THE EAST ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS: A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF FOUR ALTERNATIVE MODELS David Card and Alan
Krueger provided the SAT data used throughout. Cecilia Rouse provided the hard-to-obtain
School District Data Book used in Chapters 1 and 2. Saul Geiser and Roger Studley of the
University of California Office of the President provided the student records that permitted
the research in Chapter 3.
Medical imaging has been transformed over the past 30 years by the advent
of computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and
various advances in x-ray and ultrasonic techniques. An enabling force behind
this progress has been the (so far) exponentially increasing power of
computers, which has made it practical to explore fundamentally new approaches.
Even if socially responsible investment does not impose a cost on SRI fund investors in terms of
reduced before-fee financial performance, these investors could still pay an explicit price for
their funds' social responsibility in the form of higher fees. Indeed, there are reasons to expect
fees charged by SRI funds to be higher. First, some SRI funds actively engage with the firms in
which they invest to encourage them to pursue socially responsible policies. The costs of such
active monitoring may be partly passed on to investors in the form of higher expenses.
These four purposes provide a framework for describing the oral com-
munication needs of adult ESOL learners. First, adult ESOL learners need
access to information and resources. For example, the needs of newly
arrived immigrants and refugees include obtaining housing, medical care,
and sustenance. They must also develop the speaking skills to ﬁ nd work
and subsequently to carry out the responsibilities of their employment. All
of these access-oriented needs require spoken English.
Numerous social needs for spoken English are related to the EFF cat-
egories of voice and action.
For the investor types believing that active managers can generate alphas, we nd that the
ability to identify superior performing funds is further improved, albeit slightly, by augmenting the
four-factor model with country indices, even if these indices represent non-priced factors, consis-
tent with Pastor and Stambaugh (2002a). To illustrate, our baseline analysis nds CAPM alpha
enhancements of up to 5% per year from using macroeconomic state variables to choose funds,
relative to active manager choice using an unconditional CAPM model.
Therefore, we match SRI funds with conventional funds that are initially
similar and estimate the differences over time in performance and fees between the initially
similar funds. We report results for simple and biased-adjusted estimators obtained using one
and four matches per SRI fund. The one-match procedure is the one that most closely
approximates the matched-pair methodology used in previous studies and it maximizes the
quality of the matches, although at the cost of a small sample size.
We ¯nd that when the hypothetical benchmarks are recognized as being unavailable
for investment, there need not exist close substitutes for them in the universe of mutual
funds. For an investor who believes completely in the accuracy of the Fama-French model
and precludes managerial skill, the perceived maximum Sharpe ratio is only 66 percent of
what could be achieved by direct investment in that model's benchmarks. For a believer
in the Carhart four-factor model, the corresponding value is 54 percent.
The United States has been in the process of destroying
its chemical munitions for well over a decade. Initially, the
U.S. Army, guided by recommendations from the National
Research Council (NRC), decided to use incineration as its
destruction method at all sites. However, citizens in some
states with stockpile storage sites oppose incineration on the
grounds that the exact nature of the effluents escaping from
the stacks cannot be determined.
Pro-Tk-SP fromThermococcus kodakaraensisconsists of the four domains:
N-propeptide, subtilisin (EC 126.96.36.199) domain,b-jelly roll domain and
C-propeptide. To analyze the maturation process of this protein, the Pro-Tk-SP derivative with the mutation of the active-site serine residue to Cys
(Pro-Tk-S359C), Pro-Tk-S359C derivatives lacking the N-propeptide
(ProC-Tk-S359C) and both propeptides (Tk-S359C), and a His-tagged
form of the isolated C-propeptide (ProC*) were constructed.
This book presents a comprehensive view of veterinary vaccines and
diagnostics~past, present, and future. The authors were all participants
in the First International Veterinary Vaccines and Diagnostics
Conference (IVVDC) held during the summer of 1997 at the Monona
Terrace Convention Center, Madison, Wisconsin, USA,
Each session had co-chairs who selected four to six speakers. The
book follows the general organization of the conference.
Eysenck’s thesis is still a subject of debate. In [MCCM 03], 100 subjects were asked to
rate 96 reproductions of art on four qualities: beautiful, pleasant, interesting, and original. Half
of the reproductions were “High Art” (master artwork with the signature removed) and half
were “Popular Art” (icons and illustrations used for industrial design). Half of each type were
representational and half abstract. Results supported Eysenck’s theory of a general underlying
The purpose of this paper is to add definitions of HGFs in terms of value added and
productivity, and analyze how much the different types of HGFs contribute to employment
growth, economic growth, productivity growth and sales growth, if the same firms are included
among HGFs irrespective of definition, and whether firm age and size influence the likelihood
of a firm being a HGF when different definitions are applied.
We thus apply four different growth indicators: growth in employment, sales, value added
Several bacteria, including Azotobacter vinelandii, possess an alternative
pathway ofl-rhamnose metabolism, which is different from the known
bacterial pathway. In a previous article, a gene cluster related to this path-way was identified, consisting of the genes encoding the four metabolic
enzymes l-rhamnose-1-dehydrogenase (LRA1), l-rhamnono-c-lactonase
Antibodies are the paradigm for binding proteins, with their hypervariable
loop region supported by a structurally rigid framework, thus providing
the vast repertoire of antigen-binding sites in the immune system. Lipoca-lins are another family of proteins that exhibit a binding site with high
structural plasticity, which is composed of four peptide loops mounted on
a stable b-barrel scaffold.
In this chapter, i articulate some of the underlying motivations and actions that occur
as people interact, focusing on face-to-face communication. In particular, i emphasize a
multi -faceted approach to identity, Goffman’s notions of performance/perception, and the
importance of and mechanisms for context awareness and regulation. I have chosen to
explicitly consider these four aspects of social interaction for their relevance to the design
of digital spaces.
In June 1990, footballers representing the twenty-four nations whose
teams have won through the preliminary rounds will meet in Italy to
contest the fourteenth World Cup Finals. Not for the first time in the
history of the world’s most popular sport, they will be competing in
an atmosphere which can be realistically described as embattled and
beleaguered. ‘There is tension in our national game as there has never
been before—on the pitch, off the pitch, in the boardrooms and in the
corridors of power....
We find that the process measures of the quality of the prenatal and child care processes
are positively and significantly associated with child growth. Structural quality and access
variables, however, are not associated with child growth. These findings suggest that
investments in improving prenatal and child care process quality in existing facilities in
Indonesia may be an effective way to address conditions that result in a child’s inability to reach
full physical potential.
This paper is organized in four sections.
This ebook is the third part of a series of four ebooks. The first part consists of an introduction to Access 2010. In the second part you have learned how to create tables and queries in Access 2010. In this part you will learn how to create forms and reports.
MRI and its derivatives have demonstrated important
findings in ASD as has been reviewed extensively
[13-16]. The earliest anatomical studies involved recog-
nition that young children with ASD have abnormally
increased total brain volumes that appear related to
both increased grey and white matter volumes, with a
differentially higher white matter contribution. Brain
size in ASD appears to reach a 10% increase beyond
control values by two to four years of age, possibly fol-
lowed by a plateau.
The Wind in the Willows is a classic of children's literature by Kenneth Grahame, first published in 1908. Alternately slow moving and fast paced, it focuses on four anthropomorphised animal characters in a pastoral version of England. The novel is notable for its mixture of mysticism, adventure, morality, and camaraderie.