This research aims to clarify how market accessibilit y of local people influence s the transformation of production and marketing of agro-forest products, and by extension the income of people in Tat village, moreover, to find out the characteristics of households that lead them to market a greater percentage of their
Research objectives: Can analyze the current situation and characteristics of natural rehabilitation of flora carpet on lands after shifting cultivation as a basis for building the classification of rehabilitation capacity in the study area; can assess the protection capacity of flora carpet on lands after shifting cultivation, can classify rehabilitation potential of forest on lands after shifting cultivation through forest time natural rehabilitation, and propose some silviculture solutions for forest rehabilitation on lands after shifting cultivation in the watershed protection area.
Each section includes chapters with interesting topics.
Authors spread around the world have been resolved so we are delighted that this book represents
research in promising high.
Material properties are described in more creative ways for the standard components
or biological materials and sources of natural materials. Commonly used materials such as glass,
carbon, epoxy resin, concrete, ... described the characteristics improve or
construction work. Waste materials use and recycling is the next step and it is a
important way how to save resources and our environment....
Wildland fires are natural calamities that bring enormous environmental and economic damage worldwide
and some of them cause human death. Achieving effective fire fighting is associated with the possibilities
of predicting the characteristics of fire behaviour. Special attention needs to be drawn to meteorological
conditions and their effect on fire spread in a bed of vegetation. On the other hand, studying the effect of
forest fires on the environment is of equal significance for building the strategy and specific actions to be
undertaken in the fire fighting process.
The predominant and persistent indoor VOCs included aldehydes (e.g., formaldehyde,
acetaldehyde, pentanal, hexanal and nonanal) and terpene hydrocarbons (e.g., a-pinene, 3-carene
and d-limonene), which are characteristic of wood product emissions. Other compounds of
interest included phenol, naphthalene, and other aromatic hydrocarbons. VOC concentrations
were generally typical of results reported for other new houses. Measurements of total VOCs
were used to evaluate short-term changes in indoor VOC concentrations. ...
The expert interviews served as a complement to the information from the literature review and the
questionnaire, about the overview and application of financing mechanisms. In general, the
interviews focused on identifying types and examples of innovative financing mechanisms.
Chapter 4 vEcophysiological Characteristics of Mature Trees and Stands – Consequences for Old-Growth Forest Productivity
Trees increase their relative ﬁtness to competing trees or to other life forms both directly and indirectly, by growing tall, as increased light interception increases photosynthesis (direct) and simultaneously making this resource unavailable to competitors (indirect).
Chapter 17Tropical Rain Forests as Old-Growth Forests
In the context of this book, we may begin by making the general observation that many rain forests are par excellence old growth forests. They have the diagnostic characteristics mentioned in the companion chapter
To better understand the international perspective of
public policies for the elderly, in line with the parameters
that serve as tendencies for national policies, one must
contextualize international health conferences that had
health promotion as their central topic. Since the
Declaration of Alma-Ata, in 1978(5), it has been noted
that measures and characteristics of health promotion
imply a search for healthier life styles and active aging.
Health promotion is seen as a process of community
qualification, aiming to improve life and health conditions.
Pollution control policy is fundamental for our analysis. In 1982 the central
government imposed a system of levies on air pollutants, on total wastewater, and on the
concentrations of three pollutants contained in wastewater: total suspended solids,
chemical oxygen demand, and other solids. The first two are characteristic of the paper
industry. The levy rates were reassessed in 1989 and increased in 1992. Wang et al.
(1996) examined the effect of these charges on the effluents on the general
manufacturing sector. They found the expected emission-reducing effect.
Many policy makers and researchers believe that voluntary cost pooling of employees across small
ﬁrms will make insurance affordable to these ﬁrms. This is possible because, on average, expected costs
of employees at small ﬁrms are only slightly higher than large ﬁrms. We show that risk pooling across
ﬁrms may not work as well as this conventional wisdom would suggest, because of large between-ﬁrm
heterogeneity in employee characteristics at small ﬁrms.
Malaria risk exists in Myanmar throughout the year: 29% of the population live in high risk areas, 24% in
moderate risk areas and 18% in low risk areas. Apart from those living in endemic areas, a major risk
group are non-immune adult migrants in forest areas who work in gem mining, logging, agriculture,
plantations and construction.
The full extent of the burden of malarial disease is likely to be higher than records indicate due to a poor
reporting system. The disease is endemic in 284 townships out of 324. One hundred of these townships
account for 53% of the...
Today, the budget structures of the two countries show many formal similarities,
but the de facto operations of central and sub-national bureaucracies diverge. Most
Western discussions of fiscal efficiency start from the assumption that there is a separate,
tax-based fiscal system in place. However, neither Russia nor China has succeeded fully
in establishing an effective, tax-based system for provision of local infrastructure,
pensions, and a social safety net. The reform of the governmental fiscal system in each
country is incomplete.
Tuyển tập những bài báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học hay nhất được đăng trên tạp chí JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE đề tài: Humus conditions and stand characteristics of artificially established young stands in the process of the transformation of spruce monocultures...
Tuyển tập những bài báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học hay nhất được đăng trên tạp chí JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE đề tài: Comparison of general tree characteristics of less known oak species Quercus dalechampii Ten. and Quercus polycarpa Schur...
Tuyển tập những bài báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học hay nhất được đăng trên tạp chí JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE đề tài: A study on the variation of morphological characteristics of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) seeds and their internal structure determined by X-ray radiography in the Beskid Sądecki and Beskid Niski mountain ranges of the Carpathians (southern Poland)...
Tuyển tập những bài báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học hay nhất được đăng trên tạp chí JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE đề tài: Characteristics of 3rd (Querci-fageta s. lat.) and 4th (Fageta (abietis) s. lat.) vegetation tiers of north-eastern Moravia and Silesia (Czech Republic)...
Tham khảo luận văn - đề án 'báo cáo lâm nghiệp: " dynamics of tree species composition and characteristics of available space utilization in the natural forest of the national nature reserve hrončokovský grúň"', luận văn - báo cáo phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả