Forensic applications

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  • Forensic DNA Typing charts the progress and development of DNA applied to criminal forensics, providing vivid demonstrations of the amazing potential of the method, not only to convict the guilty but also to exonerate the innocent. John Butler has created a text that caters to all audiences, covering the basics of DNA structure and function and describing in detail how the techniques are used. In addition, the extensive use of D.N.A. (Data, Notes, and Application) Boxes in the text enables the reader to dip in and out as he or she pleases....

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  • Today, through television, most Americans have been exposed to the application of forensic science to the justice system. Programs such as Law and Order, CSI, Crossing Jordan, Cold Case Files, Forensic Files, and American Justice feature police activities, forensic laboratory technology, and courtroom procedures. These programs have made the public aware of the important role that forensic science plays in the criminal justice system, and enrollment in criminal justice and forensic science courses in college and high school has increased markedly within the last 10 years....

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  • Most of the literature in forensic mental health assessment is organized around the particular legal issue that is the focus of a given assessment, tool, or research study. This book starts with a different assumption: There are broad principles of forensic assessment that are applicable across different legal issues. If such principles exist, they should be derived from and supported by sources of authority in ethics, law, science, and profes- sional practice.

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  • Over the last 20 years the development and application of genetics has revolutionized forensic science. In 1984, the analysis of polymorphic regions of DNA produced what was termed ‘a DNA fingerprint’ [1]. The following year, at the request of the United Kingdom Home Office, DNA profiling was successfully applied to a real case, when it was used to resolve an immigration dispute [2]. Following on from this, in 1986, DNA evidence was used for the first time in a criminal case and identified Colin Pitchfork as the killer of two school girls in Leicestershire, UK.

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  • In recent years, biometrics has developed rapidly with its worldwide applications for daily life. New trends and novel developments have been proposed to acquire and process many different biometric traits. The ignored challenges in the past and potential problems need to be thought together and deeply integrated. The key objective of the book is to keep up with the new technologies on some recent theoretical development as well as new trends of applications in biometrics.

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  • Forensic veterinary pathology is defi ned as the application of knowledge of veterinary pathology to the elucidation of evidence for the Courts. In other words, the purpose of conducting a forensic examination is: (a) to discover and record any injury, disease or abnormality, and (b) to interpret these fi ndings in a manner that allows a Court of Law to understand the cause(s) and signifi cance of any changes. Forensic pathology is a highly skilled task, and veterinarians undertaking forensic post-mortem examinations must be able to demonstrate that they are competent in this fi eld.

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  • Environmental forensics is the systematic examination of environmental information used in litigation. The purpose of this book is to provide a working reference for the practicing environmental attorney or environmental consultant. As a working reference, the topics and examples selected are common denominator issues encountered in environmental litigation; as such, this book is not intended to be a treatise on a particular subject but rather to present information that you will likely encounter.

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  • For quite a long time, computer security was a rather narrow field of study that was populated mainly by theoretical computer scientists, electrical engineers, and applied mathematicians. With the proliferation of open systems in general, and of the Internet and the World Wide Web (WWW) in particular, this situation has changed fundamentally. Today, computer and network practitioners are equally interested in computer security, since they require technologies and solutions that can be used to secure applications related to electronic commerce.

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  • The term DNA sequencing refers to methods for determining the order of the nucleotides bases adenine,guanine,cytosine and thymine in a molecule of DNA. The first DNA sequence were obtained by academic researchers,using laboratories methods based on 2- dimensional chromatography in the early 1970s. By the development of dye based sequencing method with automated analysis,DNA sequencing has become easier and faster.

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  • 4 Forensic Techniques Used in Environmental Litigation Scientific method vs. junk science 4.1 INTRODUCTION When evaluating the merits of performing non-intrusive forensic analysis (e.g., contaminant transport modeling or aerial photo-interpretation) and/or intrusive sampling and testing, three questions should be considered: 1. Does the analysis or testing advance the understanding of the technical aspects of the case? 2. Can the test results be damaging to your client? 3.

