Xem 1-20 trên 65 kết quả Funding options
  • In one way or another, business activity must be financed. Without finance to support their fixed assets and working capital requirements, businesses could not exist. There are three primary sources of finance for companies: ● a cash surplus from operating activities ● new equity funding ● borrowing from bank and non-bank sources. Non-bank sources are mainly investors in the capital markets who subscribe for bonds and other securities issued by companies.

    pdf110p taurus23 25-09-2012 27 16   Download

  • Mutual funds are one of the several options that investors explore for investing surplus funds. In a deposit-dominated market like India it is important for mutual funds to be able to offer differentiated risk-rewards and gain shelf-space. With many seemingly similar offerings from multiple mutual funds unable to clearly communicate their superiority, a less informed investor may find it difficult to make a choice. This uncertainty leads to a weakened ‘pull’ for the product.

    pdf0p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 21 6   Download

  • This report analyzes the costs, benefits, and risks of some of the options the Navy might consider. This report should be of interest to the Office of the Secretary of Defense and to Navy policymakers involved in the present and future direction of naval aviation. This research was carried out in the Acquisition and Technology Policy Center of the National Defense Research Institute, RAND’s federally funded research and development center supporting the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, the defense agencies, and the Navy....

    pdf0p xuan2013 29-01-2013 14 1   Download

  • Module 8 - Options for funding ICT for development. This module discusses these alternative funding options for ICT for development (ICTD) and e-government projects. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are highlighted as a particularly useful funding option for ICT-based services and e-government initiatives in developing countries.

    pdf102p whocare_d 08-09-2016 6 0   Download

  • The purpose of this booklet is to provide an introduction to some of the basic equity option strategies available to option and/or stock investors. Exchange-traded options have many benefits including flexibility, leverage, limited risk for buyers employing these strategies, and contract performance guaranteed by The Options Clearing Corporation (OCC). Options allow you to participate in price movements without committing the large amount of funds needed to buy stock outright.

    pdf32p greengrass304 14-09-2012 33 12   Download

  • Many investors are perfectly satisfied with the more traditional investing opportunities: They build solid portfolios containing individual stocks and bonds, mutual and exchange-traded funds, and so forth, and are generally content to let investment counselors manage their accounts. Other investors, however, prefer to take a more active role: Perhaps they want to manage their accounts themselves or broaden their investment horizons (and increase their potential returns) by delving into more volatile markets...

    pdf0p kimngan_1 04-11-2012 33 11   Download

  • Designed for the widest audience, without sacrificing a high level of understanding, graduating from limited math to arithmetic and algebra and some calculus Covers forwards and futures, options, binomial trees, Black-Scholes, volatility and dynamic strategies with detailed definitions and examples

    pdf497p greengrass304 14-09-2012 27 10   Download

  • Auditors would be regulated under a system which mirrors that of the audit of companies with a role for the Financial Reporting Council and the professional audit bodies. We envisage that the National Audit Office will set the code of audit practice and we have put forward options for the scope of audit in the new framework. The consultation document also sets out how transparency will be increased in the new framework and our proposals for auditing smaller bodies with a turnover below £6.5m in a proportionate way.

    pdf192p tay_thi_le 19-02-2013 30 8   Download

  • In any discussion of a project budget, top management usually begins by asking, “What should this project cost, and is that reasonable?” If the project is optional, the decision to proceed should be based on an estimate of expenses versus future profits. For example, Will the effort reduce operating expenses? Is the project really necessary? The only way to answer these questions is to identify the true cost of the project. Your estimate must include labor expense—the cost of paying members of your project team.

    pdf95p tainhacmienphi 25-02-2013 17 6   Download

  • Since many social businesses are also SMEs, measures that facilitate access to finance for SMEs could also help social businesses. In this context, of notable importance are the support and regulatory frameworks for venture capital, in particular the steps to be taken to develop a EU passport for Venture Capital funds. The extent to which work on establishing such a passport might aid social businesses is central in considering the effectiveness and efficiency of the options identified in this impact assessment.

    pdf40p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 25 6   Download

  • “Structured products” are one of the fastest growing areas in the financial services industry, and may already be over half of the notional size of the hedge fund industry (AUM plus leverage). These products, constructed by investment banks, are extremely complex using synthetic option replication techniques, and offering a variety of guarantees in returns. They are sold to retail, private banking and institutional clients. Hedge funds help reduce volatility risk for investment banks in supplying these products. ...

