Already big in Asia and Europe, retort flexible packaging is poised to penetrate deep into lucrative North American markets still dominated by metal cans and glass bottles. by Andrew Mykytiuk, Editor-in-Chief
Strength of the pouch has always been an issue. Most people associate metal cans with strength and can’t believe plastic can be as strong as steel—even people in the packaging industry. “I had one client take a #10 pouch and It tastes better throw it across the factory floor to see if Food packaged in a conventional can the seal would hold,” says Hoss.
However, in 2009, about 15% of world corn
production is converted into ethanol fuel. More subtle example occurs when a
inedible biomass as energy source, but its production still compete with food
supply chain. Recent world food price increases, especially in 2008 has been blamed
a classification of food crops towards biofuels production.
Then work backwards on the
overall margins to see what the range will need to be for your product to be competitive
in the end market and pay for all the value chain functions between you and the
consumer. Price margin examples have been provided for handicraft items, but note
that other product lines – food, personal care products, etc. many have different
margins. Shipping and warehouse costs tend to be consistent across products, since
space is space for these functions. The exception is when climate controlled (e.g.
“One size fits all” is not appropriate for poverty reduction, because con-
ditions are different and because governments’ abilities are different.
FOSIS in Chile, a fund that was not supported in any major way by the
IDB, is a central part of the government’s machinery for poverty allevia-
tion and is extremely flexible. The fund concentrates on productive
projects, supports substantial microcredit activities, and imparts sub-
stantial training to communities.
The ability to conduct research independently, accurately, and effectively plays a fundamental role in college
and the workplace. Research skills are critical tools for acquiring, extending, and sharing knowledge in
academic and workplace settings, and students must be able to determine when and how to conduct and
Due to this very detrimental environmental hazard experienced during this period by
Zanzibar islands, with very sensitive and fragile ecosystem the Ministry of Health and
Social Welfare in collaboration with WHO decided to develop these official and very
comprehensive guidelines based on the National Drug Policy, WHO guidelines and
the Zanzibar Food, Drugs and Cosmetics Act No 2/2006.
Therefore these guidelines give appropriate measures of safe disposal to minimize the risks
that could happen due to pharmaceutical waste. ...
I am a cardiologist—a physician who specializes in the prevention and
medical treatment of heart disease. I have spent the past twenty-five
years fully engaged in the battle to lower the likelihood of heart disease
for my patients and my country. In addition to my work with patients,
I have written several cardiology textbooks and continue to edit the
major intensive care textbook in the country, Irwin and Rippe’s Intensive
Care Medicine. I have also written books for the general public concerning
simple steps that we can all take to lower our risk of heart disease.
The design and use of performance measurement and control systems from an integrated systems
view of an organization. An important aspect of the course is to "think out of the box" in terms of
how to design more flexible and adaptive cost management and performance measurement
systems to help organizations become more flexible and responsive in meeting customer needs.
Performance measurement and control are discussed in light of an integrated systems view of an
organization, the principles of the Toyota Way, the Toyota Production System, and Lean
The last one or two decades of this century can be described in many different ways,
and the direction in which we aremoving has been discussed in many different fora.
However, there can be little doubt that worldwide globalization issues have been in the
forefront of every discussion. Globalization means moving away from well-known, traditional
structures, organizational forms, and hierarchies and entering the unknown; it means
change. And just as we have seen change in the global economy, so should we also expect
change in the global agricultural research system.
Current ‘envelope’ authorisations will be re-examined to ensure that they are still appropriate and represent
BAT. In practice the plant may be over-designed for many of the reactions so that it accommodates the full
range of operational conditions. The extra cost of this being offset against the commercial advantage the
operator may secure through increased flexibility. If plant usage evolves into a single product then it must be
optimised to ensure that it uses BAT to produce that product.
Addressing the options for domestic sustainable agriculture policies in developing countries, it is
generally observed that the world’s agriculture trade system is progressively moving towards an
open-market system, a process which is desirable from both a trade as well as a sustainable
development point of view.
In these ongoing negotiations, three main groupings have emerged. A cautious group comprising
European and other Northern countries promotes the maintenance of the current concept
embodied in the AoA and to take account of non-trade concerns (NTCs) in the further
liberalization process. The ambitious camp of net-food exporters such as Cairns Group countries
and the United States call for significant progress in market access and the elimination of both
export subsidies and trade distortive domestic support.
Accordingly, the ambitious group demands transparent, criteria-based and reduced use of Green
Box payments, while the cautious party intends to develop the Green Box as a flexible tool with
which negative domestic non-trade effects of trade liberalization can be buffered and absorbed.
The special consideration group also asserts such flexibility, but only for their particular domestic
concerns such as food security and rural development, as well as reducing disparity in levels of
domestic support among countries and easing the harm caused by developed country trade
Developing countries devote all their available capacities to safeguard their small and
poor farmers from being sidelined by things like growing competition through
efficient support measures. They use their flexibilities to provide production-linked
support to the fullest extent as, on the one hand, such payments are easier to
administer and as they help creating basic food security by increasing production of
staple crops. Support to rural development in general and to the environment would
Combining the above approaches, the developing country would direct a sufficient
share of its available funding to those targets where the country has identified the
highest degree of developmental importance such as food security. To that end, the
country makes full use of the flexibilities provided in the AoA. However, these
measures are embedded in a broader rural development and agri-environmental
strategy and are designed in way so that they can be transformed to policies eligible
under the Green Box as well.