Xem 1-20 trên 40 kết quả Fresh water
  • This paper identifies five water environmental problems in the Delta that are the principal limiting factors of agricultural production and human health, i.e. (i) the salinity intrusion in the coastal areas, (ii) the effect of acid sulfate soils, (iii) the polluted water from human activities, (iv) the fresh water shortage in the dry season and (v) the flood in the rainy season. The discussion and conclusion present the people’s adaption strategies and water gorvernance issues in pursing sustainable management in the region.......

    pdf0p haivan 16-03-2009 160 34   Download

  • Environmental problems usually develop from the interactions of people, consumption, and resources. Increasing population, increasing consumption and limited resources exacerbate these problems. One concern that heads the list of critical problems is the availability of clean, fresh, surface water. It is the basis of the existence of human societies and economies. Fresh water is essential for many forms of life, is required by humans for drinking, agriculture, and most industrial processes, and plays a prominent role in our recreational activities....

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  • Economic development, population growth, and environmental pollution evolving in many parts of the world are placing great demands on existing resources of fresh water and reflecting a "water crisis". Resource management, efficient utilization of the water resources, and above all water purification are all alternatives to resolve the water crisis. Purification approaches include traditional approaches that have lasted for several centuries without major modifications as well as new innovative approaches....

    pdf392p phoebe75 19-02-2013 25 15   Download

  • Water is finite on earth. There is a fixed amount of water which neither decreases or increases. Fresh water is a renewable resource because of the water cycle. From a human perspective the source of freshwater is rainfall. Most of this rainfall is used directly for vegetative growth, such as natural vegetation, pasture, rain-fed maize etc. This process, known as transpiration, is highly productive and produces in Southern Africa the bulk of food crops.

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  • It is widely accepted that irrigation allows for the increase and stability in agrarian yields, being a necessary tool to support food supplies and necessities for certain raw materials in the world. However, irrigated agriculture is also considered the most significant fresh water consumer and one of the main causes of pollution, degradation and depletion of natural resources. These impacts are primarily related to changes in the water cycle, salinization of agricultural soils, and salinization and pollution of water resources due to the use of agrochemicals....

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  • In order to maintain economic development and minimize future regional and international conflicts, the United States will need sustainable supplies of high-quality fresh water. Solutions to local water scarcity issues will likely require a combination of approaches, including demand management, improved water storage capacity, water quality protection, and advancements in supply-enhancing water treatment technologies. Desalination technologies can create new sources of freshwater from otherwise impaired waters such as seawater or brackish water.

    pdf85p camnhung_1 14-12-2012 21 4   Download

  • Water conservation encompasses the policies, strategies and activities to manage fresh water as a sustainable resource to protect the water environment and to meet current and future human demand. Population, household size and growth and affluence all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change will increase pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation.

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  • Water is a nutrient vital to human life, just as it is a fundamental element in the economic vitality of any country. In arid regions across the globe, people have long depended upon desalination to supplement limited fresh water resources despite its...historically high costs.

    pdf32p lequanghoang15 31-08-2010 65 29   Download

  • The Project to build Factory for producing fresh water bottle of Five Star GROUP in Ho Chi Minh City –the total investment of the factory is USD 60,000 (for infrastructure & feasible studies). The factory will be built & put into operation in November 2010. The approved budget (excluding salary of Project Team Members & sharing cost with other cost centers) is USD 60,000

    pdf31p talentlink1 09-12-2010 77 19   Download

  • Wastes are materials generated as a result of numerous anthropic activities and should be disposed to prevent environmental pollution which aff ects human health and contributes ecosystem degradation. Most of the environmental problems, which we are dealing with, are a result of improper management of wastes. In particular, fresh water resources are under serious stress throughout the globe. Water supply and water quality degradation are global concerns.

    pdf0p ktcn_1 10-07-2012 44 15   Download

  • At Hoa An research station - belonging to Can Tho University - a student dormitory and other research facilities are under construction. The existing ground water supply will not meet the prospective fresh water demands of about 300 people in the nearest future.

