Virtually all comprehensive sexuality education programs promote abstinence from sexual activity as part
of the curriculum, and try to teach young people how to resist pressure for unwanted sex. One type of
program known as the “abstinence-only-until-marriage” approach teaches young people the social,
psychological, and health gains to be realized by abstaining from sexual activity. Such abstinence-only
programs do not offer students other strategies, for example, quality information for youth who already
are or may become sexually active.
Not surprisingly, perhaps, the trend toward a predominantly female profession is not
restricted to the UK. According to statistics from the American Veterinary Medical
Association (AVMA), the number of female veterinarians in the US more than doubled
between 1991 and 2002 (Zhao, 2002). Whereas only 5% of applications to US vet schools
were from females in the late 1960s, by the end of the 1990s, over seventy percent of
applications were from young women.
The Scientific Contest held for the second time this year has allowed 100
excellent young scientist of under 34 years to be supported by the Society to
join us in Florence, by providing free registration and accomodation.
The contest has been extremely tight, and although the scientific committee
could select only 100 winners, the scientific level was so high that ISGE
decided to support anyway those who did not get through, by providing a
reduced registration rate to the congress. This is the first of a series of moves
to help the young and the brightest to contribute to...
Young women in the focus groups who told us they had been to career planning and
career fairs with their school had a much broader range of professional aspirations,
whereas those who said they had not had any career planning, aspired to work that is
likely more familiar: social workers, nurses or probation officers. More research is needed
to corroborate this, however it is safe to say that career education and role models for
youth can only broaden their horizons and show them a larger variety of paths to take in
When asked, young women have...
This increased level of risk among young men is not confined to driving. The
WHO (1999) and (2002) report that men are also more likely to die from falls,
drowning, poisoning and a range of other events. Only in the case of deaths in
fires are women slightly more over-represented than men. The report also notes
that injury and fatality rates are higher among men for every type of road injury
victim in several developing countries. In Kampala, Uganda, for example, males
outnumbered females by between 2 and 7 to 1 among injured vehicle drivers,
passengers and pedestrians. In the...
Despite a well-articulated policy framework
and effective use of the SWAp structure to
coordinate donor activities through technical
working groups, there are difficulties in
achieving translation of SRH policy into
decentralised operations at district level.
While progress with maternal and neonatal
mortality rates is encouraging, they remain
unacceptably high, and with life expectancy
at birth only 54 years for females and 52
years for males, and HIV prevalence at 12% in
young pregnant women, the challenges are
In a 2007 research paper for the SBA, Erin Kepler and Scott Shane found that 14
percent of the women entrepreneurs in their sample had employer firms, versus nearly
22 percent of the men. The Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) found higher rates for both
genders, perhaps because it is drawn from the Dun & Bradstreet database, which
includes only young firms that are ―serious‖ enough to merit a credit report. But here
again, a gap was found: Of the firms owned solely or primarily by women, 36 percent
were employer firms, versus 44 percent for those owned solely or primarily...