Interactive Data Visualization for the Web makes these skills available at an introductory level for designers and visual artists without programming experience, journalists interested in the emerging data journalism processes, and others keenly interested in visualization and publicly available data sources.
Get a practical introduction to data visualization, accessible for beginners
With PHP for the World Wide Web, Fourth Edition: Visual QuickStart Guide, readers can start from the beginning to get a tour of the programming language, or look up specific tasks to learn just what they need to know. This task-based visual reference guide uses step-by-step instructions and plenty of screenshots to teach beginning and intermediate users this popular open-source scripting language. Leading technology author Larry Ullman guides readers through the latest developments including use and awareness of HTML5 with PHP.
Now there are three TOEFL for¬mats—the Paper-Based TOEFL, the Computer-Based TOEFL, and the Next Generation TOEFL—each of which requires slightly different preparation. In addition to the explanations and examples of each format that are provided in this book, the official TOEFL web site is a good re¬source for the most recent changes.
This is not one of your “Learn HTML in 24 Hours” books, nor is it one of the
many introductory books on web graphics. It won’t teach you how to imitate
the stylistic tricks of famous web designers, turn ugly typography into
ugly 3-D typography, or build online shopping carts by bouncing databases
from one cryptic programming environment to another. This is a book for
working designers who seek to understand the Web as a medium and learn
how they can move to a career in web design. It’s also suited to designers
who wish to add web design to their repertoire of client services....
It might also mean that you’re ready to take a leap of faith and start reading about something that sounds too good to be true. Ater all, I had a work-shop atendee tell me last summer, “he only reason I signed up for your workshop is because I didn’t believe...
This book is broken into four primary sections addressing key topics that Linux programmers need to master: Linux nuts and bolts, the Linux kernel, the Linux desktop, and Linux for the Web
Effective examples help get readers up to speed with building software on a Linux-based system while using the tools and utilities that contribute to streamlining the software development process
This paper presents an unsupervised relation extraction method for discovering and enhancing relations in which a speciﬁed concept in Wikipedia participates. Using respective characteristics of Wikipedia articles and Web corpus, we develop a clustering approach based on combinations of patterns: dependency patterns from dependency analysis of texts in Wikipedia, and surface patterns generated from highly redundant information related to the Web. Evaluations of the proposed approach on two different domains demonstrate the superiority of the pattern combination over existing approaches. ...
We apply pattern-based methods for collecting hypernym relations from the web. We compare our approach with hypernym extraction from morphological clues and from large text corpora. We show that the abundance of available data on the web enables obtaining good results with relatively unsophisticated techniques.
We propose a method to generate large-scale encyclopedic knowledge, which is valuable for much NLP research, based on the Web. We ﬁrst search the Web for pages containing a term in question. Then we use linguistic patterns and HTML structures to extract text fragments describing the term. Finally, we organize extracted term descriptions based on word senses and domains. In addition, we apply an automatically generated encyclopedia to a question answering system targeting the Japanese InformationTechnology Engineers Examination. ...
As the arm of NLP technologies extends beyond a small core of languages, techniques for working with instances of language data across hundreds to thousands of languages may require revisiting and recalibrating the tried and true methods that are used. Of the NLP techniques that has been treated as “solved” is language identiﬁcation (language ID) of written text. However, we argue that language ID is far from solved when one considers input spanning not dozens of languages, but rather hundreds to thousands, a number that one approaches when harvesting language data found on the Web.
Until very recently, most NLP tasks (e.g., parsing, tagging, etc.) have been conﬁned to a very limited number of languages, the so-called majority languages. Now, as the ﬁeld moves into the era of developing tools for Resource Poor Languages (RPLs)—a vast majority of the world’s 7,000 languages are resource poor—the discipline is confronted not only with the algorithmic challenges of limited data, but also the sheer difﬁculty of locating data in the ﬁrst place.
In this paper, we present a new method for learning to finding translations and transliterations on the Web for a given term. The approach involves using a small
set of terms and translations to obtain mixed-code snippets from a search engine, and automatically annotating the snippets with tags and features for training a conditional random field model.
We present a novel framework for automated extraction and approximation of numerical object attributes such as height and weight from the Web. Given an object-attribute pair, we discover and analyze attribute information for a set of comparable objects in order to infer the desired value. This allows us to approximate the desired numerical values even when no exact values can be found in the text.
This paper presents an adaptive learning framework for Phonetic Similarity Modeling (PSM) that supports the automatic construction of transliteration lexicons. The learning algorithm starts with minimum prior knowledge about machine transliteration, and acquires knowledge iteratively from the Web. We study the active learning and the unsupervised learning strategies that minimize human supervision in terms of data labeling. The learning process refines the PSM and constructs a transliteration lexicon at the same time. ...
This paper presents an approach for the automatic acquisition of qualia structures for nouns from the Web and thus opens the possibility to explore the impact of qualia structures for natural language processing at a larger scale. The approach builds on earlier work based on the idea of matching speciﬁc lexico-syntactic patterns conveying a certain semantic relation on the World Wide Web using standard search engines. In our approach, the qualia elements are actually ranked for each qualia role with respect to some measure. ...
This paper proposes a method of collecting a dozen terms that are closely related to a given seed term. The proposed method consists of three steps. The ﬁrst step, compiling corpus step, collects texts that contain the given seed term by using search engines. The second step, automatic term recognition, extracts important terms from the corpus by using Nakagawa’s method. These extracted terms become the candidates for the ﬁnal step. The ﬁnal step, ﬁltering step, removes inappropriate terms from the candidates based on search engine hits.
We argue for the need for systems that output fewer terms, but with a higher precision. Moreover, all the above were conducted on language pairs including English. It would be possible, albeit more difficult, to obtain comparable corpora for pairs such as French-Japanese. We will try to remove the need to gather corpora beforehand altogether. To achieve this, we use the web as our only source of data. This idea is not new, and has already been tried by Cao and Li (2002) for base noun phrase translation. ...
Web 2.0 Ajax portals are among the most successful web applications of the Web
2.0 generation. iGoogle and Pageflakes are the pioneers in this market and were
among the first to show Ajax’s potential. Portal sites give users a personal homepage
with one-stop access to information and entertainment from all over the Web, as
well as dashboards that deliver powerful content aggregation for enterprises. A Web
2.0 portal can be used as a content repository just like a SharePoint or DotNetNuke
site. Because they draw on Ajax to deliver rich, client-side interactivity, Web 2.
HTML5 & CSS3 for the Real World will show you how to create dynamic websites using these new technologies. No fluff or hype here â€“ Only fun, effective techniques you can start using today.
This easy-to-follow guide covers everything you need to know to get started today. Youâ€™ll master the new semantic markup available in HTML5, as well as how to use CSS3 without sacrificing clean markup or resorting to complex workarounds.
Microsoft WSH and VBScript Programming for the Absolute Beginner by Jerry Lee Ford Part 1. If you are new to programming with Microsoft WSH and VBScript and are looking for a solid introduction, this is the book for you. Developed by computer science professors, books in the for the absolute beginner series teach the principles of programming through simple game creation.
You will acquire the skills that you need for more practical WSH and VBScript programming applications and will learn how these skills can be put to use in real-world scenarios.