Xem 1-20 trên 42 kết quả Funding stability
  • This paper examines how corporate financial structure shapes the impact of a financial crisis on the real sector by way of its effects on flows of funds and on corporate real expenditures. It is one of the first papers to utilize extensive cross-country flow and balance sheet data and also to examine subcomponents of GDP in the wake of banking and currency crises rather than focusing exclusively on aggregate GDP.

    pdf49p truongdoan 10-11-2009 153 50   Download

  • Investors in MMMFs choose these funds because of the stability and liquidity that they provide 22 . This is precisely why these investors are prone to run during a financial crisis when either or both of these product features may be compromised. If investor losses resulted from market events more frequently, it is possible that the investor base and level of interest in the funds today would be very different.

    pdf8p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 17 6   Download

  • This paper studies the responses of residential property and equity prices, inflation and economic activity to monetary policy shocks in 17 countries, using data spanning 1986-2006. We estimate VARs for individual economies and panel VARs in which we distinguish between groups of countries on the basis of the characteristics of their financial systems. The results suggest that using monetary policy to offset asset price movements in order to guard against financial instability may have large effects on economic activity.

    pdf35p thuytinh_den 11-07-2010 94 16   Download

  • There is no general consensus on how to define various risk-related terms, including the term “risk” itself, and people may have different views on how those terms apply to their particular organization. Both fund boards and advisers would benefit from establishing a common understanding of the terms and concepts they use in risk-related discussions, as well as how they apply to their funds. Some advisers include definitions or descriptions of how they view risk and risk management in their board presentations.

    pdf100p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 24 7   Download

  • Finally, the analysis of national sanctioning regimes carried out by the Commission, along with the Committees of Supervisors (now transformed into European Supervisory Authorities) has shown a number of divergences and weaknesses which may have a negative impact on the proper application of EU legislation, the effectiveness of financial supervision, and ultimately on competition, stability and integrity of financial markets and consumer protection.

    pdf500p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 25 6   Download

  • Interest income is recognized on the accrual basis. Dividend income and distributions from investment trust units are recognized on the ex-dividend and ex-distribution date, respectively. Interest on inflation-indexed bonds will be paid based on the principal value, which is adjusted for inflation. The inflation adjustment of the principal value is recognized as part of interest income in the Statement of Operations.

    pdf21p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 26 6   Download

  • The largest support instance noted relative to AUM was the $336.8 million, or 6.3% of AUM, support to the Russell Money Market Fund. This entire amount was due to the purchase of the Fund’s Lehman holdings, as noted in the following disclosure, “On September 14, 2009, the Lehman Securities were purchased by Frank Russell Company from the Fund at amortized cost of $402,764,934 plus accrued interest of $775,756.

    pdf15p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 17 6   Download

  • Different PHI functions give rise to specific policy challenges. Primary PHI markets often create access-related challenges, especially for high-risk and vulnerable groups, where they represent the sole form of cover for some population groups.15 Where public and private delivery systems are linked to different funding sources, as in systems with duplicate private health insurance, differences in access to care, choice levels and utilisation patterns occur between individuals with and without private insurance.

    pdf37p quaivatxanh 01-12-2012 27 5   Download

  • The remainder of the paper is as follows. The next section defines the standard approach and the notion of luck. Then, we define the F DR and explain our new methodology which allows us to compute the F DR among the best and worst funds separately. Section 3 presents the performance measures, the estimation technique to compute the p-values as well as the mutual fund data. Section 4 contains the empirical analysis of the impact of luck on performance across the four investment categories. Section 5 concludes.

    pdf0p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 18 5   Download

  • For example, SLAT Prime Obligation Fund disclosed a variety of asset purchases occurring in the year ended June 30, 2009, but did not disclose transaction dates. Second, even if the date of the support was disclosed, in many cases that date represented when the sponsor chose to provide direct support, but the direct support may have been preceded by indirect support such as guarantees that were important in stabilizing the NAV, reassuring investors and preventing runs.

