Xem 1-20 trên 28 kết quả Forensic analysis
  • The underlying objective of a forensic analysis is trying to determine what happened and to establish facts that can be used in court.

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  • This book was a journey that began with the introduction of the iPhone 2G back in January 2007. This fascinating piece of engineering took the cell phone market by storm. Since then, manufacturers have done everything they can to knock Apple off the smartphone hill. Android has crept up but just hasn’t measured up to the total experience that Steve Jobs and Apple has given its users of mobile devices. With the iPod, Apple changed the way we consume multimedia; with the iPhone, Apple changed the way we communicate and use cell phones. ...

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  • Disclaimer The views, opinions and thoughts in this document are the views, opinions and thoughts of the author of the document and do not represent the views, opinions or thoughts of any past or current employer of the author or any other third person. The document is provided 'as is' without warranty of any kind. Use at your own responsibility. The software tools are provided for educational purposes only.

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  • Introduction: Forensic autopsy is an important task for proving crimes medically; unfortunately, every department of legal medicine of Japanese universities is suffering from insufficient staffs and budget. About 30 years ago, one of the authors started the analysis of drugs and poisons at the Department of Legal Medicine, Hiroshima University School of Medicine. At that time, the author did not have much knowledge about poison analysis; but it is a good memory that many good friends of toxicological societies gave the author many useful suggestions on analytical methods.

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  • Introduction: Barbiturates are being widely used as antiepileptics, hypnotics and anaesthetics ( Figure 6.1 and Table 6.1). The incidence of barbiturate poisoning cases tends to increase in Japan ( Figure 6.2) [1]. A majority of the barbiturate drugs is being controlled by the Narcotics ⊡ Figure 6.1 Structures of barbiturates. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 302 Barbiturates ⊡ Figure 6.2 Incidence of fatal barbiturate poisoning cases. Since fatal cases due to Vegetamin® tablets containing phenobarbital are many, its incidence rate is also shown in this figure.

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  • Introduction: Butyrophenone drugs including haloperidol are being widely used in the field of psychiatry. The acute butyrophenone poisoning incidents sometimes take place; in such cases, the analysis of a butyrophenone becomes necessary in forensic toxicology or clinical toxicology. Their analysis is being made by GC [1–4], GC/MS [5–6], HPLC [7–15] and LC/MS [16,17]. Six butyrophenones are now available as ethical drugs in Japan ( Fig. 2.1); the most typical ones are haloperidol and bromperidol, which most frequently cause poisoning incidents among butyrophenones.

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  • Introduction: As many as 5,000–6,000 mushroom species are growing in the world. Among them, only about 1,000 species are named; the majority of them are unnamed. The number of species of edible mushrooms in Japan is about 300; that of toxic mushrooms is said to be about 30. Various types of toxic mushrooms exist; some show high toxicity, while others show hallucinogenic actions. Morphological and chemical analyses for mushrooms are occasionally required in forensic science practice.

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  • Introduction: Alcohol usually means ethanol/ethyl alcohol. It has a long history for the human being, and gives euphoric effects and sometimes improves the human relationship. In contrast, there are many cases of violence, injuries, homicides and traffic accidents with drinking; close relation can be observed between ethanol and crimes/accidents. When forensic autopsies are performed, ethanol concentrations in blood and urine are routinely measured. GC analysis of ethanol using the conventional packed columns is described in many of literature [1, 2].

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  • Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law is intended to serve as an introduction and guide to the appreciation and understanding of the significant historical, contemporary, and future relationship between the world of the forensic sciences and the criminal justice system. This book is not intended to be a close study of forensic science, nor was it ever conceived as becoming one. It is devoted to a study of the judicial response to uses of forensic science in the investigation, prosecution, and defense of a crime....

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  • 4 Forensic Techniques Used in Environmental Litigation Scientific method vs. junk science 4.1 INTRODUCTION When evaluating the merits of performing non-intrusive forensic analysis (e.g., contaminant transport modeling or aerial photo-interpretation) and/or intrusive sampling and testing, three questions should be considered: 1. Does the analysis or testing advance the understanding of the technical aspects of the case? 2. Can the test results be damaging to your client? 3.

