Four alternative

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  • THE EAST ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS: A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF FOUR ALTERNATIVE MODELS David Card and Alan Krueger provided the SAT data used throughout. Cecilia Rouse provided the hard-to-obtain School District Data Book used in Chapters 1 and 2. Saul Geiser and Roger Studley of the University of California Office of the President provided the student records that permitted the research in Chapter 3.

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  • Medical imaging has been transformed over the past 30 years by the advent of computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and various advances in x-ray and ultrasonic techniques. An enabling force behind this progress has been the (so far) exponentially increasing power of computers, which has made it practical to explore fundamentally new approaches.

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  • For the investor types believing that active managers can generate alphas, we nd that the ability to identify superior performing funds is further improved, albeit slightly, by augmenting the four-factor model with country indices, even if these indices represent non-priced factors, consis- tent with Pastor and Stambaugh (2002a). To illustrate, our baseline analysis nds CAPM alpha enhancements of up to 5% per year from using macroeconomic state variables to choose funds, relative to active manager choice using an unconditional CAPM model.

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  • Even if socially responsible investment does not impose a cost on SRI fund investors in terms of reduced before-fee financial performance, these investors could still pay an explicit price for their funds' social responsibility in the form of higher fees. Indeed, there are reasons to expect fees charged by SRI funds to be higher. First, some SRI funds actively engage with the firms in which they invest to encourage them to pursue socially responsible policies. The costs of such active monitoring may be partly passed on to investors in the form of higher expenses.

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  • These four purposes provide a framework for describing the oral com- munication needs of adult ESOL learners. First, adult ESOL learners need access to information and resources. For example, the needs of newly arrived immigrants and refugees include obtaining housing, medical care, and sustenance. They must also develop the speaking skills to fi nd work and subsequently to carry out the responsibilities of their employment. All of these access-oriented needs require spoken English. Numerous social needs for spoken English are related to the EFF cat- egories of voice and action.

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  • Therefore, we match SRI funds with conventional funds that are initially similar and estimate the differences over time in performance and fees between the initially similar funds. We report results for simple and biased-adjusted estimators obtained using one and four matches per SRI fund. The one-match procedure is the one that most closely approximates the matched-pair methodology used in previous studies and it maximizes the quality of the matches, although at the cost of a small sample size.

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  • We ¯nd that when the hypothetical benchmarks are recognized as being unavailable for investment, there need not exist close substitutes for them in the universe of mutual funds. For an investor who believes completely in the accuracy of the Fama-French model and precludes managerial skill, the perceived maximum Sharpe ratio is only 66 percent of what could be achieved by direct investment in that model's benchmarks. For a believer in the Carhart four-factor model, the corresponding value is 54 percent.

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  • This book presents a comprehensive view of veterinary vaccines and diagnostics~past, present, and future. The authors were all participants in the First International Veterinary Vaccines and Diagnostics Conference (IVVDC) held during the summer of 1997 at the Monona Terrace Convention Center, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, Each session had co-chairs who selected four to six speakers. The book follows the general organization of the conference.

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  • The United States has been in the process of destroying its chemical munitions for well over a decade. Initially, the U.S. Army, guided by recommendations from the National Research Council (NRC), decided to use incineration as its destruction method at all sites. However, citizens in some states with stockpile storage sites oppose incineration on the grounds that the exact nature of the effluents escaping from the stacks cannot be determined.

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  • Pro-Tk-SP fromThermococcus kodakaraensisconsists of the four domains: N-propeptide, subtilisin (EC 3.4.21.62) domain,b-jelly roll domain and C-propeptide. To analyze the maturation process of this protein, the Pro-Tk-SP derivative with the mutation of the active-site serine residue to Cys (Pro-Tk-S359C), Pro-Tk-S359C derivatives lacking the N-propeptide (ProC-Tk-S359C) and both propeptides (Tk-S359C), and a His-tagged form of the isolated C-propeptide (ProC*) were constructed.

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  • Eysenck’s thesis is still a subject of debate. In [MCCM 03], 100 subjects were asked to rate 96 reproductions of art on four qualities: beautiful, pleasant, interesting, and original. Half of the reproductions were “High Art” (master artwork with the signature removed) and half were “Popular Art” (icons and illustrations used for industrial design). Half of each type were representational and half abstract. Results supported Eysenck’s theory of a general underlying factor.

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  • The purpose of this paper is to add definitions of HGFs in terms of value added and productivity, and analyze how much the different types of HGFs contribute to employment growth, economic growth, productivity growth and sales growth, if the same firms are included among HGFs irrespective of definition, and whether firm age and size influence the likelihood of a firm being a HGF when different definitions are applied. We thus apply four different growth indicators: growth in employment, sales, value added and productivity.

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  • Several bacteria, including Azotobacter vinelandii, possess an alternative pathway ofl-rhamnose metabolism, which is different from the known bacterial pathway. In a previous article, a gene cluster related to this path-way was identified, consisting of the genes encoding the four metabolic enzymes l-rhamnose-1-dehydrogenase (LRA1), l-rhamnono-c-lactonase (LRA2),

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  • Antibodies are the paradigm for binding proteins, with their hypervariable loop region supported by a structurally rigid framework, thus providing the vast repertoire of antigen-binding sites in the immune system. Lipoca-lins are another family of proteins that exhibit a binding site with high structural plasticity, which is composed of four peptide loops mounted on a stable b-barrel scaffold.

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  • In this chapter, i articulate some of the underlying motivations and actions that occur as people interact, focusing on face-to-face communication. In particular, i emphasize a multi -faceted approach to identity, Goffman’s notions of performance/perception, and the importance of and mechanisms for context awareness and regulation. I have chosen to explicitly consider these four aspects of social interaction for their relevance to the design of digital spaces.

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  • In June 1990, footballers representing the twenty-four nations whose teams have won through the preliminary rounds will meet in Italy to contest the fourteenth World Cup Finals. Not for the first time in the history of the world’s most popular sport, they will be competing in an atmosphere which can be realistically described as embattled and beleaguered. ‘There is tension in our national game as there has never been before—on the pitch, off the pitch, in the boardrooms and in the corridors of power....

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  • We find that the process measures of the quality of the prenatal and child care processes are positively and significantly associated with child growth. Structural quality and access variables, however, are not associated with child growth. These findings suggest that investments in improving prenatal and child care process quality in existing facilities in Indonesia may be an effective way to address conditions that result in a child’s inability to reach full physical potential. This paper is organized in four sections.

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  • This ebook is the third part of a series of four ebooks. The first part consists of an introduction to Access 2010. In the second part you have learned how to create tables and queries in Access 2010. In this part you will learn how to create forms and reports.

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  • MRI and its derivatives have demonstrated important findings in ASD as has been reviewed extensively [13-16]. The earliest anatomical studies involved recog- nition that young children with ASD have abnormally increased total brain volumes that appear related to both increased grey and white matter volumes, with a differentially higher white matter contribution. Brain size in ASD appears to reach a 10% increase beyond control values by two to four years of age, possibly fol- lowed by a plateau.

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  • The Wind in the Willows is a classic of children's literature by Kenneth Grahame, first published in 1908. Alternately slow moving and fast paced, it focuses on four anthropomorphised animal characters in a pastoral version of England. The novel is notable for its mixture of mysticism, adventure, morality, and camaraderie.

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