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  • 2 Chemistry and Transport of Petroleum Hydrocarbons 3800 B.C. First documented use of asphalt for caulking reed boats 2.1 INTRODUCTION An understanding of the chemistry and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons provides the foundation for forensically reviewing information dealing with petroleum hydrocarbon contamination. This chapter provides basic terminology and concepts associated with the transport and fate of crude oil and refined products in the subsurface. 2.

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  • Forensic engineering is the application of engineering principles and methodologies to answer questions of fact. These questions of fact are usually associated with accidents, crimes, catastrophic events, degradation of property, and various types of failures.

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  • ...Information Security FUNDAMENTALS Copyright 2005 by CRC Press, LLC. All Rights Reserved. .OTHER INFORMATION SECURITY BOOKS FROM AUERBACH Asset Protection and Security Management Handbook POA Publishing ISBN: 0-8493-1603-0 Building a Global Information Assurance Program Raymond J. Curts and Douglas E. Campbell ISBN: 0-8493-1368-6 Building an Information Security Awareness Program Mark B. Desman ISBN: 0-8493-0116-5 Critical Incident Management Alan B.

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  • If a company’sWeb site is used to collect, compile, or process customer data, that company has an added point of vulnerability. The increased vulnerability in this situation arises from the potential of a hacker breaking into the Web site and stealing data such as names, address, account information, or credit card numbers. In addition, if the Web site is integrated with back-end applications or connected to other systems in the enterprise, there is a greater possibility that hackers and information thieves can access more sensitive information that otherwise may be kept private.

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  • AFIS systems are amazing. With AFIS, people can be fingerprinted and have their criminal history records checked in a matter of minutes; a mug shot and palm print might be included on the rap sheet returned to the inquiring agency. The technology has moved from exclusively forensic or criminal applications into other areas, such as social services benefits and other emerging applications. The greatest use of AFIS technology is for tenprint identifications, in which rolled fingerprint images are compared against enrolled records.

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  • Dung môi clo là một trong các chất gây ô nhiễm thường gặp nhất trong điều tra môi trường (Siegrist, 1993). Trichloroethylene (TCE) và tetrachlorethylene (PCE), ví dụ, đã được phát hiện ở 945 nước ngầm cung cấp uống các hệ thống trong một cuộc điều tra Cơ quan Bảo vệ môi trường của các giếng nước uống trong Hoa Kỳ.

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  • 5 Contaminant Transport Modeling A useful approximation of realty or an intellectual toy? 5.1 INTRODUCTION A contaminant transport model is a work-in-progress hypothesis. Contaminant transport models are useful because they simplify reality for the purpose of predicting outcomes. In environmental litigation, contaminant transport models are used to confirm or challenge the allegation that a contaminant release occurred at a discrete point in time based on the observed presence of a contaminant some distance from the source.

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  • Triển lãm môi trường là rõ ràng, chính xác, và đơn giản là một điều kiện tiên quyết để giải thích các yếu tố kỹ thuật của một trường hợp môi trường. Cuộc triển lãm cũng phải đúng với thực tế và khoa học. Triển lãm lỗi do vô ý để sao chép hoặc chuẩn bị lỗi hay cố ý, như được xác định bởi một mẫu thiên vị (Tufte, 1983, 1990, 1997). Lỗi cố ý bao gồm:

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  • 3 Identification of Biased Environmental Data Coincidence, error, studied ignorance, or junk science? 3.1 INTRODUCTION An expert opinion is worth no more than the factual data upon which it is based. The critical review of environmental data is therefore essential for judging the reliability of the factual information. Environmental data relied upon to form an opinion should be of a sufficient known quality to withstand the scientific and legal challenges relative to the purpose of the data collection.

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  • Cách tiếp cận cơ bản là để xem xét sự khuếch tán của chất lỏng thông qua một phương tiện giới hạn bởi hai tấm song song với máy bay tại z = 0 và x = 1. Sau một thời gian, một trạng thái ổn định đạt được, trong đó tập trung vẫn không đổi ở tất cả các địa điểm ở vỉa hè. Phương trình khuếch tán trong một chiều, do đó, làm giảm (Crank, 1985): d2C/dx2 = 0 (Eq. A.1)

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