An Introduction to the Study of Mineralogy is a collection of papers that can be easily understood by a wide variety of readers, whether they wish to use it in their work, or simply to extend their knowledge. It is unique in that it presents a broad view of the mineralogy field. The book is intended for chemists, physicists, engineers, and the students of geology, geophysics, and soil science, but it will also be invaluable to the more advanced students of mineralogy who are looking for a concise revision guide....
Clay and clay minerals represent the youngest minerals in the Earth’s crust. Clays are
irregularly distributed in lithosphere, as their concentration increases due to the
weathering, hydrothermal changes, including anthropogenic influences. Clay minerals
occur in all types of sediments and sedimentary rocks and are common in
hydrothermal deposits. The interdisciplinary character of clay science follows from the
information obtained from the methodology and theory of other natural and technical
An effective separation method of very pure binder fraction to assess radiocarbon dating is
proposed in the present contribution. The elimination of contaminant error sources and the
suitable selection of mortar samples enable the reliable dating. Petrographic analysis under
polarizing light microscopy is used to identify different mineralogical phases of mortar
samples, aggregate nature, and the limestone fragment remains.