Forested landscape

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  • In 1950, the United States Department of Energy (then the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission) began purchasing the land that became the present Savannah River Site (SRS). All residents were removed (figure A), and in 1951 the government closed the site to the public to begin work on production of nuclear weapons materials. At the time, abandoned agricultural fields dominated upland areas, and the SRS and the USDA Forest Service initiated an aggressive reforestation program.

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  • Remote sensing has been defined as the detection, recognition, or evaluation of objects by means of distant sensing or recording devices. In recent decades, remote sensing technology has emerged to support data collection and analysis methods of potential interest and importance in forest management. Historically, digital remote sensing developed quickly from the technology of aerial photography and photointerpretation science. In forestry, information extracted visually from aerial photographs is well-understood, well-used, and integrated with field surveys.

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  • Land management is presently undergoing enormous change: away from managing single resources to managing ecosystems. From forest to tundra, to desert, to steppe, the world’s ecosystems vary vastly. To manage them effectively we need to understand their geographic distribution better. We need to do this at various levels of detail because ecosystems exist at multiple scales in a hierarchy, from regional to local. Maps are needed to display ecosystem distribution and hierarchy. Until now, information on defining ecosystem boundaries has been scarce.

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  • Multidisciplinary landscape assessment, or MLA, is a set of methods developed by CIFOR scientists to determine ‘what is important to local communities, in terms of landscape, environmental services, and resources’. The approach is rooted in social (anthropology, ethnobotany and socio-economics) as well as natural sciences (botany, ecology, geography and pedology); was tested and used in different countries (Bolivia, Cameroon, Gabon, Indonesia, Mozambique and Philippines). The methods are fully detailed in four languages: English, French, Indonesia and Spanish (Sheil et al.

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  • India offers a dynamic retail landscape, which is very attractive to the retail companies. It has the potential to become a strategic retail hub. Given the huge population of India, a burgeoning middle class, which is getting more and more affluent, and a changing lifestyle, it is a literal haven for retail companies. Retail spending in India has been growing at a double digit figure. It is estimated1 that Private Final Consumption Expenditure (PFCE) stands at Rs. 26,07,584 crores in 2007–2008 as compared to the previous year when it was Rs. 23,12,105 crores.

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  • Replacing agricultural land for energy crop plantations, as the former lack proper structure (becauseoffollowingmonoagriculturalpattern)cannotbejustifiedbyanypossibleterms.The biodiversitythatenergycropssupportcanhaveapositiveimpactononetypeofspecieswhere acompletelyharmfulimpactonanother. Plantingnonindigenouscrops for thesake for increasingproductionandprofitmayharm the localbiodiversityevenfurther.Oftennonindigenouscropsdestroythenatural landscapeand may lead to fragmentationof theecologicaldiversity.

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  • Vietnam has been reforming its forest management in favour of household and local organization (Barney 2005). The government increasingly gives local people the right to manage the forests. Unfortunately, in this changing environment, recognition of local people’s rights is still limited and local knowledge and perspectives are rarely taken into account by the state institutions implementing land titling and decentralization. The challenge is to better inform each stakeholder on the perspectives of people living in and near the forest on the natural resources and landscapes.

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  • Tuyển tập những bài báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học hay nhất được đăng trên tạp chí JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE đề tài: Development of tertiary roads in the Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape"...

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  • Stakeholder and biodiversity at the local level is a three-year collaboration between the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC). Tropenbos International-Vietnam (TBI-V) has been a very helpful collaborator for coordinating the project activities. The project goal is to contribute to the enhancement of the livelihoods of local forest dependent communities and sustainable forest management.

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  • Tuyển tập những bài báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học hay nhất được đăng trên tạp chí JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE đề tài: Contribution to the knowledge of Clethrionomys glareolus populations in forests of managed landscape in Southern Moravia (Czech Republic)...