    pdf0p haivan 16-03-2009 72 14   Download

  • Water is an essential and basic human need for urban, industrial and agricultural use. While there exists an abundance of fresh water resources is available, its uneven distribution around the globe creates challenges for the sustainable use of this resource. According to World Health Organization in 2011, over 1 billion people lack safe drinking water, approximately 3 billion people lack adequate sanitation, and over 2 million people die annually from water-related diseases.

    pdf162p ktcn_1 10-07-2012 39 9   Download

  • There is an estimated 1.4 billion km3 of water in the world but only approximately three percent (39 million km³) of it is available as fresh water. Moreover, most of this fresh water is found as ice in the arctic regions, deep groundwater or atmospheric water. Since water is the source of life and essential for all life on the planet, the use of this resource is a highly important issue. 'Water management' is the general term used to describe all the activities that manage the optimum use of the world’s water resources....

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  • Populations in developing countries are growing so quickly that the land and water are unable to sustain them. In most developing countries, prime farmland and fresh water are already fully utilized. Although irrigation can be employed to bring land in arid areas into production, it often leads to salinization. In some countries, the amount of newly irrigated land is equalled by salinized irrigated land going out of production. Moreover, irrigation water is often drawn from river basins or aquifers shared by several countries, and friction over its use is common....

    pdf151p tom_123 14-11-2012 21 5   Download

  • As a result, there is little awareness regarding the fact that the organization and characteristics of a production and supply chain strongly influence the volumes (and temporal and spatial distribution) of water consumption and pollution that can be associated with a final consumer product. Hoekstra and Chapagain (2008) have shown that visualizing the hidden water use behind products can help in understanding the global character of fresh water and in quantifying the effects of consumption and trade on water resources use.

    pdf98p saimatkhauroi 01-02-2013 18 3   Download

  • The earth’s surface is two-thirds water, yet most of this is undrinkable or unusable because it is either seawater or ice. Of the 1% that is available as fresh water, most is used for farming or industry. Fresh water pollution is the major problem because many rivers and streams are being polluted with pesticides, industrial waste, and sewage. In poor and developing countries, the addition of sewage to the sources of water leads to diseases, and even death. A United Nations’ report estimates that more than 78% of people drink from polluted water supplies.

    doc7p rrtrungrr11 27-03-2013 100 21   Download

  • Engineers . . .Build products such as cell phones, home appliances, heart valves, bridges, & cars. In general they advance society by building new technology. Develop processes, such as the process to convert salt water into fresh water or the process to recycle bottles. These processes change how we live and what we can accomplish.Decisions made by engineers usually have serious consequences to people often to multitudes of people.

    ppt58p hongthuy1994 26-12-2012 54 10   Download

  • Yadav et al. (2007) studied on fertilizer industrial discharge showed that some components in the discharge may interact with each other and produce toxic to aquatic organisms. For instance, the interaction between dissolved oxygen and ammonia changed the respiratory physiology in fresh water fish. In addition, results showed that the toxicity of the effluent in fish depends on concentration and duration of exposure.

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  • In many parts of the world the primary source of animal protein for humans is finfish. The intensive culture of finfish has grown significantly since the 1980s partly because of the dramatic decline in the natural fish stocks and the increase in fish consumption by the ever-increasing population. For example, the worldwide consumption of fish between 1990 and 1997 increased by 30% while the capture fisheries increased only by 9%.

    pdf365p crius75 04-01-2013 37 6   Download

  • Benthic algae have been intensively studied, especially over the past two decades. This intensity has been stimulated by the widespread recognition that benthic algae are ideal indicators of the health of many, if not most, aquatic ecosystems. With this book we hope to synthesize this vital area of research and share its essence with our colleagues and students. We started with an outline of the myriad abiotic and biotic determinants of benthic algal ecology.

    pdf781p phoebe75 01-02-2013 21 5   Download

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