    pdf16p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 19 5   Download

  • Company Act of 1940. 14 If the current rules were in place in 2007 and 2008, prime MMMFs could still have held the distressed asset-backed commercial paper and Lehman debt securities that triggered support for many funds and the break the buck event for the Reserve Fund. Indeed, Lehman debt maintained the highest short term ratings up through the time it filed for bankruptcy. 15 And recent sponsor behavior indicates that support is still a likely event in the face of such credit events or uncertainty.

    pdf8p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 12 5   Download

  • Federal funds are the heart of the money market in the sense that they are the core of the overnight market for credit in the United States. Moreover, current and expected interest rates on federal funds are the basic rates to which all other money market rates are anchored. Understanding the federal funds market requires, above all, recognizing that its general character has been shaped by Federal Reserve policy. From the beginning, Federal Reserve regulatory rulings have encouraged the market's growth.

    pdf33p taisaovanchuavo 23-01-2013 19 4   Download

  • Social Security payments and DB pension plans have traditionally provided the bulk of retirement income in the United States. For example, the U.S. Social Security Administration reports that 44 percent of income for people 65 and older came from Social Security income in 2001 and 25 percent came from DB pensions. As Figure 1.

    pdf152p mebachano 01-02-2013 18 4   Download

  • Examples of embedded derivatives which are not required to be separated A derivative embedded in an insurance contract is considered to be closely related to the host insurance contract if the embedded derivative and the host insurance contract are so interdependent that an entity cannot measure the embedded derivative separately. In this situation, an entity would not separate the embedded derivative.

    pdf259p bin_pham 06-02-2013 16 4   Download

  • Among funds, there are substantial differences in risk-return profiles, investment horizons, asset allocation, eligible instruments, risk tolerances, and constraints. 19 Because each fund is different and has varying goals and objectives, it is difficult to generalize about the investment strategies of SWFs as a class. For example, an oil-exporting economy may initially establish a SWF for stabilization purposes.

    pdf12p thangbienthai 20-11-2012 32 3   Download

  • The first SWF was established by Kuwait in 1953 as a means to help stabilize the economy from fluctuating oil prices. 20 In 1956 the Gilbert Islands (now Kiribati) established the Revenue Equalization Reserve Fund to manage profits from phosphate mining. Following Kuwait and Kiribati, the next major SWFs were created in the 1970s in the wake of the oil shock. The most recent wave began in the 1990s with the Norway Government Pension Fund-Global in 1990 and continues to this day.

    pdf25p thangbienthai 20-11-2012 24 3   Download

  • This study was mandated by Congress in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (P.L. 107-107), Section 253: Study and Report on Effectiveness of Air Force Science and Technology Program Changes (see Appendix A).

    pdf79p camnhung_1 14-12-2012 25 3   Download

  • The extension of central bank liquidity eased the pace of asset-shedding observed in late 2011, but did not turn the underlying trend. If the banks in the EBA sample, for instance, failed to roll over their senior unsecured debt maturing over a two-year horizon, which amounts to more than €1,100 billion (€600 billion among banks with a capital shortfall), they would have to shed funded assets in equal measure. By covering these funding needs, the LTROs and dollar swap lines helped avert an accelerated deleveraging process.

    pdf15p machuavo 19-01-2013 18 3   Download

  • Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) are investment funds owned and managed by national governments. Originally created in the 1950s by oil and resource-producing countries to help stabilize their economies against fluctuating commodity prices, and to provide a source of wealth for future generations, they have proliferated considerably in recent years. Although their lack of transparency makes estimating SWF investment levels difficult, it is estimated that they currently manage between $1.9 and $2.9 trillion.

    pdf19p thangbienthai 20-11-2012 23 2   Download

  • Africa is still undergoing a process of economic stabilization, and many countries are facing specific issues of post-conflict reconstruction that call for emergency social funds interven- tions. The region already has the largest concentration of social funds, with the AGETIP agen- cies of West Africa regrouped within AFRICATIP. The social funds of Eastern and Southern Africa will develop their own network to be called Social Funds NET.

    pdf32p thangbienthai 22-11-2012 25 2   Download

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