USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) projects that
average per capita food consumption for 67 low-income
countries will increase in the next decade. ERS also projects
that the number of people failing to meet their nutritional
requirements will decline from 774 million in 2000 to 694
million in 2010, providing an improved outlook for global
food security. But the gains are not uniform across countries
and in many food insecurity will probably intensify.
Introduction Global food production has grown faster than the world's population over the past forty years. Yet many poor countries and millions of poor people continue to suffer from food insecurity and hunger. USDA’ Economic Research Service (ERS) estimates that a third of the population of s 67 developing countries— roughly 900 million people— currently suffer
There are many causes of food insecurity, among them macro and micro issues, the roots of which are essentially internal or indirectly caused by relationships with other countries. Examples are political instability, poor economic governance, poverty and a lack of sustainable household income. The issue of HIV/AIDS has added another critical dimension to the search for food security.
Food availability, access, stability and utilization are all part of the multi-dimensional nature of food security. The “availability” aspect, discussed here, refers to the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or inputs.
Productivity is usually considered the ultimate benchmark when comparing the performance of agricultural systems. For example, those involved in agricultural research and development want to know how much yield would be reduced if conventional agriculture were converted to organic agriculture.
Tham khảo sách 'sustainable development – education, business and management – architecture and building construction – agriculture and food security', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
The United States is viewed by the world as a country with plenty of
food, yet not all households in America are food secure, meaning
access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. A proportion
of the population experiences food insecurity at some time in a
given year because of food deprivation and lack of access to food due to
economic resource constraints. Still, food insecurity in the United States is
not of the same intensity as in some developing countries.
Contemporary interest in food is not confined to pleasure in its
consumption, but extends in every direction: to its economic
importance, the semiotics of food taste, the dangers of food
additives and the politics of food security. We live in societies
as dominated by food preferences as by sexual preferences, as
obsessed about eating too little as by eating too much. In
addition our interest in food is associated, for good and evil,
with our interest in ‘nature’.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Food assistance is associated with improved body mass index, food security and attendance at clinic in an HIV program in central Haiti: a prospective observational cohort study...
Viet Nam’s success in achieving rapid agricultural growth since the implementation of policy reforms in the late 1980s is now well documented (World Bank 2004). Agri-cultural growth was fueled mainly by growth in rice productivity following the rapid adoption of modern varieties, increased fertilizer use, and increased cropping intensity.
The WHO Regional Office for Europe encourages and supports countries
in developing and implementing their food and nutrition action
plans. Two major publications provide an important part of this support. Each
covers the same information, but tailors it to meet the needs of very different
This book has its conceptual origin from the lecture materials of the training
courses taught by one of the authors in the early nineties. It was during this
period that in several developing nations, particularly in Africa, even when the
signs of widespread hunger and abject poverty were visible, policy makers did
not act for want of ‘empirical evidence’. Some policy makers even dismissed the
severity of the problem saying that the hunger reports prepared by government
officials were not rigorous enough to take them seriously.
The new century has begun with some of the lowest grain prices in recent memory.
From an economist’s vantage point, this is a sure sign of excess production capacity.
However, there may be more here than meets the economist’s eye.
Natural scientists, many of whom have contributed to this volume, see something
very different. They see reason to be concerned about such issues as the overplowing
of land and the overpumping of aquifers. They look at sustainable production and
see a worrisome fraction of world food output being produced with the unsustainable
use of land and water....
In 2000, the WHO Regional Committee for Europe requested the Regional Director,
in resolution EUR/RC50/R8, to take action to help fulfil WHO’s role in
implementing its first food and nutrition action plan for the WHO European
Region. This included presenting Member States with a review of the scientific
evidence needed to develop integrated and comprehensive national food and nutrition
Be sides pro vid ing food, the driv ing force be-
hind in creased live stock pro duc tion, live stock have
other valu able uses. Live stock re main the most im-
por tant if not the sole form of non hu man power
avail able to poor farm ers in much of the de vel op ing
world. The poor, in par ticu lar, use fer til izer from
live stock op era tions, es pe cially when ris ing pe tro-
leum prices make chemi cal fer til iz ers un af ford able.
Live stock also store value and pro vide in sur...
Unlike natural disasters, where any disruption to business service provision is likely to be
hardware-related, disruption to business operation in the event of a pandemic is
anticipated to be mainly human-resource oriented. Individual employers must consider
their workforces and their particular circumstances. However, most should plan for up to
50% staff absences for periods of about two weeks at the height of a severe pandemic
wave, and lower levels of staff absence for a few weeks either side of the peak. Overall,
a pandemic wave may last about 8 weeks.