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  • Forensic DNA Typing charts the progress and development of DNA applied to criminal forensics, providing vivid demonstrations of the amazing potential of the method, not only to convict the guilty but also to exonerate the innocent. John Butler has created a text that caters to all audiences, covering the basics of DNA structure and function and describing in detail how the techniques are used. In addition, the extensive use of D.N.A. (Data, Notes, and Application) Boxes in the text enables the reader to dip in and out as he or she pleases....

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  • Introduction: The incidence of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is highest among those of various poisonings in forensic science practice; about 2/3 of the total accidental poisoning deaths is due to CO poisoning in Japan [1]. Previously, suicides, homicides and accidental deaths frequently took place using city gas containing about 9% CO. However, during recent years, city gas is being replaced by natural gas containing no CO, resulting in drastic decrease of the number of CO poisoning cases.

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  • Today, through television, most Americans have been exposed to the application of forensic science to the justice system. Programs such as Law and Order, CSI, Crossing Jordan, Cold Case Files, Forensic Files, and American Justice feature police activities, forensic laboratory technology, and courtroom procedures. These programs have made the public aware of the important role that forensic science plays in the criminal justice system, and enrollment in criminal justice and forensic science courses in college and high school has increased markedly within the last 10 years....

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  • Over the last 20 years the development and application of genetics has revolutionized forensic science. In 1984, the analysis of polymorphic regions of DNA produced what was termed ‘a DNA fingerprint’ [1]. The following year, at the request of the United Kingdom Home Office, DNA profiling was successfully applied to a real case, when it was used to resolve an immigration dispute [2]. Following on from this, in 1986, DNA evidence was used for the first time in a criminal case and identified Colin Pitchfork as the killer of two school girls in Leicestershire, UK.

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  • Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law (Second Edition), is intended to serve as an introduction and guide to the appreciation and understanding of the significant historic, contemporary, and future relationship between the world of the forensic sciences and the criminal justice system. This book is not intended to be a close study of forensic science, nor was it ever conceived as becoming one. It is devoted to a study of the judicial response to uses of forensic science in the investigation, prosecution, and defense of a crime....

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  • There remains a paucity of text literature regarding forensic implications of the lower extremity. Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot encompasses human identification, biomechanics, trauma analysis, and new areas for potential forensic research with regard to the thigh, knee, leg, ankle, and foot. Initially, the reader may question what makes the lower extremity different enough from other anatomic regions that it merits a separate text.

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  • Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy is an analytical technique used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of the elements present in different samples like food, nanomaterials, biomaterials, forensics, and industrial wastes. The main aim of this book is to cover all major topics which are required to equip scholars with the recent advancement in this field. The book is divided into 12 chapters with an emphasis on specific topics.

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  • Second, information should be thought of as better if it reduces the uncertainty surrounding some future cost or benefit. For instance, future liabilities are inherently uncertain. Information that can narrow the variance on estimates of those uncertain liabilities should be considered better information. Reduced variance is particularly valuable when decision-makers are risk-averse, since a reduction in variance alone can lead to different decisions when there is risk aversion.

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  • Primarily, an investment property is one purchased strictly for the purpose of generating income. It’s neither your current primary residence nor a vacation home used only by your family. An investment property is usually purchased with the intention of either renting it out or renovating it to resell at a profit. There are also some variations on that theme. For instance, when a family relocates or decides to downsize, a primary residence can become an investment property if it doesn’t need to be sold.

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  • The contents of each cell in Table 12 are simply (and only) a reflection of the contents of the equivalent cell in Table 10. Thus, for example, (re)training of former farm workers is a direct response to the reduction in agricultural employment associated with the Agri-centric narrative, and measures to strengthen entrepreneurship and IT aspects of human capital could be a response to the depletion issues caused by the Urban-Rural narrative in PRR regions. Two summary points may be derived from Table 12.

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