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  • Tuyển tập những bài báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học hay nhất được đăng trên tạp chí JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE đề tài: Contribution to the knowledge of Apodemus sylvaticus populations in forests of the managed landscape of southern Moravia (Czech Republic)...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp quốc tế đề tài: "Variation in forest gas exchange at to continental scales landscape...

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  • The scientific literature suggests that the best unit to assess ecosystems is the 'socio-ecological system (SES)' (Gallopin, 1991, Glaser, 2008). SES integrates ecosystem functions and dynamics as well as human activities and the interactions of all these. The SES is equivalent to the SNA's institutional unit. Considering the production of ecosystem services, and in particular provisioning services, SESs are more or less homogenous.

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  • UNIT 2 : BIOMES AND ECOSYSTEMS Influenced by latitude, elevation, and associated moisture and temperature regimes, terrestrial biomes vary geographically from the tropics through the arctic and include various types of forest, grassland, shrub land, and desert. These biomes also include their associated freshwater communities: streams, lakes, ponds, and wetlands. Marine environments, also considered biomes by some ecologists, comprise the open ocean, littoral (shallow water) regions, benthic (bottom) regions, rocky shores, sandy shores, estuaries, and associated tidal marshes.

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  • T he Earth has been blessed with an abundant supply of natural resources. Natural resources are those elements that exist on the planet for the use and benefit of all living things. Scientists commonly divide them down into distinct groups for the purposes of studying them. These groups include agricultural resources, plants, animals, energy sources, landscapes, forests, minerals, and water and atmospheric resources.

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  • Africa is the second largest continent in the world. The world’s biggest desert, the Sahara, dominates the landscape of the north, while in the south forests and vast grasslands are home to wild animals, such as leopards, lions, and elephants. The Great Rift Valley, one of the Earth’s major geological features, runs from the Red Sea down to Mozambique. This huge crack in the Earth’s surface, caused by a series of faults, is made up of mountains, volcanoes, deep valleys, and lakes.

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  • When you are deep in the woods, fighting bush fires, it is not surprising that you are unable to see the shape of the forest and how it relates to the topography of the surrounding landscape. Bedlam were in this position, especially in their relationship with NOVA Cosmetics, Fire-fighting was their way of life. Whenever fires are roaring fireman are highly regarded, and even though the flames go higher the fireman are applauded. Dashing about with a sweat-streaked face amid smoke and sparks is an eminently visible activity, and activity generally finds its reward.

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  • Centre for Applied Research in Remote Sensing and GIS, College of Science, VNU 2 Norwegian Mapping Authority, Norway. 3 University of Social and Human Sciences of Ho Chi Minh City 4 Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Centre, Tokyo, Japan. 5 VTGEO, Institute of Geology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology ABSTRACT. The Mekong Delta in the south of Vietnam is a highly dynamic landscape with rapid changes in land use. Costal forests of mangrove (Rhizophoraceae, Sonneratiaceae and Avicenniaceae) and the more inland Melaleuca forests are changed into shrimp ponds and rice fields.

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  • On September 1st , Switzerland announced it was extending a deadline for meeting its targets for reducing noise from road traffic. A new amendment to a federal ordinance on noise pollution will give national and local authorities until 2015 to install noise-reduction barriers along highways and until 2018 to install similar barriers along other major roads. The barriers were originally due to be in place by March 2002, under the 1986 federal ordinance. However, only around 30 percent of the roads targeted for remedial measures had barriers installed by that date.

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  • Socio-Ecological Landscape Units (SELU) are produced in turn from LCFU and other geographical dimensions such as relief, belonging to a river basin, or proximity to the sea. LCFU are agglomerated with a methodology which maps dominant land‑cover types. Large forests or agricultural areas will constitute a SELU in their own right while smaller units will be part of a larger zone characterised by its dominant land cover. The Dominant Land Cover Types are then classified according to river basins and relief classes (e.g. coastal, lowland, highland, mountain).

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