Format models

Xem 1-20 trên 137 kết quả Format models
  • Communication Architecture Strategy for connecting host computers and other communicating equipment. Defines necessary elements for data communication between devices. A communication architecture, therefore, defines a standard for the communicating hosts. A programmer formats data in a manner defined by the communication architecture and passes it on to the communication software. Separating communication functions adds flexibility, for example, we do not need to modify the entire host software to include more communication devices....

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  • After this lecture you should be able to: Describe the primary Vector data models used in GIS and give examples, describe raster data models and give examples, describe TIN data models, explain “topology”, describe the main file formats used in GIS.

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  • We have attempted to explain the concepts which have been used and developed to model the stochastic dynamics of natural and biological systems. While the theory of stochastic differential equations and stochastic processes provide an attractive framework with an intuitive appeal to many problems with naturally induced variations, the solutions to such models are an active area of research, which is in its infancy. Therefore, this book should provide a large number of areas to research further.

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  • An automatic essay paraphrasing system, written in JOVIAL, produces essay-like paraphrases of input texts written in a subset of English. The format and content of the essay paraphrase are controlled by an outline that is part of the input text. An individual sentence in the paraphrase may often reflect the content of several sentences in the input text. The system uses dependency rather than transformational criteria, and future versions of the system may come to resemble a dynamic implementation of a stratificational model of grammar....

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  • This paper describes Subcat-LMF, an ISOLMF compliant lexicon representation format featuring a uniform representation of subcategorization frames (SCFs) for the two languages English and German. Subcat-LMF is able to represent SCFs at a very fine-grained level. We utilized SubcatLMF to standardize lexicons with largescale SCF information: the English VerbNet and two German lexicons, i.e., a subset of IMSlex and GermaNet verbs. To evaluate our LMF-model, we performed a crosslingual comparison of SCF coverage and overlap for the standardized versions of the English and German lexicons.

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  • The current state-of-the-art in statistical machine translation (SMT) suffers from issues of sparsity and inadequate modeling power when translating into morphologically rich languages. We model both inflection and word-formation for the task of translating into German. We translate from English words to an underspecified German representation and then use linearchain CRFs to predict the fully specified German representation. We show that improved modeling of inflection and wordformation leads to improved SMT. ...

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  • In this project, traffic simulation according to the cellular automaton of the Nagel-Schreckenberg model (1992) with different boundary conditions. The sudden occurrence of traffic jams is successfully realised as well as boundary induced phases and phase transitions are observed in the Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process. The extension to the Velocity Dependent Randomization model leads to metastabile high flow states and hysteresis of the flow. The impact of speed limits on the probability of the formation of traffic jams is investigated.

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  • Our w o r k on the p r o c e s s i n ~ of a special kind of linguistic information, namely temporal information ,has led us to advocate the use of can lead to some pointless discussions between different approaches which, at an abstract level, can be s h o w n to be equivalent; secondly, any e x t e n s i o n or modification of the implemented model requires a different program instead of a m e r e a d j u s t m e n t at...

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  • Mô hình dữ liệu mạng ( network model ) là mô hình quan hệ thực thể. Trong đó chỉ có các mối quan hệ hai ngôi nhiều_một. Trong mô hình dữ liệu mạng người ta thường dùng các đối tượng sau: Kiểu mảng ghi thay cho tập thực thể, Format bản ghi thay cho tập các thuộc tính, Mỗi bản ghi thay cho một giá trị của các thuộc tính.

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  • The documentation is designed to provide support for the complete spectrum of participants. The print and online versions are organized to allow you to quickly locate the information that you need. The online documentation is provided in HTML and Adobe Acrobat formats. You can also access release notes, product support information, and several developer resources from the Help menu. The rest of this section describes the conventions used in the documentation and the contents of the HomeSite documentation set....

    pdf494p doxuan 07-08-2009 170 40   Download

  • This quick reference contains a high-level description of the Structured Query Language (SQL) used to manage information in an Oracle database. Oracle SQL is a superset of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the International Standards Organization (ISO) SQL:2003 standard.

    pdf170p daokim 03-08-2009 106 32   Download

  • This book shows how to build complete 2D and 3D games with all essential components from scratch; shapes, image effects, animation, 3D model creation and use, graphics math, collision detection, 3D audio, split-screen, and networked games. All code examples are presented in an easy-to-follow, step-by-step format. This book targets development for the PC and Xbox 360 and introduces development for the Zune.

    pdf561p ptng13 05-06-2012 73 30   Download

  • ICC White Papers are one of the formal deliverables of the International Color Consortium, the other being the ICC specification itself – ISO 15076: Image technology color management – Architecture, profile format, and data structure. The White Papers undergo an exhaustive internal development process, followed by a formal technical review by the membership and a ballot for approval by the ICC Steering Committee.

    pdf317p ptng13 25-06-2012 67 20   Download

  • TCP/IP model development: The late-60s The Defense Advance Research Projects Agency (DARPA) originally developed Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) to interconnect various defense department computer networks. The Internet, an International Wide Area Network, uses TCP/IP to connect networks across the world.

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  • Analysis and abatement of air pollution involve a variety of technical disciplines. Formation of the most prevalent pollutants occurs during the combustion process, a tightly coupled system involving fluid flow, mass and energy transport, and chemical kinetics. Its complexity is exemplified by the fact that, in many respects, the simplest hydrocarbon combustion, the methane-oxygen flame, has been quantitatively modeled only within the last several years.

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  • Soil erosion affects a large part of the Earth surface, and it represents one of the most relevant environmental problems worldwide. Intense land degradation processes that destroyed civilizations in the past are still going on at present. Accelerated soil erosion is one of the main soil threats, as the natural balance between soil formation and loss may be seriously compromised, leading to desertification and permanent loss of fertility and protective function. Soil erosion is not only related to agricultural activities and farming practices, but also to land management in general....

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  • The first section of the book includes the following topics: fusion-based additive manufacturing (AM) processes of titanium alloys and their numerical modelling, mechanism of ?-case formation mechanism during investment casting of titanium, genesis of gas-containing defects in cast titanium products. Second section includes topics on behavior of the (? + ?) titanium alloys under extreme pressure and temperature conditions, hot and super plasticity of titanium (? + ?) alloys and some machinability aspects of titanium alloys in drilling. ...

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  • During development, cells and tissues undergo dynamic changes in pattern and form that employ a wider range of physical mechanisms than at any other time during an organism’s life. Biological Physics of the Developing Embryo presents a framework within which physics can be used to analyze these biological phenomena. Written to be accessible to both biologists and physicists, major stages and components of biological development are introduced and then analyzed from the viewpoint of physics. The presentation of physical models requires no mathematics beyond basic calculus.

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  • Developing a smart grid has become an urgent global priority as its economic, environmental, and societal benefit willbe enjoyed by generations to come. In- formation and communications technologies are at the core of the smart grid vision as they will empower today’s power grid with the capability of supporting two-way energy and information flow, isolating and restoring power outages more quickly, facilitating the integration of renewable energy sources into the grid and empowering the consumer with tools for optimizing their energy consumption....

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  • Since the early 1970s, a quiet revolution – microfinance – has been sweeping the globe. Poverty can now, in part, be redefined as a lack of access to reliable, affordable financial services that enables people to build economic security and improve their lives. Microfinance, which has evolved in an array of formats, from regulated banks to Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSlAs), has made life better for millions, first through access to credit, but increasingly through savings, insurance and pension schemes as well.

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