ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION STRUCTURE, TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE, AND PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH FOR THE U.S FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS SECTOR It seems
that parents are sorting on some characteristics of school districts, though not on anything
that serves to increase student performance conditional on individual and peer
It similarly seems unlikely that paren
This report emanates from the results of a study that examined the impact of HIV/AIDS on the public and private health facilities in South Africa, and outlines the subsystems that are affected. Both public and private sector health facilities have reported an increase in the number of patients seeking clinical care for people living with HIV/AIDS, leading to increased admissions to medical and paediatric wards and increased workloads. This study addresses these issues and makes recommendations for managing the HIV/AIDS case load.
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increased rates of obesity have become a public health concern
because obesity is associated with chronic disease and
adverse health outcomes (Institute of Medicine 2005). Furthermore,
because obesity is now a characteristic of populations
and not only of individuals, researchers, government
health organizations, and advocacy groups characterize
obesity as an epidemic (Institute of Medicine 2005, 2006a;
World Health Organization 2003).
This study combines the discussions of the main impacts on the European
food sector (food crises, technology progress, globalisation) with a forward
looking exercise. As a result, key categories for future research in the
European food sector are outlined, and potential research priorities are
The distrust of consumers towards policy makers and food industry in the
wake of several severe food scandals obviously had a strong influence on
scientists and experts linked to the present study.
Despite expectations born a decade ago, there are only a few successes in stratified
medicine up to now and its implementation proves to be challenging in many aspects.
Numerous factors are considered in making decisions. Indeed the pharmaceutical sector
becomes increasingly aware of the potential benefits of stratified medicine but it seems
inhibited by uncertainties.
describe environmentally conscious design technique in the field on buildings and
architecture: how to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by
enhancing the energy efficiency, water efficiency, use sustainable (renewable or
recyclables) materials of construction. Section 4 is a collection of articles related to
sustainable agriculture and food security: systems of food production that provide
secure supply to meet the world growing population.
In the past twenty years, a wide array of social, environmental and quality standards, codes of
practices and certification programmes have appeared in agriculture and the food sector.1
Governments and their research and extension branches have traditionally developed
production guidelines for specific commodities or systems. In recent years, especially in
developed countries, governments have also established regulations on food safety and quality,
voluntary standards on organic agriculture, and sustainability assessments schemes.
The milk production system in Pakistan is characterized by large
numbers of small, geographically dispersed dairy producers who have
marketable surpluses of milk but face diseconomies of scale in marketing it
to demand centers in distant urban areas. The traditional middlemen who
procure milk from rural areas close to the cities offer at best modest returns
to the farmers. In the past couple of decades, two institutional developments
have taken place in the milk processing sector.
The model shows that developing countries will consume and produce a much greater share of the
world’s fish in the future, and trade in fish commodities will also increase. As aquaculture expands, especially
in developing countries, environmental concerns such as effluent pollution, escaped farmed fish,
land conversion, and pressure on stocks from fishmeal demand will only increase with time unless technologies
and policies promote sustainable intensification.
This report is the result of a joint activity of DG RTD and DG JRC-IPTS, which
was launched in July 2000. The aim was to identify potential priorities for
future research areas in European food technology and food safety. This
should provide targeted information for decision-makers in DG Research in
order to set the appropriate priorities for future research programmes. The
main focus was initially set on advanced technology developments in the food
sector and on socio-economic factors, which are expected to have an impact
on the food producing industry.
In modern technological society small businesses are expected to have an innovative role in the emerging knowledge economy, especially at an international level (EC, 2005; BERR, 2008). In fact the effective use of technological innovation is considered to be a prerequisite for small business survival (Packham, 2002; Packham et al, 2005). It has long been recognised that the small business sector is important for economic growth and it has been noted that there is a need for an international focus on small businesses having access to international markets (OECD, 2005).
INSTITUTE OF POLICY AND STRATEGY FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL POLICY
CARD Project 030/06 VIE: Developing a strategy for enhancing the competitiveness of rural small and medium enterprises in the agro-food chain: the case of animal feed
SMALL-MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN THE LIVESTOCK FEED SECTOR IN VIETNAM VOLUME I: Livestock feed production
Pham Thi Lien Phuong1, Nguyen Thi Thinh1, Donna Brennan2, Sally Marsh2, Bui Hai Nguyen1
Center for Agricultural Policy, Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Ru...
The purpose of the above review of the livestock component in the
First Five-Year Plan is twofold. First, is to provide a sort of benchmark that
would be readily comparable with later policies and developments in the
sector. It is clear that the government wanted to keep production in the
private sector but saw an important role for itself in marketing, distribution
and even processing of livestock and livestock products. It would not hesitate
to intervene in the market to alter prices.
Trading partner Canada has established the Canadian Adaptation and Rural Development
(CARD), national and regional adaptation programs that provide assistance to the sector in the area
of research, innovation, capturing market opportunities, environmental sustainability, food safety
and quality, human resource capacity building and rural development.
Multiple techniques and channels are used to reach youth, beginning when they are toddlers, to
build brand identification and influence food product purchases. Unfortunately, foods
marketed to children—from highly sweetened cereals to cookies, candy, fast foods, and soda—are
predominantly high in calories, sugar, and fat.
Social funds should not replace the public sector in tasks that are the
government’s inherent responsibility. To do so can undermine ongoing
public sector reform and institution-building programs.
The objective of funds should be to reinforce and broaden, rather than
supplant, the role of state institutions in the social field. Undoubtedly, in
many countries, fund portfolios are going to continue to have schools
and health posts and other such social projects because funds have been
shown to be effective in that role.
In the medium term, Zimbabwe’s prospects and performance will be largely
determined by political developments and key reforms aimed at improving the
investment climate especially in the areas of the property rights, indigenization, and
land reform, which make up the risks to the outlook. In addition, the speed and
determination with which the Government addresses the issue of external indebtedness will
be vital, as this will unlock critical resources required for investment in the various sectors of
the economy and in infrastructure in particular....
Approximately18% of the global cattle population is from SAP. Out of this, the largest
share is from India, which has about 10% of the world’s population by itself. In Asia, about
90% of the contribution of the livestock sector is from small holders and this proportion is
pretty consistent across countries. The respective agriculture policies of the countries show a
serious commitment of governments to improve the general economy through the livestock
sector, with particular support to smallholders.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Major multinational food and beverage companies and informal sector contributions to global food consumption: implications for nutrition policy
The study provides a comprehensive picture of the animal feed sector in Vietnam (both supply and
demand side) upon data collected from 2 main surveys: feed mill survey investigating the supply side
and producer survey investigating the demand side. The results show that, on the supply side, SMEs
appear to have less competitiveness than large ones. That is reflected in some aspects such as higher
production costs per kg output, using more labor, limited quality control, limited access to capital and
land, and many small enterprises have losses.