative Bhutan has a high altitudinal and climatic variation, and therefore is blessed with a rich biological diversity and a wealth of plant genetic resources. Rice is the staple food crop

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  • Increasing attention has also been given to dissecting and understanding diversity in relation to genes underlying important agronomic traits in a number of crops. Molecular phylogenetics and genetic diversity analysis can help to clarify the taxonomic identity and evolutionary relationships of the wild relatives of crop species. These methods can also help prevent misidentification and carefully plan effective germplasm management strategies.

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