    pdf21p quaivatdo 18-11-2012 17 5   Download

  • This demand feature bridges the gap between borrowers and lenders. It allows governments to issue the long-term bonds they prefer, while making that debt eligible for purchase by money funds that must invest in short-term securities. Sound like the SIVs we discussed earlier? VRDNs are like SIVs in many respects, but with some key differences. First, there is generally less concern about the credit quality of the bonds in a VRDN than the securities held in a SIV—governments are usually pretty good payers.

    pdf6p quaivatdo 18-11-2012 14 4   Download

  • The investment in stock market is increasing at a faster rate in the recent years because of FIIs, FDIs, Stock market awareness etc. investment in Debentures, Bank Deposits, are not so attractive because of less amount of interest, as in real terms the value of money decreases over a period of time. The other option is to invest money in stock market, but a common man is not much aware of market and he is not much component enough to understand the functions of stock market and also it is an expansive proposal. The question to be answered is:...

    pdf0p quaivatdo 18-11-2012 13 4   Download

  • The term „structured product‟ is the name given to an investment product that provides a return that is pre- determined with reference to the performance of one or more underlying markets. The performance of a structured product is therefore based only on the performance of this underlying product and not on the discretion of the product provider. Most often the product relies on the use of derivatives to generate the return, and contains downside protection or guarantees of some form via options.

    pdf10p quaivatdo 18-11-2012 27 4   Download

  • Barriers to low-carbon investment may be financial, structural or technical. Financial barriers include fossil fuel subsidies, and the unpriced carbon externality. These discourage local businesses, project developers, vendors, technology providers from offering low carbon solutions to the market, and hamper institutional and market financing mechanisms enabling such businesses to grow.

    pdf82p quaivatdo 19-11-2012 21 4   Download

  • The verification of care needs is the responsibility of the long-term care insurance funds. The funds entrust the task of identifying, verifying and assessing the severity of care needs to the Medical Review Board of the Statutory Health Insurance Funds, which is primarily made up of doctors and nurses. The assessment takes place in the home of the insured person provided they give their consent. If such an assessment is not performed the insurance funds are entitled to refuse to pay benefits.

    pdf29p quaivatxanh 29-11-2012 24 4   Download

  • The European Physical Society (EPS) is an independent body funded by contributions from national physical societies, other bodies and individual members. It represents over 100,000 physicists and can call on expertise in all areas where physics is involved. The Position Paper consists of two parts, the EPS position, summarising the recommendations, and a scientific/technical part. The scientific/technical part is essential to the Position Paper as it contains all facts and arguments that form the basis of the EPS position. (i) The objectiv...

    pdf30p beobobeo 01-08-2012 17 3   Download

  • Sales charges are the commissions that you may have to pay when you buy or sell a fund. If you pay this charge when you buy the fund, it’s called an initial sales charge or front-end load. If you pay it when you sell, it’s called a deferred sales charge or back-end load. Some funds are sold on a “no-load” basis, which means you pay no sales charge when you buy or sell. Comparing sales charge options With initial sales charges, the cost can vary from firm to firm and may be negotiable. Shop around, and remember that every dollar you pay in commission is a...

    pdf27p quaivatdo 18-11-2012 21 3   Download

  • Transparency, predictability and longevity of government programmes are necessary if investors are to initiate a project in green technologies. For instance, the degree of high uncertainty in American Production Tax Credits (PTC) was a contributing factor to investor exit from the wind power sector, in particular - illustrating the importance for governments of ensuring that programmes are not subject to excessive policy uncertainty (see Figure 2). Retroactive policy changes regarding solar power projects in Spain have also been concerning investors.

    pdf33p quaivatdo 19-11-2012 22 3   Download

  • Other important elements of good design include independence of the agencies making funding decisions, use of peer review and competitive procedures with clear criteria for project selection. Support for commercialisation should also be temporary and accompanied by clear sunset clauses and transparent phase-out schedules. As noted before, support policies also require a good understanding of the state of development of green technologies; support for commercialisation should not be provided before technologies reach a sufficiently mature state. ...

    pdf100p quaivatdo 19-11-2012 19 3   Download

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