Xem 1-20 trên 77 kết quả Foreign corporation
  • The tax rules of the United States and of foreign countries affect multinational corporations in a variety of ways. Researchers at the National Bureau of Eco- nomic Research have been studying the impact of taxation on multinational corporations for several years. From time to time, the results of this research have been presented at NBER conferences and subsequently published in NBER volumes. The papers in the current volume, which were presented at such a conference in January 1994, were the result of studies during the previ-...

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  • Tham khảo sách 'corporate governance in japan: institutional change and organizational diversity', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Given recent seismic upheavals in the world’s money markets, an updated edition of an authoritative, reliable textbook on the international law of foreign investment has rarely been so timely. Sornarajah’s classic text surveys how international law has developed to protect foreign investments by multinational actors and to control any misconduct on their part. It analyses treaty-based methods, examining the effectiveness of bilateral and regional investment treaties.

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  • Currency exchange is very attractive for both the corporate and individual traders who make money on the Forex - a special financial market assigned for the foreign exchange. The following features make this market different in compare to all other sectors of the world financial system: • heightened sensibility to a large and continuously changing number of factors; ...

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  • Such studies show how writers' cultural backgrounds influence their organisation of writing; what they choose to use as evidence in supporting their main ideas; how they express their main ideas; and how they write in the foreign language (Benda, 1999). They also show how different rhetorical preferences are reflected in textual organisation in different languages (Grabe & Kaplan, 1989).

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  • Foreign direct investment may improve productivity through technology transfer on the one hand, and it may also have other positive external effects through corporate linkages (e.g. market access, or improved terms of financing) on the other hand, thus promoting economic growth. These beneficial effects are not automatic, though. Until the mid-nineties Hungary had played a leading role within the region in attracting investments. After 1999, however, the country started accumulating increasing competitive disadvantages as compared to its competitors.

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  • Bonds pay fixed coupon (interest) payments at fixed intervals (usually every 6 months) and pay the par value at maturity. Debentures - unsecured bonds. Subordinated debentures - unsecured “junior” debt. Mortgage bonds - secured bonds. Zeros - bonds that pay only par value at maturity; no coupons. Junk bonds - speculative or below-investment grade bonds; rated BB and below. High-yield bonds. Eurobonds - bonds denominated in one currency and sold in another country. (Borrowing overseas). example - suppose Disney decides to sell $1,000 bonds in France. These are U.S.

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  • One of the basic building blocks for managing a successful treasury department is the establishment of a comprehensive set of treasury policies. Such policies define the principal financial risks a company is facing and how these risks will be managed by the treasury department. Chapter 1 covers the process of identifying and measuring these risks.

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  • The Mexican legal system is a mixture of U.S. constitutional theory within a civil law system. Mexico’s legal framework concerning real property includes the Federal Constitution, Federal Civil Code, state civil codes, municipal laws and ordinances. Additionally, the Foreign Investment Law and Foreign Investment Law Regulations regulate foreign investment. In Mexico, real property is classified as either public, private or communal, the nature of which will affect the property’s use and potential alienation.

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  • This volume includes eleven papers that were prepared as part of a research project on International Aspects of Taxation by the National Bureau of Economic Research. The papers examine the role of taxation in cross-border flows of capital and goods, the real and financial decisions of multinational corporations, and the implications of growing economic interdependence for a country’s choice of a tax system. These papers were presented at a conference...

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  • In the aftermath of World War II, the United States enjoyed an easy preeminence in the world economy. Neither the US education system, nor the US tax system, nor American savings habits were criticized on grounds of international competitiveness. During the 1980s, however, Americans took notice of their faults as Japan and the European Union both seemed destined to challenge US preeminence. For different reasons neither Japan nor the European Union prospered during the 1990s but the US economy thrived on a technology boom.

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  • The Basel paper on interest rate risk divides the responsibilities for interest rate risk management and oversight among the supreme management body and senior management. In the context of Austrian corporate law, the senior management would be the directors of a credit institution authorized to manage and legally represent it under Article 2 No 1 of the Austrian Banking Act.

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  • This study provides an overview and extensive analysis of company taxation in the Asia-Pacific region, India, and Russia. It is not limited to a description of the taxation systems, but goes on to analyse the effective tax rates and their influence on foreign direct investment. For the first time the renowned methodology of Devereux/Griffith for determining effective tax rates has been applied to the Asia-Pacific region, India, and Russia in an international comparison. This meth- odology is now the standard approach to measuring effective tax burdens within the European Union....

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  • A public company is a company that is not a private company. A public company may offer its shares to the general public and no limit is placed on the number of members. A private company that is a subsidiary of a company that is not a private company is also a public company. However, the status of a private subsidiary with more than one shareholder, where one is a foreign corporate body (holding company) and the other shareholder is not, depends on the status of its holding company. A “section 25” company is a company formed for the purpose...

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  • The insured event must be specified, i.e. the event cannot be a general protection against adverse deviations from targets, but must be explicitly or implicitly described in the contract. Where the contract provides an option to extend cover, this will only qualify as insurance risk at the start of the contract if the contract specifies the terms of the extended cover. The probability that the option will be exercised is taken into consideration when assessing the significance of the future insurance risk.

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  • Acquisition of stocks or shares of Korean corporations (Article 2.(1).4.(a) of the Foreign Investment Promotion Act, FIPA) ◦A foreign national purchasing stocks or shares of a Korean corporation (including a Korean corporation in the process of incorporation. Hereinafter the same shall apply) or a company run by a Korean national, for the purpose of establishing a continuous economic relationship with and participating in the management of the said Korean corporation or company.

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  • Interest rate risk remains high for banks because of a duration mis- match between deposits relative to banks’ holdings of government securities and certain housing loans. Exchange rate risk is less of a concern as banks have only a small net foreign exchange position and hedges are generally considered to be with strong institutions. In addition, large Turkish corporates have high foreign-exchange (FX) liabilities, often to foreign lenders, more willing to provide financing as markets stabilised after the crisis in 2001.

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  • The effectively connected income of a foreign corporation or international investor is taxed on a net basis at graduated rates like those applicable to U.S. corporations, citizens, and residents. Generally, U.S. source income is ECI if one of two alternative tests -- the business-activities test and the assetuse test -- is met. The business-activities test looks to whether the activities of the U.S. business are a material factor in generating the income. The asset-use test looks to whether the income is derived from assets used or held for use in the conduct of a U.S. business.

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  • This paper uses interest rate data that cover a longer period and that are based on more harmonised principles than those used by previous pass-through studies for the euro area. We find that stronger competition implies significantly lower interest rate spreads for most loan market products, as we expected.

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  • It is clear from such a definition that unusual event de- tection entails a number of challenges. The rarity of an un- usual event means that collecting sufficient training data for supervised learning will often be infeasible, necessitating methods for learning from small numbers of examples. In addition, more than one type of unusual event may occur in a given data sequence, where the event types can be ex- pected to differ markedly from one another.

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