Today's international trade is radically more complex. The revolution in information
and communication technologies fostered an internationalisation of supply chains
which created a nexus between trade, investment, and services which is at the heart of
so much of today's international commerce.
Fundamental changes in recent decades have heightened the need for new and viable
solutions to the problems of international trade.
Managing Successful IT Outsourcing Relationships is a comprehensive guide on all the aspects of IT outsourcing, and is highly recommended for practitioners, researchers, policy makers and consultants alike. This book uses well-known theoretical perspectives and experiences learned from several business cases to develop models and guidelines for the complex IT outsourcing process and emerging relationships.
Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective
The New Fiscal Sociology: Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective demon-
strates that the study of taxation can illuminate fundamental dynamics of modern
societies. The fourteen chapters in this collection offer a state-of-the-art survey of the
new ﬁscal sociology that is emerging at the intersection of sociology, history, political
science, and law.
The contributors include some of the foremost comparative historical scholars in
these disciplines and others.
The goal in this chapter is to provide a perspective on capital market history. After studying this chapter, you should understand: How to calculate the return on an investment, the historical returns on various important types of investments, the historical risks on various important types of investments, the implications of market efficiency.
Whatever the context, be it solid, liquid, or some transitionary setting, materials science seeks an understanding of a material's macromolecular structure and properties by drawing on knowledge of its atomic and molecular constituents. Until recently, the term ''materials science'' was used primarily to denote empirical study, fundamental research, synthesis, a
In this chapter presenting the terminology and basic concepts that will be used throughout the lecture. This chapter discusses data models and defines the concepts of schemas and instances, which are fundamental to the study of database systems, discuss the three-schema DBMS architecture, provides a user’s perspective on what a DBMS is supposed to do, describe the types of interfaces and languages that are typically provided
by a DBMS,...
In this chapter presenting the terminology and basic concepts that will be used throughout the lecture. This chapter discusses data models and defines the concepts of schemas and instances, which are fundamental to the study of database systems, discuss the three-schema DBMS architecture, provides a user’s perspective on what a DBMS is supposed to do, describe the types of interfaces and languages that are typically provided by a DBMS,...
Computer technology has made incredible progress in the roughly 55 years since
the ﬁrst general-purpose electronic computer was created. Today, less than a
thousand dollars will purchase a personal computer that has more performance,
more main memory, and more disk storage than a computer bought in 1980 for
$1 million. This rapid rate of improvement has come both from advances in the
technology used to build computers and from innovation in computer design.
When the print edition became out-of-print, we applied for the return of copyright and released the book in this
electronic format. We removed the more dated material, such as boxed insert examples of the use of the Internet,
but otherwise essentially left the book as is because we believe the fundamental ideas are still relevant.
We seek the support of the adopting community to refresh this book. If you have some suggestions for revision,
then please contact the chapter editor.
This book offers an understanding of electronic devices and circuits, and how they operate from a technician's perspective. Full of drawings, examples and lab experiments, this text offers the student hands-on experience in preparing to become an electronics technician. Basic discrete components make up 35% of the content of the text, with the balance dedicated to integrated circuits and other topics.
The fundamental treatment and management goals in diabetes mellitus are to control and normalize blood glucose levels and to prevent diabetic complications. It also includes maintaining normal growth and development and normal body weight. Proper diet, regular exercise, weight control and different therapeutic agents are the mainstays of diabetic care and management. Weight reduction and exercise have been shown to improve tissue sensitivity to insulin and allow its proper use by target tissues.
Ihave no idea where you are as you read this. You might be sitting in front of your
computer, lounging on a beach in Martinique, or curled up under the covers with
a flashlight. But there’s a chance you’re standing in a bookstore with a clerk behind
you asking if you need any help. If so, you’re at what we in the book biz like to call
the “point of purchase” (POP). From my perspective, the POP is a dangerous place,
fraught with ambiguities and temptations.
Mental health and legal professionals face formidable challenges in applying
their knowledge and expertise to the criminal justice system. This
book addresses psycholegal issues from both law (e.g., statutes, case law,
and legal theory) and clinical-forensic (e.g., empirically based knowledge
and specialized methods) perspectives.Within the criminal justice system,
it considers the major legal, empirical, and forensic issues found in the
law–mental health interface.
Overall, our analysis can be understood as one of the first cross-country empirical
studies on the determinants of bank fees and as a contribution to the literature
testing the contradictory empirical predictions of the SCP and ES hypotheses
regarding the influence of concentration on prices in the banking industry.
This book is aimed at providing applied aspects of photosynthesis. Different research
groups collected their valuable results from the study of this interesting process. In
this book, there are two sections: Fundamental and Applied aspects. All sections have
been written by experts in their fields. Book chapters present different and new
subjects, from photosynthetic inhibitors, to interaction between flowering initiation
The book is the result of the effort of many experts, and I would like to take this
opportunity to thank all contributors for their chapters.
The blossoming of computer science (CS) research is evident in the
information technology that has migrated from a specialized tool
confined to the laboratory or corporate back office to a ubiquitous
presence in machines and devices that now figure in the lives of virtually
every individual. This widespread diffusion of information technology
can obscure the nature of computer science research underlying the IT—
from the perspective of many outside the field, computer science is seen
not as a basic area of systematic inquiry but as a tool to support other
Biophotonics is revolutionizing the field of medicine, biology and
chemistry and creating a new breed of medical engineers while at the
same time getting engineers a taste of medicine. From an engineer's
perspective, biophotonics is the application of photonics - the technology
of generating and harnessing packet of light energy called photons - to
image, detect and manipulate biological materials. In biology the
understanding of molecular mechanisms, function of proteins and
molecules has seen great new advances.
Most fundamentally, the term Hollywood refers to three interrelated
aspects of American cinema: the industrial, the institutional, and the
formal-aesthetic. As an industry, Hollywood is a vast, integrated com-
mercial enterprise with specific business practices and standard operat-
ing procedures geared primarily to producing and distributing
feature-length films (“Hollywood movies”).
The number of scientific journals is vast and is growing steadily, which means that there
are plenty of publishing opportunities. The fundamental reason behind the growing
number of journals is the increasing number of researchers globally. Quite often you can
hear researchers complaining that there are no scientific journals for their specific narrow
research field. Most often this is not true. Journals exist for wide and varying topical fields.
Should you find it difficult to find a suitable one, try considering potential applications for
We will limit our analysis to the case of a robot workspace free of obstacles.
In fact, we implicitly consider the robot controller to be embedded in a hierar-
chical architecture in which a higher-level planner solves the obstacle avoidance
problem and provides a series of motion goals to the lower control layer. In this
perspective, the controller deals with the basic issue of converting ideal plans
into actual motion execution.